Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Semiprozine)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine
Awarded for The best semi-professional magazine devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1984
Currently held by Lightspeed (edited by John Joseph Adams, Rich Horton and Stefan Rudnicki)
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine was given each year for semi-professionally-edited magazines related to science fiction or fantasy, published in English and which had published four or more issues, with at least one issue appearing in the previous calendar year.[4] Awards were once also given out for professional magazines in the professional magazine category, and are still awarded for fan magazines in the fanzine category.

The award was first presented in 1984, and has been given annually since. A "semiprozine" is defined for the award as a magazine in the field that is not professional but that (unlike a fanzine) either pays its contributors in something other than copies, or is (generally) available only for payment.[5] In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954, but the category was only available for nominations for 1951 and 1954 and failed to receive enough to form a ballot either year.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon), and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. The 1953 through 1956 and 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up magazines, but since 1959 all five candidates were recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[1][9] At the 2008 business meeting, an amendment to the World Science Fiction Society's Constitution was passed which would remove this category. The vote to ratify this amendment was held the following year; the ratification failed and the category remained. Instead, a committee was formed to recommend improvements to the category and related categories.[10]

During the 31 nomination years, 26 magazines run by 66 editors have been nominated. Of these, only seven magazines run by sixteen editors have won. Locus has won 22 times and was nominated every year until a rules change in 2012 made it ineligible for the category. Science Fiction Chronicle and Clarkesworld Magazine are the only other magazines to win more than once, with 2 awards out of 18 and 3 out of 4 nominations, respectively, while Ansible has won 1 out of 7 nominations, Interzone has won 1 out of 28, Lightspeed has won 1 out of 4, and Weird Tales has won 1 out of its 3 nominations. As editor of Locus Charles N. Brown won 21 of 27 nominations, though he shared 5 of those awards with Kirsten Gong-Wong, 3 with Liza Groen Trombi and 2 with Jennifer A. Hall. The sole editor for Chronicle '​s awards was Andrew I. Porter, while David Pringle earned Interzone '​s, and Ann VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal were the editors for Weird Tales '​s victory. Lightspeed '​s win was under John Joseph Adams, Rich Horton and Stefan Rudnicki, while David Langford was the editor when Ansible was awarded. Clarkesworld Magazine '​s winning years were under Neil Clarke, Sean Wallace, and Kate Baker, with 2 of the three also under Cheryl Morgan and the other under Jason Heller. The New York Review of Science Fiction has received the most number of nominations without ever winning at 22, under the helm of David G. Hartwell, Kathryn Cramer, Kevin J. Maroney, and 8 other editors. The next highest number of nominations without winning is 7 for Speculations under Kent Brewster, Denise Lee, and Susan Fry.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background won the award for that year; those with a white background are the other nominees on the short-list. Note that Thrust was renamed to Quantum and was nominated under both names; no other nominated magazine has undergone a name change during the period the award has been active.[11]

