Seminole County, Florida
|Seminole County, Florida|
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 25, 1913|
|• Total||344.87 sq mi (893 km2)|
|• Land||308.20 sq mi (798 km2)|
|• Water||36.67 sq mi (95 km2), 10.63%|
|• Density||1,372/sq mi (529.72/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Seminole County (//, SEM-i-nohl) is a county in the State of Florida. Located between Orange County to the south and Volusia County to the north, it is part of the Greater Orlando metropolitan area. Its county seat and largest city is Sanford. As of the 2010 census, Seminole County's population was 422,718, a 15.75% increase from 2000.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Municipalities
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
On July 21, 1821, there were two counties that formed Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. In 1824, the area to the south of St. Johns County was designated Mosquito County, with its seat at Enterprise. The county's name was changed to Orange County in 1845 when Florida became a state, and over the next 70 years several other counties were created. Seminole County was one of the last to split.
Seminole County was created on April 25, 1913 out of part of the northern portion of Orange County by the Florida Legislature. It was named for the Seminole people who historically lived throughout the area. The name "Seminole" is thought to be derived from the Spanish word cimarron, meaning "wild" or "runaway."
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 344.87 square miles (893.2 km2), of which 308.20 square miles (798.2 km2) (or 89.37%) is land and 36.67 square miles (95.0 km2) (or 10.63%) is water.
Seminole County's location between Volusia County and Orange County has made it one of the fastest growing counties in Florida. The Greater Orlando Metropolitan District which includes Seminole, Osceola, and the surrounding counties of Lake and Orange counties, together with neighboring Volusia and Brevard counties create a viable, progressive and diverse setting for economic growth and residential development.
- Volusia County, Florida - north/east
- Orange County, Florida - west/south
- Lake County, Florida - west
|Orange County and Lake County||Volusia County|
|Orange County||Brevard County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 365,196 people, 139,572 households, and 97,281 families residing in the county. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the population of the County has grown to 394,878 by 2003. Current 2012 estimates put the population at more than 430,838. The population density was 1,185 people per square mile (458/km²). There were 147,079 housing units at an average density of 477 per square mile (184/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.4% White, 9.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 11.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 139,572 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07. The Department of Education states that in 2003, school enrollment was approximately 72,630. As of 2006, the Seminole County School District was the 52nd largest in the nation.
Population was distributed with 25.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,326, and the median income for a family was $56,895. Males had a median income of $40,001 versus $28,217 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,591. About 5.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. As of March 2009, according to Workforce Central Florida, the unemployment rate for Seminole County is 9.2 percent.
The following reflects the latest year available for religious statistics, which was 2000.
- Did not claim a religious affiliation - 230,901
- Catholic - 60, 191
- Evangelical Protestant - 48,430
- Mainline Protestant - 19,713
- Other - 5,487
- Orthodox - 474
The government currently operates under a County Charter originally adopted in 1989 and amended in November, 1994. Policymaking and the legislative authority are vested in the Board of County Commissioners, a five-member board elected to four-year terms in partisan, countywide elections and from single member districts. The Board adopts the County budget, levies property taxes and other fees, and hires the County Manager and County Attorney. In addition to the Board there are five Constitutional Officers who are elected to partisan, four-year terms in accordance with the constitution of the State of Florida.
The Constitutional Officers, Clerk of the Circuit and County Courts, Sheriff, Tax Collector, Property Appraiser, and Supervisor of Elections, maintain separate accounting records and budgets. The Board funds a portion or, in certain instances, all of the operating budgets of the County's Constitutional Officers.
The County provides a full range of services; the construction and maintenance of the County's infrastructure, public safety, recreation, health and human services, and development and protection of the physical and economic environment.
