Sempor Dam

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Sempor Dam
Sempor Dam is located in Indonesia
Sempor Dam
Location of Sempor Dam
Country Indonesia
Location District Gombong, Kebumen, Central Java Province
Coordinates 7°33′59.78″S 109°29′10.12″E / 7.5666056°S 109.4861444°E / -7.5666056; 109.4861444Coordinates: 7°33′59.78″S 109°29′10.12″E / 7.5666056°S 109.4861444°E / -7.5666056; 109.4861444
Purpose Power, water supply, flood control, recreation
Status Operational
Construction began 1967
Opening date 1978; 37 years ago (1978)
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, rock-fill
Impounds Sempor River
Height 58 m (190 ft)
Reservoir
Total capacity 56,900,000 m3 (46,100 acre·ft)
Surface area 43 km2 (17 sq mi)
Power station
Commission date 1978
Turbines 1 x 1 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 1 MW

Sempor Dam is an embankment dam on the Sempor River in District Gombong, Kebumen, Central Java Province, Republic of Indonesia.[1][2] In addition to being a tourist attraction Sempor Dam is a source of irrigation water for farmers.[3] It helps irrigate thousands of paddy fields in the delta.[3] It also provides for flood control and has a 1 MW hydroelectric power station at its base. Construction on the dam started in 1967 but in the same year water from flash floods over-topped it, causing the dam to fail. The wave of water killed over 2,000 people downstream and delivered widespread damage to the area.[4][5] Construction later restarted on the dam and it was completed in 1978. Its power station was later commissioned in 1980.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mukhammad Najib (2013). "Waduk Sempor di Gombong, Tak Kalah Cantik dengan Jatiluhur" (in Indonesian). travel.detik.com. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Markus Sugeng Budhi Prasetyo (2012). "Waduk Sempor, Kesejukan di Tengah Panasnya Kebumen" (in Indonesian). travel.detik.com. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Waduk Sempor". Pemerintah Kabupaten Kebumen. 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Christian, John T. (28 August 2002). "Dam Failure" (PDF). Colorado University. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Wohl, Ellen (2013). Mountain Rivers Revisited. John Wiley & Sons. p. 338. ISBN 1118671562. 
  6. ^ "Mrica HEPP" (PDF). Indonesia Power – Generation Business Unit. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Countries, regions, transboundary river basins (Search 'Indonesia' and 'dams')". United Nations FAO. Retrieved 14 May 2014.