|United States Senator
January 3, 2013
Serving with Mark Warner
|Preceded by||Jim Webb|
|51st Chairperson of the Democratic National Committee|
January 21, 2009 – April 5, 2011
|Preceded by||Howard Dean|
|Succeeded by||Debbie Wasserman Schultz|
|70th Governor of Virginia|
January 14, 2006 – January 16, 2010
|Preceded by||Mark Warner|
|Succeeded by||Bob McDonnell|
|38th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|
January 14, 2002 – January 14, 2006
|Preceded by||John Hager|
|Succeeded by||Bill Bolling|
|76th Mayor of Richmond|
July 1, 1998 – September 10, 2001
|Preceded by||Larry Chavis|
|Succeeded by||Rudolph McCollum|
|Born||Timothy Michael Kaine
February 26, 1958
St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Anne Holton (1984–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Missouri (B.A.)
Harvard Law School (J.D.)
Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine (born February 26, 1958) is an American politician who is the junior United States Senator from the Commonwealth of Virginia. A member of the Democratic Party, Kaine was first elected to the Senate in 2012.
Born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Kaine is a graduate of Harvard Law School. Kaine began his career as a clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit before entering private practice and becoming a lecturer at the University of Richmond School of Law. Kaine was first elected to public office in 1995, when he won a seat on the Richmond, Virginia City Council. He was then elected Mayor of Richmond, Virginia in 1998, serving in that position until being elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2002.
In 2005, after incumbent Democratic Governor Mark Warner was term limited, Kaine declared his candidacy for Governor of Virginia. Kaine won in an uncontested Democratic primary, and faced Republican Attorney General Jerry Kilgore in the general election; Kaine won with 51% of the vote, to Kilgore's 46%. Kaine served as Governor from 2006 to 2010. Upon becoming Governor, Kaine gave the Democratic response to the 2006 State of the Union Address. He was considered a top contender for running mate in Senator Barack Obama's successful 2008 presidential campaign, but instead became the 51st Chairperson of the Democratic National Committee, serving from 2009 to 2011.
In 2012, after incumbent Senator Jim Webb announced that he would retire, Kaine declared his candidacy for the U.S. Senate. Kaine prevailed in the Democratic primary and faced former Senator and Virginia Governor George Allen in the general election. On November 6, 2012, Kaine won with 53% of the vote, to Allen's 47%. Kaine was sworn into office on January 3, 2013.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Mayor of Richmond (1998-2001)
- 3 Lieutenant governor (2002-2005)
- 4 2005 Gubernatorial election
- 5 Governor of Virginia (2006-2010)
- 6 2008 vice presidential speculation
- 7 Democratic Party chairman (2009-2011)
- 8 United States Senate
- 9 Political positions
- 10 Electoral history
- 11 References
- 12 Further reading
- 13 External links
Early life and education
Kaine was born at Saint Joseph's Hospital in Saint Paul, Minnesota. He is the son of Mary Kathleen (née Burns) and Albert Alexander Kaine, Jr., who worked as a welder and owned a small iron-working shop. He was raised Catholic. His father is of Scottish and Irish descent, and his mother is of Irish ancestry. Kaine grew up in the Kansas City area and graduated from Rockhurst High School in Kansas City, Missouri.
Kaine graduated from the University of Missouri with a B.A. in economics in 1979. Kaine was a Coro Foundation fellow in Kansas City in 1978. He attended Harvard Law School, taking a year-long break during law school to work with the Jesuit order as a Catholic missionary in Honduras. Kaine is fluent in Spanish as a result of his year in Honduras. He graduated from Harvard Law School in 1983 with a Juris Doctor, and was admitted to the Virginia Bar. He clerked for Judge R. Lanier Anderson III of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. In 1984, Kaine married former Richmond Juvenile Court Judge Anne Holton. Holton is the daughter of former Virginia governor A. Linwood Holton, Jr. Kaine and Holton have three children, Nat, Woody, and Annella.
Kaine practiced law in Richmond for 17 years, specializing in representing people who had been denied housing opportunities because of their race or disability. He was recognized by local, state, and national organizations for his advocacy of fair housing. He also taught legal ethics for six years at the University of Richmond Law School. More than ten years into his legal career in 1994, he was elected to the city council of the independent city of Richmond from the portion of the city in which he resided under Richmond's system of nine wards.
Mayor of Richmond (1998-2001)
He was elected mayor of Richmond by the city council in 1998. (Until 2004, the mayor of Richmond was chosen by the city council from among its membership; under the present system, the mayor is chosen by popular vote.) He spent seven years on the city council, including two terms as mayor.
