Senekerim-Hovhannes

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Senekerim-Hovhannes
King of Vaspurakan
Reign 1003–1021
Coronation 1003
Predecessor Gurgen-Khachik
Successor Byzantine annexation
House Artsruni
Father Abusahl-Hamazasp
Died 1026

Senekerim-Hovhannes Artsruni (Armenian: Սենեքերիմ-Հովհաննես Արծրունի), also known variously as Senekerim-John, Sennecherim or Sennacherib-John, was the sixth and last King of Vaspurakan, from the Artsruni dynasty. On the death of his father Abusahl-Hamazasp in 968, the kingdom was divided among his three sons, and Ashot-Sahak, as the eldest, retained the royal title and the suzerainty over his younger brothers. On his death, royal power was usurped by the second son, Gurgen-Khachik, who reigned as king until his own death in 1003. At that point, Hovhannes-Senekerim also withheld power from his nephews and crowned himself king.

His authority was weak, as the result of the successive usurpations, and his realm was increasingly threatened by Turkmen attacks. He therefore appealed to the protection of the Byzantine emperor Basil II, and in 1021 he handed over his entire kingdom in exchange for vast domains in Sebasteia, where he and 14,000 of his retainers settled. The Kingdom of Vaspurakan became the Byzantine theme of Vasprakania or Media.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Garsoïan, Nina G. (1997). "The Byzantine annexation of the Armenian kingdoms". In Hovhannisian, Richard G. The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Volume 1, The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 187–198. ISBN 0-312-10169-4. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gurgen-Khachik
King of Vaspurakan
1003–1021
Vaspurakan annexed
by the Byzantine Empire