Seocheon county has two major centers, Janghang-eup and Seocheon-eup. Seocheon-eup, the larger center, serves as the educational center of the district. It has an economy built on agriculture and education. Janghang has a more industrial economy that includes factories, processing, and ship building. Janghang and Seocheon are connected to Yongsan (Seoul), Iksan, and the rest of the country via Korail's Janghang Line which formerly terminated in Janghang but has since been connected to Iksan via Gunsan.
In total under Seocheon-gun there are two eup and eleven myeon: