Senieji Trakai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Senieji Trakai
Village
The church and cloister built on the remains of the old castle
The church and cloister built on the remains of the old castle
Senieji Trakai is located in Lithuania
Senieji Trakai
Senieji Trakai
Location of Senieji Trakai
Coordinates: 54°37′N 24°58′E / 54.617°N 24.967°E / 54.617; 24.967Coordinates: 54°37′N 24°58′E / 54.617°N 24.967°E / 54.617; 24.967
Country  Lithuania
County Vilnius County
Municipality Trakai district municipality
Eldership Senieji Trakai eldership
Capital of Senieji Trakai eldership
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,501
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Senieji Trakai (literally: Old Trakai, Polish: Stare Troki) is a historic Lithuanian village located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of Trakai. According to the census of 2001, it has 1501 inhabitants – Lithuanians, Poles and Russians.[1] The Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway passes through Senieji Trakai.

The central part of the village is proclaimed an architectural reserve. The main street is dominated by uniform wooden houses, facing it with two-windowed sides.

History[edit]

Sometime before 1321, Grand Duke Gediminas transferred the capital of Lithuania from Kernavė to Trakai (today's Senieji Trakai) and erected his brick castle. In 1337 it became a seat of the newly established Duchy of Trakai. Gediminas' son Kęstutis erected a new castle in New Trakai (today's Trakai). Kęstutis' son Vytautas was born in Old Trakai ca. 1350.

The castle in Senieji Trakai was destroyed by the Teutonic Order in 1391. The ruins of the castle were gifted to Benedictine monks by Vytautas in 1405. It is supposed that the present monastery building dating from the 15th century incorporates the remains of the Gediminas' castle.

The Trakai name, derived from Lithuanian: trakas - "the glade", suggests that the castle was built in a hollow area after deforestation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Lithuanian) Vilniaus apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai. Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2003. p. 90. ISBN 9955-588-04-7.