Senja

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Senja / Sážžá
Norway - Senja.png
Location of Senja
Senja is located in Norway
Senja
Senja (Norway)
Geography
Location Northern Norway
Coordinates 69°20′N 17°30′E / 69.333°N 17.500°E / 69.333; 17.500Coordinates: 69°20′N 17°30′E / 69.333°N 17.500°E / 69.333; 17.500
Area 1,586.3 km2 (612.5 sq mi)[1]
Highest elevation 1,017 m (3,337 ft)
Highest point Breidtinden
Country
Norway
County Troms
Municipalities Berg, Lenvik, Torsken, Tranøy
Largest city Silsand, Lenvik (pop. 1313)
Demographics
Population 7722 (as of 2009)
Density 4.9 /km2 (12.7 /sq mi)

Senja (Northern Sami: Sážžá) is the second largest island in Norway (not counting Svalbard). Senja is mentioned in David Armine Howarth's World War II novel We Die Alone: A WWII Epic of Escape and Endurance. It has a namesake island in the MMORPG Tibia.

Norwegian musician Moddi comes from the island and his music has been said to have been influenced by the beauty of the island.[2]

The name[edit]

The Norse form of the name must also have been *Senja. The meaning of the name is unknown, but it might be related to the verb sundra 'tear, split apart': The west coast of the island is torn and split by numerous small fjords.

Geography[edit]

Senja is located along the Troms county coastline with Finnsnes as the closest town. Senja is connected to the mainland by the Gisund Bridge. The municipalities located on Senja are Lenvik (part of which is on the mainland), Berg, Torsken, and Tranøy. Senja had 7782 inhabitants as of 1 January 2008.


The north and western coasts of Senja are facing the open sea. Here, steep and rugged mountains rise straight from the sea, with some fishing villages (like Gryllefjord, Husøy) wherever there is some lowland. The eastern and southern parts of the island are milder, with rounder mountains, forests, rivers and agriculture land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data from Gibostad village on the eastern side of the island, facing the mainland (base period 1961-90). The western side of the island, facing the Norwegian Sea, will have slightly milder but more windy winters.

Climate data for Gibostad, Lenvik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.2
(32.4)
3.6
(38.5)
8.4
(47.1)
12.9
(55.2)
15.0
(59)
14.6
(58.3)
10.5
(50.9)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.7
(42.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.0
(33.8)
5.5
(41.9)
9.7
(49.5)
12.3
(54.1)
11.6
(52.9)
7.5
(45.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
3.0
(37.4)
Average low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.5
(36.5)
6.8
(44.2)
9.1
(48.4)
8.3
(46.9)
5.1
(41.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
0.2
(32.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.35)
80
(3.15)
60
(2.36)
54
(2.13)
39
(1.54)
47
(1.85)
62
(2.44)
71
(2.8)
91
(3.58)
119
(4.69)
94
(3.7)
98
(3.86)
900
(35.43)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.4 12.4 11.5 10.7 9.2 10.6 13.2 12.4 14.3 16.0 14.7 15.6 154.0
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[3]

Photo gallery[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Senja is often referred to as "Norway in miniature", as the island's diverse scenery reflects almost the entire span of Norwegian nature. Senja is well known domestically for its beautiful scenery, and is marketed as a tourist attraction.

Among the sights of the island are Ånderdalen National Park with coastal pine forests and mountains,[4] traditional fishing communities, and the "Troll of Senja" (Norwegian: Senjatrollet)--the world's largest troll. The southernmost municipality Tranøy also has several small museums documenting local history, among these the Halibut Museum ("Kveitmuseet") in Skrolsvik.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statens kartverk. Øyer i Norge - største i hvert fylke (Excel) (in Norwegian). 
  2. ^ "Moddi" (in English). Propeller Recordings. Retrieved 2013-01-03. 
  3. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 
  4. ^ "Ånderdalen National Park" (in Norwegian). Directorate for nature management. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 

External links[edit]