Under Kaine's leadership, Richmond saw the construction of its first new schools in a generation, tax cuts, and a reduction in the city’s crime rate. Richmond’s success in reducing violent crime, including a 55 percent drop in the city's homicide rate during his tenure, earned national recognition from Presidents Clinton and Bush and the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Richmond's economic success during Kaine’s tenure earned the city its first-ever listing in Forbes Magazine’s annual ranking of the top 10 cities in America for doing business.
As mayor, Kaine gained national attention following the implementation of a gun law known as Project Exile, an initiative that moved trials for armed defendants to federal court, which has stiffer sentencing guidelines.
During his tenure as Mayor, Kaine drew criticism for designating public funds for an anti-gun-violence rally. After a constituent raised concerns about the funding at a Richmond City Council meeting, Kaine raised the money privately and reimbursed the city.
Lieutenant governor (2002-2005)
In the Virginia general elections of November 2001, Kaine ran for lieutenant governor and won with 925,974 votes (50.35%). His opponents were Republican state Delegate Jay Katzen, with 883,886 votes (48.06%) and Libertarian Gary Reams, with 28,783 votes (1.57%). Kaine was inaugurated on January 12, 2002. As lieutenant governor, he also served as president of the Virginia Senate.
2005 Gubernatorial election
In 2005, Kaine ran for and won the office of governor of Virginia in the November general election, defeating Republican former Attorney General Jerry W. Kilgore with 52% of the vote to Kilgore's 46%.
An underdog for most of the race, Kaine led in some polls for the first time in October 2005, and held his lead into the final week before the election. While the previous Democratic Governor, Mark Warner, was credited with doing especially well for a Democrat in rural areas of the commonwealth, Kaine's win featured surprising triumphs in traditionally Republican areas such as Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, and the Northern Virginia exurbs of Prince William County and Loudoun County, as well as impressive showings in Democratic strongholds such as Richmond and Norfolk.
Kaine closely associated himself with popular outgoing Democratic Governor Mark Warner during his campaign; he won his race with a slightly smaller portion of the vote than Warner did, but achieved a slightly wider margin on account of the third-party candidate's comparatively greater success in 2005. A number of factors, from the poll numbers of President George W. Bush to public reaction to the death penalty ads run by Kilgore, have also been cited as contributing to his decisive win. Kaine was inaugurated in Williamsburg on January 14, 2006. Upon his inauguration, he became the first Catholic Governor in Virginia history.
Governor of Virginia (2006-2010)
Democratic response to State of the Union address
On January 31, 2006, Kaine gave the Democratic response to President Bush's 2006 State of the Union address. In his response, he argued that the Republicans failed to support bipartisanship in Washington and he condemned Bush's spending increases and tax cuts as "reckless".
Budget special session
In March 2006, after the Virginia General Assembly failed to come up with a budget, Kaine called for a special session that continued until June. The debate was over transportation issues and how to fund current and new projects. Most of the debate originated in a struggle within the Republican-controlled Senate and House of Delegates. In 2007, however, a transportation bill was passed and signed into law by Kaine.
In May 2006, Governor Kaine announced his plan to protect 400,000 acres (1,600 km2) of Virginia land from development before the end of his service as Governor of Virginia. Kaine's conservation efforts focus on encouraging landowners to donate protective easements that restrict development. As of 2007, according to government statistics, Maryland spends as much as $21 per capita on land conservation, while Virginia spends $1.45. On the other hand, Virginia also has a higher proportion of its total land area under permanent protection than many other states, with about 13.69% of it currently protected.
Civil War records
Kaine has signaled his support for vaccinating sixth-grade girls in Virginia with the HPV vaccine. In 2007, Virginia, along with 20 other states, was considering a law to expand such vaccinations. Accordingly, in 2007, the Republican-controlled state legislature passed a law that mandated such vaccinations, while allowing parents to opt out of the requirement without citing a reason. After expressing "some qualms", Kaine signed the bill into law.
Virginia Tech massacre
When news of the Virginia Tech massacre broke, Kaine canceled a trade mission to Japan and India to attend to the situation. Kaine spoke at the convocation held in Blacksburg the day after the shooting in which he invoked the Biblical story of Job. Kaine said he would appoint a panel of independent law-enforcement officials to determine what the university knew about the student responsible for the massacre, which resulted in the deaths of 32 people.
