Lake Senftenberg

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Lake Senftenberg
(Senftenberger See)
Ausblick aussichtsturm senftenberger see.JPG
Location Landkreis Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Brandenburg
Coordinates 51°30′0″N 14°01′0″E / 51.50000°N 14.01667°E / 51.50000; 14.01667Coordinates: 51°30′0″N 14°01′0″E / 51.50000°N 14.01667°E / 51.50000; 14.01667
Type Artificial lake
Primary inflows Black Elster
Primary outflows Black Elster
Basin countries Germany
Surface area 13.00 km²
Max. depth 28 m
Surface elevation 99 m

Lake Senftenberg (German: Senftenberger See, formerly called Speicherbecken Niemtsch—Niemtsch reservoir) is an artificial lake in Landkreis Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Brandenburg, Germany. It is located in the Lusatian Lake District, a chain of artificial lakes. The lake is located on the border of Lower and Upper Lusatia between the southern Brandenburg city of Senftenberg and its districts Niemtsch and Großkoschen. Lake Senftenberg is one of the largest artificial lakes in Germany with an area of 1300 hectares.

Location[edit]

The convenient location means that the Lake Senftenberg is very popular especially for visitors from Saxony. The journey from Dresden to Lake Senftenberg on Federal Highway 13 takes less than an hour.

History[edit]

The lake was created by the flooding of the former opencast lignite mine of Niemtsch by the Black Elster from 15 November 1967 to November 1972.

The flooding rate was initially at up to 60 cubic metres per minute. To shorten the filling time, another flood channel was opened 40 meters away from the first channel in May 1968. Melt water and rain water meant that the flooding rate increased to up to 140 cubic metres of water per minute.[1]

Since the commissioning of the first beach section in 1973, the lake has enjoyed great popularity as a recreational area with holidaymakers, bathers, surfers and sailors. Of a total of 18 kilometres of shoreline, 7 km are considered to be beaches. After 1990, embankments were built on large sections, because the variable water level threatened to cause large parts of the lake edge to collapse. The depth of the lake was initially 40 metres, but more recent measurements have found no points deeper than 25 metres.

Senftenberg town harbour

From December 2010 to April 2013, a town harbour was built in Senftenberg. It was opened on 23 April 2013. It created a marina with over 100 boat moorings, an 80 metre-long floating pier and a harbour building. The construction costs amounted to €13 million.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Information sign on Lake Senftenberg at the former flood channel

References[edit]

  • Christoph Bernhardt (2002). "Von der „Mondlandschaft“ zur sozialistischen „Erholungslandschaft“? Die Niederlausitz als Exerzierfeld der Regionalplanung in der DDR-Zeit.". In Günter Bayerl and Dirk Maier. Die Niederlausitz vom 18. Jahrhundert bis heute: Eine gestörte Kulturlandschaft? (in German). Münster: Waxmann. pp. 301–323. ISBN 3-8309-1197-1.  (Cottbuser Studien zur Geschichte von Technik, Arbeit und Umwelt, 19, historical planning perspective).
  • Ute Jochinke und Ulf Jacob: (2003). ""Eine neue Heimat im allerbesten Sinn". Der Senftenberger See und die Knappheitsproblematik im "real existierenden Sozialismus" der DDR". In Stephan Beetz, Ulf Jacob und Anton Sterbling. Soziologie über die Grenzen. Europäische Perspektiven (in German). Hamburg: Krämer. pp. 503–529. ISBN 3-89622-060-8.  (Festschrift for Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Bálint Balla on his 75th birthday)
  • Ute Jochinke und Ulf Jacob (2004). "Unsere Heimat DDR. Das Erholungsgebiet Senftenberger See als sozialistische Freizeitoase". In Ulf Jacob und Ute Jochinke. Oasen der Moderne. Stadt- und Landschaftsgestaltungen im Lausitzer Revier (in German). Husum: Verlag der Kunstder Kunst, Dresden in der Verlagsgruppe Husum. pp. 86–118. ISBN 3-86530-065-0. 
  • Torsten Meyer (2005). "Der Senftenberger See, oder das Ende der Mondlandschaft?". Jahrbuch für Regionalgeschichte (in German). 23: year book. pp. 113–142. ISBN 3-515-08183-6. 
  • Torsten Meyer und Axel Zutz (2010). "Auf dem Weg zum Senftenberger Seengebiet. Protagonisten und Institutionen der Rekultivierung von Braunkohletagebauen in der Niederlausitz (1920-1960)". In Frank Betker, Carsten Benke und Christoph Bernhardt. Paradigmenwechsel und Kontinuitätslinien im DDR-Städtebau. Neue Forschungen zur ostdeutschen Architektur- und Planungsgeschichte (in German). Erkner: Leibniz-Institut für Regionalentwicklung und Strukturplanung. pp. 273–328. ISBN 978-3-934669-09-3. 
  • Otto Rindt (1993). "Der Senftenberger See. Entstehung und bisherige Nutzung". In Förderverein Niederlausitzer Kulturlandschaft e.V. Otto Rindt. Sechs Jahrzehnte Wirken für die Landschaft (in German). Cottbus. pp. 40–42. 

External links[edit]