Senate (Haiti)

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Haiti
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The Senate (French: Sénat) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the Nippes Department in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.

After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections are scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats will be open.


e • d Summary of the 7 February 2006 Haiti Senate election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Hope (Fwon Lespwa/Front de l'Espoir) 768,487 18.95 13
Rally of Progressive National Democrats (Rassemblement des Démocrates Nationaux Progressistes) 433,438 10.69 1
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (Fusion des Sociaux-Démocrates Haïtiens) 400,852 9.89 4
Fanmi Lavalas 330,413 8.15 2
Struggling People's Organization (Oganizasyon Pèp Kap Lité) 243,047 5.99 3
Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (Union Nationale Chrétienne pour la Reconstruction d’Haïti) 174,757 4.31 2
L'Artibonite in Action (Latibonit an Aksyon / L’Artibonite en Action) 110,775 2.73 2
Democratic Alliance Party (Alyans/Alliance Démocratique) 247,361 6.10 1
Christian Movement for a New Haiti (Mouvement Chrétien pour une Nouvelle Haïti) 199,711 4.93 0
Mobilization for Haitian Progress (Mobilisation pour le Progrès Haïtien) 149,282 3.68 0
Justice for Peace and Development (Justice pour la Paix et le Développement) 134,437 3.32 0
Tèt Ansanm 97,050 2.39 0
National Reconstruction Front (Front pour la Reconstruction Nationale) 94,600 2.33 0
Broad Centre Right Front (Grand Front Centre Droit) 84,327 2.08 0
Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (Mouvement Indépendant pour la Réconciliation Nationale) 74,895 1.85 1
Bridge (Pont) 45,407 1.12 1
other parties 465,493 11.48 0
Total   100.0 30
Source: E-polityka, Conseil Électoral Provisoire

List of Senate Presidents[edit]

Name Period
César Télémaque 31 December 1806 - February 1807
Jean-Louis Barlatier March 1807 - April 1807
Louis-Auguste Daumec April 1807 - May 1807
Théodat Trichet June 1807 - 1807
Guy Joseph Bonnet 1808 - 4 March 1808
Gabriel David Troy 4 March 1808 - April 1808
Jean-Louis Larose May 1808 - June 1808
Pierre Charles Lys July 1808 - August 1808
Philippe Bourjolly-Modé September 1808 - 18 November 1808
Louis-Auguste Daumec 18 November 1808 -
Jean-Louis Larose ? - Avril 1811
Louis Leroux May 1811 - 1811
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1812
Jean-Louis Larose 1812
Pierre Charles Lys 1813
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1813
Jean-Louis Larose 1814
Louis Leroux 1814 - July 1814
Jean-Louis Larose August 1814 - 1814
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1814 - December 1814
Jean-Louis Larose December 1814 - 1815
Pierre Charles Lys 1815
Joseph Neptune 1815 - January 1816
Casimir Célestin Panayoty January 1816 - 1816
Jean-Baptiste Bayard 1816
Pierre Simon 1817 - August 1817
Jean-Louis Larose August 1817 - ?
Amédé Gayot 1821
Jean-François Lespinasse 1828
Jean-Baptiste Bayard ? - 1834
Joseph Georges June 1834 - July 1834
Noël Vialet July 1834 - 1835
Charles T. Cupidon 1835 - June 1835
Pierre André July 1835 - ?
Louis D. Gilles 1836 - August 1836
Eustache Frémont September 1836 - October 1836
Jean-Pierre Oriol November 1836 - ?
Jose Joachim Del Monte 1837 - 1837
Beaubrun Ardouin 1837
Amédé Gayot 1838 - 1838
Charles Bazelais 1838 - 1838
Beaubrun Ardouin 1838 - 1839
Michel Dupont ? - 7 June 1874
Dasny Labonté 1875
Louis Audain 1876
Aristide Flambert 1877
François Hippolyte 1878 - July 1878
Darius Denis July 1878 - 1879
Morin Montasse 1879
Innocent Michel-Pierre 1880
Morin Montasse 1883 - 1884
Brunis Maignan 1885 - 1888
Néré Numa 1889
Dr. Massillon A. Aubry 1890
Charles Archin 1891
Dulciné Jean-Louis 1891
Brunis Maignan 1892 - 1893
Alexis Dérac 1894
Pierre-Antoine Stewart 1895 - 1896
Cadestin Robert 1897
Vaillant Guillaume 1898 - 1899
François Paulinus Paulin 1909
Sudre Dartiguenave 1913
Stephen Archer 1915
Paul Laraque 1916
Louis S. Zéphirin 1938
Alfred Nemours Auguste 1944
Jean Bélizaire 1946
Charles Fombrun 9 April 1956 – 7 February 1957
Emile Saint-Lot 1957
Antoine Marthold 1959
Déjean Belizaire 29 August 1992 – 31 January 1993
Firmin Jean-Louis 31 January 1993 – 4 February 1994
Bernard Sansaricq 4 February 1994 - October 1994
Firmin Jean-Louis October 1994 - 13 October 1995
Edgard Leblanc 13 October 1995 - ?
Yvon Neptune 28 August 2000 – 14 March 2002
Jean-Marie Fourel Célestin 2002 - ?
Yvon Feuillé ? - January 2004
Joseph Lambert 11 May 2006 - 2006
Kely Bastien 2006 - ?
Jean Rodolphe Joazile ? - 9 January 2012
Simon D. Desras 9 January 2012 – 12 January 2015
Riché Andris 12 January 2015 -

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

  • "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 167. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.