The commission, led by former Virginia State Police Superintendent Gerald Massengill and former U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge, began work on April 28, 2007, and issued its findings and recommendations on August 30, 2007. On April 30, 2007, Governor Kaine signed an executive order instructing state agencies to step up efforts to block gun sales to people involuntarily committed to inpatient and outpatient mental health treatment centers. Kaine's quick return to the state and his handling of the issue received widespread praise.
During the 2008 General Assembly session, Governor Kaine backed a $22 million proposal to make pre-kindergarten education more accessible to at-risk four-year-olds.
Kaine appointed Dr. Esam Omeish to the Virginia Commission on Immigration, which was examining whether Virginia should do more to restrict illegal immigration. In September 2007, Omeish resigned as a commission member—as requested by Kaine—three hours after remarks made by Omeish on a call-in show on WRVA radio in Richmond were brought to Kaine's attention, specifically his criticisms of the Israel lobby and call for Bush's impeachment on account of the Iraq War. "I have been made aware of certain statements he has made which concern me," Kaine said in accepting Omeish's resignation. Kaine added that background checks would be more thorough in the future.
Coal power plant
- Chief of Staff — William Leighty (2006–07), Wayne Turnage (2007–10)
- Secretary of Administration – Viola Baskerville (2006–10)
- Secretary of Agriculture and Forestry – Robert Bloxom (2006–10)
- Secretary of Commerce and Trade – Patrick Gottschalk (2006–10)
- Secretary of the Commonwealth – Katherine Hanley (2006–10)
- Secretary of Education – Thomas Morris (2006–10)
- Secretary of Finance – Jody Wagner (2006–2008), Richard D. Brown (2008–10)
- Secretary of Health and Human Resources – Marilyn Tavenner (2006–10)
- Secretary of Natural Resources – Preston Bryant (2006–10)
- Secretary of Public Safety – John W. Marshall (2006–10)
- Secretary of Technology – Aneesh Chopra (2006–09), Leonard M. Pomata (2009–10)
- Secretary of Transportation – Pierce Homer (2006–10)
- Assistant for Commonwealth Preparedness – Robert P. Crouch (2006–10)
- Senior Advisor for Workforce – Daniel G. LeBlanc (2006–10)
2008 vice presidential speculation
Kaine was considered as a possible running mate for Barack Obama in 2008, but was not chosen. Kaine first supported Senator Obama's presidential bid in February 2007. It was maintained that Kaine's endorsement was the first from a state-wide elected official outside of Illinois Since Kaine was a relatively popular governor of a southern state, there was media speculation that he was a potential nominee for Vice President. Obama had supported Kaine in his campaign for governor and had said about him: "Tim Kaine has a message of fiscal responsibility and generosity of spirit. That kind of message can sell anywhere." On July 28, 2008, Politico.com reported that Kaine was "very, very high" on Obama's shortlist for vice president, a list which also included then Senator Hillary Clinton of New York, Governor Kathleen Sebelius of Kansas, Senator Evan Bayh of Indiana, and Senator Joe Biden of Delaware. Obama ultimately selected Biden to become the vice-presidential nominee.
Democratic Party chairman (2009-2011)
In January 2009, Kaine became the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee. He took the position at the request of President Obama, and during his tenure he oversaw a significant expansion of the party's grassroots focus through Organizing for America.
In February 2011, it was reported that President Obama had joined Wisconsin's budget battle and would oppose the Republican anti-union bill. The Washington Post reported that Organizing for America, the political operation for the White House, got involved after Kaine spoke to union leaders in Madison. They made phone calls, sent emails, and distributed messages via Facebook and Twitter to work on building crowds for the rallies.
United States Senate
Kaine announced on April 5, 2011 that he would run for United States Senate in 2012, following Senator Jim Webb's decision not to seek re-election. Kaine filmed announcement videos in English and Spanish. Kaine was unopposed for the Democratic nomination. Kaine defeated former Senator and Governor George Allen in the general election. Mike Henry was chosen as Kaine's campaign manager.
Kaine was sworn in for a six-year term on January 3, 2013, reuniting him with Mark Warner, the senior senator. When Warner was governor of Virginia, Kaine was his lieutenant governor.
On 11 June 2013, Kaine delivered a speech on the Senate floor in support of the bi-partisan "Gang of Eight" immigration bill. The speech was entirely in Spanish, marking the first time a Senator had ever made a speech on the Senate floor in a language other than English.
