Federal Senate

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Federal Senate
Senado Federal do Brasil
54th Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
Unlimited 8-year terms
Leadership
President of the Federal Senate
Renan Calheiros (PMDB)
since February 1, 2013
First Vice President of the Federal Senate
Jorge Viana (PT)
since February 1, 2013
Second Vice President of the Federal Senate
Romero Jucá (PMDB)
since February 1, 2013
Majority Leader
Eunício Oliveira (PMDB)
since February 1, 2013
Minority Leader
Mário Couto (PSDB)
since January 31, 2013
Structure
Seats 81
Senado Brasil - maio.2013.svg
Political groups

Government (as of May, 2013):

  •      PMDB (20)
  •      PT (12)
  •      PTB (6)
  •      PDT (5)
  •      PP (5)
  •      PR (5)
  •      PSB (4)
  •      PCdoB (2)
  •      PSD (2)
  •      PRB (1)
  •      PSC (1)
  •      PV (1)

Opposition:

  •      PSDB (12)
  •      DEM (4)
  •      PSOL (1)
Elections
Last election
October 3, 2010
Meeting place
Senado2006.jpg
National Congress Building
Brasília
Federal District
Brazil
Website
http://www.senado.gov.br
Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Brazil
Foreign relations

The Federal Senate (Portuguese: Senado Federal do Brasil) is the upper house of the National Congress of Brazil. Created by the first Constitution of the Brazilian Empire in 1824, it was inspired by the United Kingdom's House of Lords,[1] but with the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889 it became closer to the United States Senate.

Currently, the Senate comprises 81 seats. Three Senators from each of the 26 states and three Senators from the Federal District are elected on a majority basis to serve eight-year terms. Elections are staggered so that two-thirds of the upper house is up for election at one time and the remaining one-third four years later. When one seat is up for election in each State, each voter casts one vote for the Senate; when two seats are up for election, each voter casts two votes, and the voter cannot give his two votes for the same candidate, but, in elections for the renewal of two-thirds of the Senate, each party can present two candidates for election. The candidate in each State and the Federal District (or the first two candidates, when two thirds of the seats are up for election) who achieve the greatest plurality of votes are elected.

The current president of the Brazilian Senate is Renan Calheiros, from the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party of Alagoas. He was elected in early 2013 for a two-year term.

History[edit]

The Federal Senate of Brazil was first established, with the name of Senate of the Empire, by the Constitution of 1824, the first enacted after the Declaration of Independence.

Following the independence, in 1822, Emperor Pedro I ordered the convocation of a National Assembly to compose the country's first Constitution. Following several disagreements with the elected deputies (which included representatives from present-day Uruguay, then part of the Brazilian Empire under the name of Província Cisplatina), the Emperor dissolved the Assembly and, in 1824, implemented the first Constitution, in which it was established that the Legislative branch would comprise a lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, and an upper house.

The first configuration of the Senate was a consulting body to the Emperor. Membership was for life and it was a place of great prestige, to which only a small part of the population could aspire.

Members of the Senate were elected, but they had to be at least 40 years old and, which was more significant as a limiting factor, an annual income of 800,000 contos-de-réis was necessary in order to run for office. Furthermore, voters were selected by income as well. In order to be able to vote in the election, any man (women did not vote in the Brazilian Empire) was required to have an annual income of at least 200,000 contos-de-réis. But those who qualified to vote with this income would not vote directly for the Senators; instead, they voted for other people, who were candidates to be Senator electors. In order to run for this position, a minimal annual income of 400,000 contos-de-réis was required. Once elected, these electors would vote for senator. The election itself would not turn out a winner automatically. The three highest-voted candidates in each circumscription would make up what was called a "triple list", from which the Emperor would select one individual that would be considered "elected". The Emperor usually picked the highest-voted individual, but it was within his discretion to select whichever of the three individuals listed. The only exception for these rules were the Princes of the Brazilian Imperial House, who were senators by right and would take a seat in the Senate upon reaching 25 years old.

