Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
|Full name||Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Football Club
|Founded||1989, as Ilhwa Chunma FC|
|Ground||Tancheon Sports Complex|
|League||K League Classic|
|Website||Club home page|
|Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma|
|Hangul||성남 일화 천마|
|Hanja||城南 一和 天馬|
|Revised Romanization||Seongnam Ilhwa Cheonma|
|McCune–Reischauer||Sŏngnam Ilhwa Chŏnma|
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (Korean: 성남 일화 천마) is a South Korean professional football club, based in Seongnam, South Korea, Seongnam is satellite city of Seoul, 28 km away. Seongnam plays in the K-League Classic. Founded as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club in 1989, the club is the most successful in Korean football, having won a record 7 league titles, 2 FA Cups, 3 League Cups, and 2 AFC Champions League titles.
- 1 History
- 2 The conflict about the relocation
- 3 Records
- 4 Crest and Colours
- 5 Connection to Unification Church
- 6 Current squad
- 7 Notable former players
- 8 Current Staff
- 9 Managers
- 10 Honours
- 11 Kit Supplier
- 12 Crest
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The club was founded on 18 March 1989 as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club with the club based in Seoul. The club was successful from its beginning, winning its first K-League Cup three years later in 1992 and winning three consecutive league titles from 1993 to 1995. But the club was forced to move in 1996, as part of the K-League's decentralization policy. This policy was carried out due to two reasons - the first reason was that the KFA and the K-League wanted to build a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul and the second reason was that the KFA and the K-League wanted to spread football fever to the provinces. The three clubs based in Seoul - Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs, Yukong Elephants didn't accept this policy, resulting in the Korean government giving eviction orders to the 3 clubs. However, they guaranteed if the clubs built a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul, they could have a Seoul franchise and then return to Seoul. As a result, three clubs were evicted from Seoul to other cities, Ilhwa Chunma moved to the city of Cheonan and changed its name to Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma.
Several unsuccessful seasons followed, and when they finished at the bottom of the league for the second consecutive time in 1999, the club moved to the Seoul satellite city of Seongnam and renamed themselves Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma. The move worked out very well, as the rejuvenated club went on to win three consecutive K-League titles from 2001 to 2003.
A disappointing 2004 campaign saw them meekly relinquish their title. However, they reached the final of the 2004 AFC Champions League, where despite winning the away leg 3-1, they lost the home leg 5-0 to Saudi Arabian club Al-Ittihad and lost the tie 6-3 on aggregate.
The club bounced back to the forefront of Korean football in style as they claimed their seventh league title in 2006, defeating Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3-1 on aggregate in the championship playoff final. This was their 7th K-League title which is a record out of all the K-League clubs.
Before they were defeated by Suwon Bluewings 2-1 on 15 July 2007 in the 2007 season, they had not lost for 22 consecutive league matches - the third longest streak in the history of the K-League.
Seongnam reached the final of the 2007 K-League Championship but were beaten 4-1 on aggregate by Pohang Steelers, despite finishing first place in the regular season. This brought controversy about the playoffs system.
In 2008, they moved their home stadium to Seongnam 1 Stadium for their summer season, due to the rebuilding of Tancheon Sports Complex. However, due to the delay of the reconstruction of Tancheon Sports Complex they returned to their home stadium.
On 13 November 2010, Seongnam beat Iranian club Zob Ahan FC 3-1 in the final of the 2010 AFC Champions League. This was their second AFC Champions League title and qualified them directly into the quarter finals stage of the 2010 FIFA Club World Cup. Seongnam finished the tournament in 4th place.
In December 2013, Seongnam City took over the club from Ilhwa Co., Ltd.
The conflict about the relocation
During the 2013 season, there were rumors that the club was going to be sold to Ansan. Ansan's mayor, after the rumor was reported by the press, also stated officially that Ansan is planning to purchase Seongnam Ilhwa from Ilhwa. 800 estimated supporters (SF1080, YRU, YF Boys, Chunma Bulsa, Ultras Giovani) protested infront of the Seongnam city hall, and inside Seongnam's former stadium, Seongnam 1 Stadium stating; the Seongnam city's ignorance and a wrong decision to send the most successful club in the K-League Classic's history away.
On October 2013, Seongnam's mayor Lee, Jae-Myung had a conference and stated that the Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Football Club will be sold to Seongnam and will be succeeding the history. Therefore, Seongnam Fooball Club (Seongnam FC) run by Seongnam will be participating in the K-League Classic 2014 season.
|Season||Division||Tms.||Pos.||FA Cup||AFC CL|
|2003||K1||12||1||Round of 16||Group Stage|
|2004||K1||13||9||Round of 32||Runners-up|
|2005||K1||13||3||Round of 16||-|
|2006||K1||14||1||Round of 32||-|
|2007||K1||14||2||Round of 16||Semi-final|
|2012||K1||16||12||Round of 16||Round of 16|
- Tms. = Number of teams
- Pos. = Position in league
Crest and Colours
The current crest has been used since 2006. The number of stars (7) indicates the number of league trophies the club has lifted. The flying horse (Korean: 천마 (Chunma), Korean Pegasus) on the crest is the mascot of the club, which is a legendary animal in Korean mythology. The colours have meanings as well; yellow means progressive attitude, red shows passion, and blue means the world as it is the colour of the sky. Its former colors were white, orange, black and green(this was used together with blue and yellow).
Connection to Unification Church
There is controversy over Seongnam, since it is owned by Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church's Ilhwa Group. Therefore, some Christians in Seongnam have been against the club, being hostile to the club's plans to construct a new stadium and a club house.
- As of 30 July 2013
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Notable former players
As of July 25, 2010
- Manager: Ahn Ik-Soo
- Assistant Manager: Seo Hyo-Won
- Goalkeeper Coach: Kwon Chan-Soo
- Coach: Park Nam-Yeol
U-18 Team (Pungsaeng High School) Coaching Staff
- Mangager: Kim Woo-Jae
- Coach: Kim Jong-Chun
- Goalkeeper Coach: Kim Hee-Ho
U-15 Team (Pungsaeng Middle School) Coaching Staff
||Kim Hak-Beom||2004/12/07||2004/12/29||2004||In FA Cup, He was manager.|
- Winners (1): 2002
- Runners-up (2): 2000, 2004
- Winners (1): 1996
- Winners (1): 2004
- Winners (1): 1996
- Winners (1): 2012
- Runners-Up (1): 2012
- 1991~1999: Adidas
- 2000-2009: Prospecs
- 2010-2011: Lotto Sport Italia
- 2012- : Uhlsport
- Relocation of professional sports teams
- Chungnam Ilhwa Chunma
- Clube Atlético Sorocaba
- Clube Esportivo Nova Esperança
- Official Club Profile at K League Website
- "Asia's Clubs of the Century". IFFHS.
- . Arirang News. 3 October 2013 http://www.arirang.co.kr/News/News_View.asp?nseq=151857. Retrieved 12 December 2013. Missing or empty
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