In July 2013, Kaine was named chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on the Budget
- Committee on Foreign Relations
Tim Kaine, a Roman Catholic, is privately against abortion for religious reasons, but opposes overturning Roe v. Wade. On his 2012 Senate campaign website he says, "I strongly support the right of women to make their own health and reproductive decisions and, for that reason, will oppose efforts to weaken or subvert the basic holding of Roe v. Wade." Abortion is treated as an "individual right."
Kaine claims that he has encouraged policymakers to focus on bringing down the number of abortions by reducing teen pregnancy through abstinence-focused education, ensuring women's access to health care and contraception, and promoting adoption. He supports some legal restrictions on abortion, such as requiring parental consent and banning partial-birth abortions in cases where the woman's life is not at risk.
On the issue of the war in Afghanistan, Tim Kaine's website states "The main mission in Afghanistan--destroying Al Qaeda--is nearly complete and we should bring our troops home as quickly as we can, consistent with the need to make sure that Afghanistan poses no danger in the broader region."
Despite his personal opposition to capital punishment, often cited during the 2005 campaign by both sides, Kaine oversaw eleven executions as Governor, including the execution of John Allen Muhammad, the Beltway Sniper, on November 10, 2009. He has vetoed eight death-penalty expansion bills although some of the vetoes were overturned, and opposed the electric chair as an option. On June 9, 2008, Kaine commuted the death sentence of Percy Levar Walton to life in prison without parole.
Kaine supported passage of the Affordable Care Act, commonly known as ObamaCare. On this issue, Kaine said, “I was a supporter and remain a supporter of the Affordable Care Act. I felt like it was a statement that we were going to put some things in the rear view mirror.”
On September 27, 2013, Kaine voted to restore funding for ObamaCare as part of an amendment to legislation funding government operations for 45 days, and which also omitted House-passed language prioritizing debt payments if Congress fails to increase the nation’s borrowing limits.
When talking about gay marriage in 2005, Kaine said that "No couples in Virginia can adopt other than a married couple -- that's the right policy. Gay individuals should be able to adopt." In 2011, however, Kaine would change his position and become more open to the idea of adoption. Kaine said he believed that the judges would be able to make effective case-by-case analyses when dealing with unmarried couples applying to be possible parents. He said that he was open to consideration being made available to all couples, regardless of whether they are gay or straight.
On May 8, 2012, Kaine said that "There should be a license that would entitle a committed couple to the same rights as a married couple." In March 2013, Kaine announced his support of same-sex marriage.
Kaine says that he supports allowing the Bush tax cuts to expire for those with high incomes. Kaine also stated during a debate that he would be open to establishing a minimum tax that everyone must pay.
Kaine supports removing the cap on income subject to Social Security taxes. He said, "For Social Security, we can raise the income payroll tax cap so that it covers a similar percentage of income as it did in the 1980s under President Reagan, which would greatly extend the solvency of the program."
Kaine supports a new internet sales tax that would impose a sales tax on online sellers and require them to pay taxes to states where they have no physical presence. Sellers in states with low sales taxes, like Virginia, would be required to pay a higher sales tax directly to other states.
|Virginia Senate Election 2012 |
|Virginia Gubernatorial Election 2005|
|Virginia Lieutenant Governor Election 2001|
|Republican||Jay K. Katzen||883,886||48.0|
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- Official Site of the Governor of Virginia
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- Johnson, Carrie (2000-05-20). "Spending For March Criticized; City's Cost For Buses Higher Than Expected". Richmond Times-Dispatch (Media General). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- Johnson, Carrie (2000-07-08). "Discretionary Funds Debated". Richmond Times-Dispatch (Media General). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- Meola, David Ress, and Tyler Whitley, Olympia (2008-08-03). "On Kaine the uniter, views split". Richmond Times-Dispatch (Media General). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- Johnson, Carrie (2000-05-17). "Richmond Subsidizes Buses for Million Mom Marchers". Richmond Times-Dispatch (print edition only) (Media General).
- Johnson, Carrie (2000-06-13). "Kaine To Raise Money For Rally, Other Council Members Opposed To Use Of Discretionary Fund". Richmond Times-Dispatch (Media General). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- Official Election Results – Virginia State Board of Elections
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- VA: Kaine 49% Kilgore 46% – Rasmussen Reports, November 4, 2005
- Shear, Michael D. (October 18, 2005). "Kaine Sounds Slow-Growth Note in Exurbs". Washington Post.
- "Death penalty demagoguery". (October 13, 2005). The Roanoke Times.
- "RealClear Politics – 2005 Virginia Gubernatorial Election". Retrieved November 4, 2005.