In addition to the County Government described above, there are other political entities which are controlled by the County, but have their own appointed boards; the Seminole County Expressway Authority, the Seminole County Port Authority, the Fred R. Wilson Memorial Law Library and the US 17-92 Community Redevelopment Agency
The following officers are elected as indicated:
- Commissioner, District I - Bob Dallari
- Commissioner, District II - John Horan
- Commissioner, District III - Lee Constantine
- Commissioner, District IV - Carlton D. Henley
- Commissioner, District V - Brenda Carey
- Clerk of the Circuit Court - Maryanne Morse
- Sheriff - Donald F. Eslinger
- Tax Collector - Ray Valdes
- Property Appraiser - David Johnson
- Supervisor of Elections - Mike Ertel
- County Manager (appointed) - Jim Hartmann
- County Attorney (appointed) - A.Bryant Applegate
The library system was founded in 1978 by the Seminole County Board of County Commissioners. It contains 500,000 volumes and has a circulation of 2.5 million books annually. There are five branches, located in the cities of Casselberry, Sanford, Lake Mary, Oviedo, and Longwood.
An online catalog is available including access to e-books and audio books. Library cards are restricted to county residents, property owners, students (enrolled in a county public school), or employed by the county government. 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2010)|
||This section possibly contains original research. (December 2009)|
|Taxpayer||Type of Business||Assessed Valuation||Percent of Total Taxable Valuation|
|Colonial Realty LP||Property Management / Development||$ 217,597,511||1.18%|
|Progress Energy Florida, Inc.||Electric Utility||162,934,377||.88%|
|Seminole Towne Centre LP||Shopping Mall||87,867,747||.48%|
|Altamonte Mall A Jt. Venture||Shopping Mall||86,903,276||.47%|
|Sprint Nextel Corp.||Communications||83,090,520||.45%|
|Convergys||Call Center Outsourcing||68,774,402||.37%|
|United Dominion Realty Tr||Property Management / Development||61,467,400||.33%|
|Rouse-Orlando Inc.||Shopping Mall||60,318,083||.33%|
Per Capita Income and Unemployment Rate
- 54,651 - Sanford
- 41,920 - Altamonte Springs
- 35,291 - Oviedo
- 33,540 - Winter Springs
- 26,449 - Casselberry
- 14,574 - Lake Mary
- 13,751 - Longwood
City districts and neighborhoods
- Forest City (partly within the City of Altamonte Springs)
- Heathrow (partly within the City of Lake Mary)
- Tuskawilla (partly within the City of Winter Springs)
- Fern Park
- Indian Mound Village
- Lake Monroe
- Sanlando Springs
- Wekiwa Springs
- an unincorporated area of Winter Park 
Seminole County Public Schools operates public schools.
Interstates and Expressways
- Little-Big Econ State Forest
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Seminole County, Florida
- "Census 2010 Database: Florida's changing communities". U.S. Census Bureau Data for 2010. Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "National Center for Educations Statistics - 100 Largest School Districts in the United States". Retrieved 2008-07-31.
- "The Association of Religion Data Archives | Maps & Reports". Thearda.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "Seminole County Public Library: About Us". Seminole County Government. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Seminole County Public Library: Branch Information". Seminole County Government. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Seminole County Public Library: Obtaining a Library Card". Seminole County Government. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Heathrow CDP, Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
- "Home Office." Ruth's Hospitality Group. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Florida". United States Census Bureau. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
- Winter Park is incorporated in Orange County however the county line divides some delivery addresses that use "Winter Park" although the city limits are wholly within Orange County. Postal addresses physically located in Seminole County that use "Winter Park" in their addresses have mail delivered from the US Postal Service's Winter Park - Aloma Branch. Those Seminole County addresses currently share the same ZIP Code as addresses located within Orange County and delivered from the Aloma Branch.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Seminole County, Florida.|
- Seminole (County) at the Open Directory Project
- Seminole County Government / Board of County Commissioners
- Seminole County Government / Mosquito Control Program
- Photographs from the State Library & Archives of Florida.
- Seminole County Jail Information