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"Senat" redirects here. For the Polish Senat, see Senate of Poland.
Senet game pieces (Tutankhamun).jpg
A Senet gameboard and game pieces from the KV62 tomb of Tutankhamun—originally from Thebes

Senet (or Senat[1]) is a board game from predynastic and ancient Egypt. The oldest hieroglyph representing a Senet game dates to around 3100 BC.[2] The full name of the game in Egyptian was zn.t n.t ḥˁb meaning the "game of passing".


Senet in hieroglyphs

Senet (Sn.t, "passage/gateway")
Maler der Grabkammer der Nefertari 003.jpg
Painting in tomb of Egyptian Queen Nefertari (1295–1255 BC)

Senet is one of the oldest known board games. It has been found in predynastic and First Dynasty burials of Egypt,[2] c. 3500 BC and 3100 BC respectively. Senet is also featured in a painting from the tomb of Merknera (33002700 BC).[3] Another painting of this ancient game is from the Third Dynasty tomb of Hesy (c. 2686–2613 BC). It is also depicted in a painting in the tomb of Rashepes (c. 2500 BC).[4]

By the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt (15501077 BC), it had become a kind of talisman for the journey of the dead.[citation needed] Because of the element of luck in the game and the Egyptian belief in determinism, it was believed that a successful player was under the protection of the major gods of the national pantheon: Ra, Thoth, and sometimes Osiris.[citation needed] Consequently, Senet boards were often placed in the grave alongside other useful objects for the dangerous journey through the afterlife, and the game is referred to in Chapter XVII of the Book of the Dead.


The Senet gameboard is a grid of 30 squares, arranged in three rows of ten. A Senet board has two sets of pawns (at least five of each and, in some sets, more, as well as shorter games with fewer). The actual rules of the game are a topic of some debate, although historians have made educated guesses.[citation needed]

Senet historians Timothy Kendall and R. C. Bell have each proposed their own sets of rules to play the game.[5] These rules have been adopted by different companies which make Senet sets for sale today.

In modern culture[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Mehen—another ancient Egyptian game
  • Patolli—a game of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures
  • Royal Game of Ur—an ancient Mesopotamian game
  • Tâb—a Middle Eastern game with a similar board


  1. ^ A History of Board Games
  2. ^ a b In Search of the Meaning of Senet by Peter A. Piccione
  3. ^ Pivotto, Carlos et al. "Detection of Negotiation Profile and Guidance to more Collaborative Approaches through Negotiation Games". Retrieved 2014-10-02. 
  4. ^ Metha, Melissa et al. "Perancangan Permainan Media Edukasi Sebagai Pembelajaran Cara Melindungi Diri Dalam Menghadapi Bencana Aalam Bagi Anak Usia 7-12 Tahun". Retrieved 2014-10-06. 
  5. ^ Soubeyrand, Catherine. "The Game of Senet". Retrieved 2014-10-25. 


External links[edit]