Szentendre

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Szentendre
Szentendre
Szentendre
Coat of arms of Szentendre
Coat of arms
Szentendre is located in Hungary
Szentendre
Szentendre
Location of Szentendre
Coordinates: 47°42′16″N 19°04′07″E / 47.70440°N 19.06858°E / 47.70440; 19.06858Coordinates: 47°42′16″N 19°04′07″E / 47.70440°N 19.06858°E / 47.70440; 19.06858
Country  Hungary
County Pest
Area
 • Total 43.83 km2 (16.92 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 23,554
 • Density 537.39/km2 (1,391.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2000
Area code(s) 26
Photo of Szentendre's "Fő tér" (Main Square)
Decorated Shop Windows
Main Square

Szentendre (Croatian: Senandrija, Serbian: Сентандреја, Sentandreja) is a riverside town in Pest county, Hungary, near the capital city Budapest. It is known for its museums (most notably the Open-Air Ethnographic Museum), galleries, and artists.

Town centre in January

Due to its historic architecture and easy rail and river access, it has become a popular destination for tourists staying in Budapest. There are many facilities, including souvenir shops and restaurants, catering to these visitors.

Name[edit]

The name of the town is ultimately based on the Medieval Latin form Sankt Andrae (English: St.Andrew). Because of the diverse mix of nations to have once settled in Szentendre, the settlement has a variety of names according to language. The Hungarian name for the town is Szentendre; the German name is Sankt Andrä; in Serbian, the name is Sentandreja (Serbian Cyrillic: Сентандреја); the Slovak name is Svätý Ondrej.

History[edit]

Populated for well over a millennium in ancient times, under the Romans it was called Ulcisia Castra, meaning Wolf Castle for their fort.

Since the Middle Ages, Szentendre and the surrounding villages had also been settled by many Bulgarians. In 1690, the Serbian teacher and hegumen Stevan wrote that Szentendre was called Bolgarija by some. The Bulgarian neighbourhood included Catholic settlers from Chiprovtsi and a Roman Catholic "Chiprovtsi church" (Csiprovacska templom). The names of many locals show Bulgarian ancestry.[1]

Since the 16th century, the town was considered the center of the Serb community in this part of Hungary. At one point it had as many as eight Serbian Orthodox church buildings and three chapels, and only one each Roman-Catholic and Evangelical. It is still the see of the Buda Diocese of the Serb Orthodox Church.

In the 18th century, after liberation from the Ottomans, the Crown recruited farmers and artisans from Germany and southern Slavs to repopulate areas that had been occupied by the Ottomans. Szentendre enjoyed a rebirth, with new settlers including Serbian, Croatian, Slovak, and Greek immigrants, who settled alongside the Magyar residents. According to the 1720 data, 88% of the population of the town were South Slavs (mostly Serbs, but also some South Slavic Catholics).[2] The town to this day is characterised by southern European elements, including baroque architecture, churches of various faiths, narrow sidestreets, and cobblestone roads.

Arts[edit]

Szentendre has been the home of many generations of Hungarian artists since the early 20th century. There are many museums and contemporary galleries representing the rich traditions of the visual art.

List of art museums
List of contemporary galleries

People from Szentendre[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1870 4,683 —    
1880 4,229 −9.7%
1890 4,260 +0.7%
1900 4,822 +13.2%
1910 5,673 +17.6%
1920 5,877 +3.6%
1930 7,210 +22.7%
1941 9,651 +33.9%
1949 9,283 −3.8%
1960 10,466 +12.7%
1970 13,008 +24.3%
1980 16,901 +29.9%
1990 19,351 +14.5%
2001 22,747 +17.5%
2011 25,963 +14.1%

In the 18th century Szentendre had Serb majority, but in the 19th century they dropped to minority due to one-child family model,[5] ethnic Germans followed the decadent Serb community. By the late 19th century rapidly growing Hungarians became the dominant ethnic group, assimilated Germans and the remaining Serbs too. In 2001, Szentendre had 22,747 inhabitants, of whom there were 21,001 ethnic Hungarians, 225 Germans, and only 100 Serbs.

Nationalities
Religions

Today there are active Serbian, Croat, German, and Polish municipal minority self-governments in Szentendre.

International relations[edit]

A sunlit icon of Jesus above the gate to a Serbian Orthodox church in Szentendre.

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Szentendre is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Király, Péter (2002). Die Čiprovecer in Ungarn (in German). Budapest: ELTE Szláv Intézet. 
  2. ^ Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 2, Novi Sad, 1990.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Illyés Gyula: Pusztulás ("Dissolution"), 1933
  6. ^ "Kalisz Official Website - Twin Towns". (in English and Polish) 2005-2008 Urząd Miejski Kalisz. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]