The original Senate had 50 members, representing all of the Empire's Provinces, each with a number of senators proportional to its population.

The first session of the first Senate took place on May 1826, following repeated delays from the Emperor in calling the first election after the inception of the 1824 Constitution; which had led to repeated accusations that the Emperor would be attempting to establish an absolutist government.

Current Senators[edit]

Federative Unit Senator Party Birth city Term Notes
Acre Aníbal Diniz
PT
Rio Branco, AC
2010–2015 Substitute of Tião Viana, elected State Governor of Acre.
Jorge Viana
PT
Rio Branco, AC
2011–2019
Sérgio Petecão
PMN
Rio Branco, AC
2011–2019
Alagoas Fernando Collor
PTB
Rio de Janeiro, RJ
2007–2015
Benedito de Lira
PP
Junqueiro, AL
2011–2019
Renan Calheiros
PMDB
Murici, AL
2011–2019 President of the Senate
Amapá Gilvam Borges
PMDB
Brasília, DF
2011–2019 Re-elected.
José Sarney
PMDB
Pinheiro, MA
2007–2015
Randolfe Rodrigues
PSOL
Garanhuns, PE
2011–2019
Amazonas Eduardo Braga
PMDB
Belém, PA
2011–2019
João Pedro
PT
Parintins, AM
2007–2015 Substitute of Alfredo Nascimento, appointed as Minister of Transportation.
Vanessa Grazziotin
PC do B
Videira, SC
2011–2019
Bahia Walter Pinheiro
PT
Salvador, BA
2011–2019
Lídice da Mata
PSB
Cachoeira, BA
2011–2019
João Durval
PDT
Feira de Santana, BA
2007–2015
Ceará Inácio Arruda
PCdoB
Fortaleza, CE
2007–2015
José Pimentel
PT
Picos, PI
2011–2019
Eunício Oliveira
PMDB
Lavras da Mangabeira, CE
2011–2019
Distrito Federal Rodrigo Rollemberg
PSB
Rio de Janeiro, RJ
2011–2019
Cristovam Buarque
PDT
Recife, PE
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Gim Argello
PTB
São Vicente, SP
2007–2015 Substitute of Joaquim Roriz.
Espírito Santo Magno Malta
PR
Itapetinga, BA
2011–2010 Re-elected.
Ricardo Ferraço
PMDB
Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, ES
2011–2019
Ana Rita Esgario
PT
Conceição do Castelo, ES
2011–2015 Substitute of Renato Casagrande, elected State Governor of Espírito Santo.
Goiás Wilder Pedro de Morais
DEM
2011–2019 Replaced Demóstenes Torres, removed from office for breach of parliamentary ethics.
Lúcia Vânia
PSDB
Cumari, GO
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Cyro Miranda Júnior
PSDB
São José do Rio Preto, SP
2010–2015 Substitute of Marconi Perillo, elected State Governor of Goiás.
Maranhão Epitácio Cafeteira
PTB
João Pessoa, PB
2007–2015
João Alberto Souza
PMDB
São Vicente Ferrer, MA
2011–2019
Lobão Filho
PMDB
Brasília, DF
2011–2019 Substitute of Edison Lobão, appointed Minister of Mines and Energy.
Mato Grosso Jayme Campos
DEM
Várzea Grande, MT
2007–2015
Blairo Maggi
PR
Torres, RS
2011–2019
Pedro Taques
PDT
Cuiabá, MT
2011–2019
Mato Grosso do Sul Delcídio Amaral
PT
Corumbá, MS
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Marisa Serrano
PSDB
Bela Vista, MS
2007–2015
Waldemir Moka
PMDB
Cáceres, MT
2011–2019
Minas Gerais Aécio Neves
PSDB
Belo Horizonte, MG
2011–2019 Leader of the Opposition in the Senate.
Clésio Andrade
PR
Juatuba, MG
2011–2014 Substitute of Eliseu Resende, deceased.
Zezé Perrela 2011–2019 Substitute of Itamar Franco, deceased.
