The Semipalatinsk Oblast (Russian: Семипалатинская область) was an oblast (province) of the Russian Empire. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day northeastern Kazakhstan. It was created out of the territories of the former Kazakh khanate.
As of 1897, 684,590 people populated the oblast. Kazakhs constituted the majority of the population. Significant minorities consisted of Russians and Tatars. Total Turkic speaking were 614,999(89,8%).