- Democratic Response to George W. Bush's Sixth State of the Union Address
- House Bill 3202
- Regional Parks: Governor Kaine sets aggressive land conservation goal
- Roanoke Times. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
- Virginia Land Conservation Statistics, by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
- Press Release
- Press Release
- Craig, Tim (March 3, 2007). "Kaine Says He'll Sign Bill Making Shots Mandatory". Washington Post.
- Tim Craig (May 1, 2007). "Ban on Sale Of Guns to Mentally Ill Is Expanded". Washington Post. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
- Vozzella, Laura (2 November 2012). "A look at the Virginia Senate candidates’ records as governor". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- Alec MacGillis (September 7, 2006). "No Tunnel For Tysons, Kaine Says". Washington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2008.
- Tim Kaine Official Website (August 6, 2008). "Southside Child Development Tour". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- "Virginia Governor Tim Kaine Accepts Resignation of Controversial Appointee", FOX News, September 27, 2007, accessed December 9, 2009
- "Immigration official resigns after 'jihad' remark; Muslim appointee to immigration panel seen in video condemning Israel", Associated Press, September 27, 2007, accessed December 9, 2009
- Craig, Tim (March 30, 2008). "Kaine Says Coal-Burning Power Plant Is Necessary". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- "CCAN: Stop the Wise County Coal Plant!". Chesapeakeclimate.org. 2008-05-08. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- "Sources: Bayh, Kaine out of Obama's VP race - Politics". msnbc.com. Associated Press. 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- YouTube – Gov. Tim Kaine Supports Barack Obama
- Vice President pool swimming with governors – National, Michigan State & Local Elections 2008 News & Polls – MLive.com
- Vetting Obama's 'man' Washington Times August 3, 2008
- Kaine very high on Obama's short VP list- Politico. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- The New York Times http://elections.nytimes.com/2008/president/candidates/vice-presidents.html
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- "Obama introduces Biden as running mate - CNN.com". CNN. August 23, 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- Dennis, Brady; Wallsten, Peter (18 February 2011). "Obama joins Wisconsin's budget battle, opposing Republican anti-union bill". Washington Post. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- Cillizza, Chris (2011-04-05) "Tim Kaine announces for Senate in Virginia", Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- O'Brien, Michael (2011-04-05) "Tim Kaine launches Virginia Senate bid", The Hill. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "Kaine hits the road to tout economic plan", Washington Post. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- "Republicans fight to reclaim the Senate majority: 2012 races to watch". ABC. 1 June 2012.
- Steve Hendrix (18 Oct 2012). "Tim Kaine's convictions and ambitions". Washington Post.
- Peralta, Eyder (13 June 2013). "With A Speech In Spanish, Tim Kaine Makes Senate History". NPR. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- Tim Kaine on Abortion, www.OnTheIssues.org
- "On the Issues: Abortion". Kaine2005.org. Tim Kaine for Governor. October 2005. Retrieved 5 April 2011.
- "Kaine: Keep Roe, Hussein Needed to Go". Political Radar (ABC News). July 31, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008.
- Recent Legislative Activity
- Recent legislative Activity
- Kaine: Electrocution Should Not be Execution Option
- Gov. Kaine commutes Percy Walton’s death sentence, WSLS News, June 9, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > S.Amdt.1974". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- Marc, Fisher (March 1, 2005). "Kaine-Kilgore Race Will Be Waged on GOP's Chosen Turf". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "On whether judges should be allowed to place children with gay couples who wish to adopt.". PolitiFact. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Pershing, Ben (May 8, 2012). "Tim Kaine pressed on gay marriage stance". The Washington Post.
- "The Fix". The Washington Post.
- "How I Won by Gov. Tim Kaine". DLC. 2006-02-09. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Pershing, Ben (October 8, 2012). "Virginia Politics". The Washington Post.
- Hicks, Josh (October 10, 2012). "Tim Kaine vs. George Allen, Part 2". The Washington Post.
- "November 6, 2012 General Election Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- 2005 campaign contributions at the Virginia Public Access Project
- Mason Asks: Tim Kaine Mike Lucier, "Mason Votes", April 27, 2012
- Moving Virginia Forward Archived Web Site, 2007 part of Virginia's Political Landscape, 2007 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- Moving Virginia Forward Archived Web Site, 2009 part of Virginia's Political Landscape, 2009 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- Tim Kaine for Governor Archived Web Site, 2005-2006 part of Virginia's Political Landscape, Fall 2005 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- Governor Tim Kaine Administration Web Site Archive, 2006-2010
- Kaine Email Project at LVA at Virginia Memory
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Timothy M. Kaine