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Work Editor(s) Ref
1984 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [12]
1984 Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [12]
1984 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [12]
1984 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [12]
1984 Whispers Schiff, Stuart DavidStuart David Schiff [12]
1985 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [13]
1985 Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [13]
1985 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [13]
1985 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [13]
1985 Whispers Schiff, Stuart DavidStuart David Schiff [13]
1986 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [14]
1986 Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [14]
1986 Interzone Ounsley, SimonSimon Ounsley and David Pringle [14]
1986 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [14]
1986 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [14]
1987 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [15]
1987 Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [15]
1987 Interzone Ounsley, SimonSimon Ounsley and David Pringle [15]
1987 Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [15]
1987 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [15]
1988 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [16]
1988 Aboriginal Science Fiction Ryan, Charles C.Charles C. Ryan [16]
1988 Interzone Ounsley, SimonSimon Ounsley and David Pringle [16]
1988 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [16]
1988 Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [16]
1989 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [17]
1989 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [17]
1989 The New York Review of Science Fiction Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, Teresa Nielsen Hayden, Susan Palwick, and Kathryn Cramer [17]
1989 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [17]
1989 Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [17]
1990 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [18]
1990 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [18]
1990 The New York Review of Science Fiction Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, Teresa Nielsen Hayden, Susan Palwick, and Kathryn Cramer [18]
1990 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [18]
1990 Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [18]
1991 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [19]
1991 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [19]
1991 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Gordon Van Gelder [19]
1991 Quantum Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [19]
1991 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [19]
1992 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [20]
1992 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [20]
1992 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Gordon Van Gelder [20]
1992 Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine Rusch, Kristine KathrynKristine Kathryn Rusch and Dean Wesley Smith [20]
1992 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [20]
1993 Science Fiction Chronicle* Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [21]
1993 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [21]
1993 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [21]
1993 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [21]
1993 Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine Smith, Dean WesleyDean Wesley Smith and Jonathan E. Bond [21]
1994 Science Fiction Chronicle* Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [22]
1994 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [22]
1994 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [22]
1994 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [22]
1994 Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine Smith, Dean WesleyDean Wesley Smith and Jonathan E. Bond [22]
1994 Tomorrow Speculative Fiction Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys [22]
1995 Interzone* Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [23]
1995 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [23]
1995 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [23]
1995 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [23]
1995 Tomorrow Speculative Fiction Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys [23]
1996 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [24]
1996 Crank! Cholfin, BryanBryan Cholfin [24]
1996 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [24]
1996 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [24]
1996 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [24]
1997 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [25]
1997 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [25]
1997 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Tad Dembinski, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [25]
1997 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [25]
1997 Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [25]
1998 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [26]
1998 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [26]
1998 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [26]
1998 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [26]
1998 Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [26]
1999 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [27]
1999 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [27]
1999 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [27]
1999 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [27]
1999 Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [27]
2000 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [28]
2000 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [28]
2000 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [28]
2000 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [28]
2000 Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [28]
2001 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [29]
2001 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [29]
2001 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [29]
2001 Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [29]
2001 Speculations Lee, DeniseDenise Lee and Susan Fry [29]
2002 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [30]
2002 Absolute Magnitude Lapine, WarrenWarren Lapine [30]
2002 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [30]
2002 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [30]
2002 Speculations Fry, SusanSusan Fry and Kent Brewster [30]
2003 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Jennifer A. Hall, and Kirsten Gong-Wong [31]
2003 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [31]
2003 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [31]
2003 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [31]
2003 Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [31]
2004 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Jennifer A. Hall, and Kirsten Gong-Wong [32]
2004 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [32]
2004 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [32]
2004 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [32]
2004 Third Alternative Cox, AndyAndy Cox [32]
2005 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [33]
2005 Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle and Andy Cox [33]
2005 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Jennifer A. Hall, and Kirsten Gong-Wong [33]
2005 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [33]
2005 Third Alternative Cox, AndyAndy Cox [33]
2006 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [34]
2006 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [34]
2006 Emerald City Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [34]
2006 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [34]
2006 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [34]
2007 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [35]
2007 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [35]
2007 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [35]
2007 Lady Churchill's Rosebud Wristlet Link, KellyKelly Link and Gavin Grant [35]
2007 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [35]
2008 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [36]
2008 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [36]
2008 Helix SF Sanders, WilliamWilliam Sanders and Lawrence Watt-Evans [36]
2008 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [36]
2008 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Kristine Dikeman, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [36]
2009 Weird Tales* VanderMeer, AnnAnn VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal [37]
2009 Clarkesworld Magazine Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Nick Mamatas, and Sean Wallace [37]
2009 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [37]
2009 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [37]
2009 The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Kristine Dikeman, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [37]
2010 Clarkesworld Magazine* Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Sean Wallace, and Cheryl Morgan [38]
2010 Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [38]
2010 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [38]
2010 Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [38]
2010 Weird Tales VanderMeer, AnnAnn VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal [38]
2011 Clarkesworld Magazine* Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Sean Wallace, and Cheryl Morgan; podcast directed by Kate Baker [39]
2011 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [39]
2011 Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams [39]
2011 Locus Trombi, Liza GroenLiza Groen Trombi and Kirsten Gong-Wong [39]
2011 Weird Tales VanderMeer, AnnAnn VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal [39]
2012 Locus* Trombi, Liza GroenLiza Groen Trombi and Kirsten Gong-Wong [40]
2012 Apex Magazine Valente, Catherynne M.Catherynne M. Valente, Lynne M. Thomas, and Jason Sizemore [40]
2012 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [40]
2012 Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams [40]
2012 The New York Review of Science Fiction Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell, Kevin J. Maroney, Kris Dikeman, and Avram Grumer [40]
2013 Clarkesworld Magazine* Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Jason Heller, Sean Wallace, and Kate Baker [41]
2013 Apex Magazine Thomas, Lynne M.Lynne M. Thomas, Jason Sizemore, and Michael Damian Thomas [41]
2013 Beneath Ceaseless Skies Andrews, Scott H.Scott H. Andrews [41]
2013 Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams and Stefan Rudnicki [41]
2013 Strange Horizons Harrison, NiallNiall Harrison, Jed Hartman, Brit Mandelo, An Owomoyela, Julia Rios, Abigail Nussbaum, Sonya Taaffe, Dave Nagdeman, and Rebecca Cross [41]
2014 Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams, Rich Horton and Stefan Rudnicki [42]
2014 Apex Magazine Thomas, Lynne M.Lynne M. Thomas, Jason Sizemore, and Michael Damian Thomas [42]
2014 Beneath Ceaseless Skies Andrews, Scott H.Scott H. Andrews [42]
2014 Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [42]
2014 Strange Horizons Harrison, NiallNiall Harrison, Brit Mandelo, An Owomoyela, Julia Rios, Abigail Nussbaum, Sonya Taaffe, Rebecca Cross, Anaea Lay, and Shane Garvin [42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  2. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  3. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  4. ^ "The World Science Fiction Society Rules 1971". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  5. ^ "WSFS Constitution, Standing Rules, & Business Passed On". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  6. ^ a b "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  7. ^ "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  8. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  9. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  10. ^ "2009 WSFS Business Meeting". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  11. ^ Fratz, Doug (Spring 1993). "The Twenty-Year Spree: A Personal History of Thrust/Quantum". Quantum (Doug Fratz) (43): 51–56. ISSN 0198-6686. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "1984 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "1985 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "1986 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "1987 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "1988 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "1989 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "1990 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "1991 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  21. ^ a b c d e "1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f "1994 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  23. ^ a b c d e "1995 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  24. ^ a b c d e "1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "1997 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "1998 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "1999 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  28. ^ a b c d e "2000 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  29. ^ a b c d e "2001 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "2002 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  31. ^ a b c d e "2003 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  32. ^ a b c d e "2004 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  33. ^ a b c d e "2005 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  34. ^ a b c d e "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  35. ^ a b c d e "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  36. ^ a b c d e "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  37. ^ a b c d e "2009 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  38. ^ a b c d e "2010 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  39. ^ a b c d e "2011 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "2012 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  41. ^ a b c d e "2013 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  42. ^ a b c d e "2014 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 

External links[edit]