Pará Flexa Ribeiro
PSDB
Belém, PA
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Marinor Brito
PSOL
Alenquer, PA
2011–2019
Mário Couto
PSDB
Belém, PA
2007–2015
Paraíba Cícero Lucena
PSDB
São José de Piranhas, PB
2007–2015
Vital do Rego Filho
PMDB
Campina Grande, PB
2011–2019
Wilson Santiago
PMDB
Uiraúna, PB
2011–2019
Paraná Álvaro Dias
PSDB
Quatá, SP
2007–2015
Sérgio de Souza
PMDB
Ivaiporã, PR
2011–2019 Substitute of Gleisi Hoffmann, appointed as Chief of Staff
Roberto Requião
PMDB
Curitiba, PR
2011–2019
Pernambuco Jarbas Vasconcelos
PMDB
Vicência, PE
2007–2015
Humberto Costa
PT
Campinas, SP
2011–2019
Armando Monteiro
PTB
Recife, PE
2011–2019
Piauí Ciro Nogueira
PP
Teresina, PI
2011–2019
João Vicente Claudino
PTB
Cajazeiras, PB
2007–2015
Wellington Dias
PT
Teresina, PI
2011–2019
Rio de Janeiro Francisco Dornelles
PP
Belo Horizonte, MG
2007–2015
Marcelo Crivella
PRB
Rio de Janeiro, RJ
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Lindbergh Farias
PT
João Pessoa, PB
2011–2019
Rio Grande do Norte Paulo Davim
PV
Natal, RN
2011–2019 Substitute of Garibaldi Alves Filho, appointed as Minister of Social Security
José Agripino
DEM
Mossoró, RN
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Garibaldi Alves
PMDB
Angicos, RN
2011–2015 Substitute of Rosalba Ciarlini, elected State Governor of Rio Grande do Norte.
Rio Grande do Sul Paulo Paim
PT
Caxias do Sul, RS
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Pedro Simon
PMDB
Caxias do Sul, RS
2007–2015 Re-elected.
Ana Amélia Lemos
PP
Lagoa Vermelha, RS
2011–2019
Rondônia Acir Gurgacz
PDT
Cascavel, PR
2007–2015 Took office after Expedito Júnior had his term revoked.
Ivo Cassol
PP
Concórdia, SC
2011–2019
Valdir Raupp
PMDB
São João do Sul, SC
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Roraima Angela Portela
PT
Coreaú, CE
2011–2019
Mozarildo Cavalcanti
PTB
Boa Vista, RR
2007–2015
Romero Jucá
PMDB
Recife, PE
2011–2019 Re-elected. Leader of the Government in the Senate.
Santa Catarina Luiz Henrique da Silveira
PMDB
Blumenau, SC
2011–2019
Paulo Bauer
PSDB
Blumenau, SC
2011–2019
Casildo Maldaner
PMDB
Carazinho, RS
2011–2015 Substitute of Raimundo Colombo, elected State Governor of Santa Catarina.
São Paulo Aloysio Nunes
PSDB
São José do Rio Preto, SP
2011–2019
Eduardo Suplicy
PT
São Paulo, SP
2007–2015
Marta Suplicy
PT
São Paulo, SP
2011–2019
Sergipe Eduardo Amorim
PSC
Itabaiana, SE
2011–2019
Antônio Carlos Valadares
PSB
Simão Dias, SE
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Maria do Carmo Alves
DEM
Cedro de São João, SE
2007–2015
Tocantins João Ribeiro
PR
Campo Alegre de Goiás, GO
2011–2019 Re-elected.
Kátia Abreu
DEM
Goiânia, GO
2007–2015
Vicentinho Alves
PR
Porto Nacional, TO
2011–2019

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Senado Federal completa hoje 185 anos". R7 (in Portuguese). 6 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012. "O Senado Federal foi criado com a primeira Constituição do Império, outorgada em 1824, inspirado, primeiramente, na Câmara dos Lordes da Grã-Bretanha. Sua primeira reunião ocorreu em 6 de maio de 1826." 

External links[edit]