Senate (Haiti)

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The Senate (French: Sénat) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the Nippes Department in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.

After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections are scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats will be open.

e • d Summary of the 7 February 2006 Haiti Senate election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Hope (Fwon Lespwa/Front de l'Espoir) 768,487 18.95 13
Rally of Progressive National Democrats (Rassemblement des Démocrates Nationaux Progressistes) 433,438 10.69 1
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (Fusion des Sociaux-Démocrates Haïtiens) 400,852 9.89 4
Fanmi Lavalas 330,413 8.15 2
Struggling People's Organization (Oganizasyon Pèp Kap Lité) 243,047 5.99 3
Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (Union Nationale Chrétienne pour la Reconstruction d’Haïti) 174,757 4.31 2
L'Artibonite in Action (Latibonit an Aksyon / L’Artibonite en Action) 110,775 2.73 2
Democratic Alliance Party (Alyans/Alliance Démocratique) 247,361 6.10 1
Christian Movement for a New Haiti (Mouvement Chrétien pour une Nouvelle Haïti) 199,711 4.93 0
Mobilization for Haitian Progress (Mobilisation pour le Progrès Haïtien) 149,282 3.68 0
Justice for Peace and Development (Justice pour la Paix et le Développement) 134,437 3.32 0
Tèt Ansanm 97,050 2.39 0
National Reconstruction Front (Front pour la Reconstruction Nationale) 94,600 2.33 0
Broad Centre Right Front (Grand Front Centre Droit) 84,327 2.08 0
Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (Mouvement Indépendant pour la Réconcilation Nationale) 74,895 1.85 1
Bridge (Pont) 45,407 1.12 1
other parties 465,493 11.48 0
Total   100.0 30
Source: E-polityka, Conseil Électoral Provisoire

List of Senate Presidents[edit]

Name Period
Dejean Belizaire
Edgard Gardy Leblanc
Yvon Neptune August 28, 2000-2002
Yvon Feuille ?-2004
Joseph Lambert May 11, 2006-2006
Kely Bastien 2006-Incumbent

See also[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

  • "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 167. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.