Seoul Metropolitan Subway

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Seoul Metropolitan Subway
South Korea subway logo.svg
Overview
Native name 수도권 전철
首都圈電鐵
Owner Government of South Korea, Seoul City, Incheon City, Bucheon City, Uijeongbu City, Yongin City and private companies
Locale Seoul, South Korea
Incheon, Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Gangwon-do
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 19
Number of stations 617 total[citation needed]
587 stations excluding Everline and U Line or 495 if transfer stations are counted as one[citation needed]
Daily ridership 9.8 million (2012)
Annual ridership 2,619 million (2013, Lines 1-9)[1]
Operation
Began operation August 15, 1974
Operator(s) Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Korail, Incheon Transit Corporation, and private rapid transit operators
Technical
System length 981.5 km (609.9 mi)[citation needed]
952.3 km (591.7 mi)[citation needed] excluding Everline and U Line
327.0 km (203.2 mi)
(Seoul Metro/SMRT/Line 9 only)
[2]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map

Seoul subway linemap en.svg

The Seoul Metropolitan Subway (Hangul: 수도권 전철; hanja: 首都圈電鐵) has been described as the world's longest multi-operator metro system by route length.[3] It consists of 17 lines that serve the Seoul Metropolitan Area, not counting the single-car light metro line, Everline,[4] and the U Line light rail line,[5] which are listed as part of the system by the official operators.[Note 1][Note 2][Note 3][6]

The system was rated the world's best subway system by CNN,[7] Jalopnik,[8] and nicknamed "super highway" by the BBC.[9] It is notable for its cleanliness and ease of use along with advanced technology such as 4G LTE, WiFi, DMB, and WiBro accessible in all stations and moving subway cars. Most trains have digital TV screens, and all of them have air conditioning and climate controlled seats installed that are automatically heated in the winter. All stations have screen doors installed,[Note 4] although those operated by Korail have it installed on major stations only.[10] Since 2010, all Seoul Metro stations feature the world's largest digital signage service,[11] which are smartphone-like 46" touchscreen kiosk stands called Digital View provided by Daum that have many apps, such as maps with Google Street View-like features, tourist guides, and free phone calls. The world's first virtual mart for smartphone users opened at Seolleung Station in 2011.[7]

All lines use the T-money smart payment system utilizing RFID and NFC technology for automatic payment by T-money smart cards, smartphones, or credit cards and one can transfer to any of the other line within the system for free.[Note 5]

Real-time subway arrival times, provided through large LCD screens at all stations, are available for all lines, along with apps for smartphones.[12] All directional signs in the system are written in both Korean, English and Hanja. In the trains there are also many LCD that bring you service announcements, upcoming stop names, YTN news, stock prices and animated shorts. There are also prerecorded voice announcement that states the upcoming station, any possible line transfer, and the exiting side are all in Korean, followed by those in English. On major stations, this is also followed by the announcement in Japanese, then in Mandarin Chinese.[13]

Lines & Channels[edit]

Line Name
English
Line Name
Korean
Starting Station(s)
Ending Station(s)
Stations
Total Length
Operator
Owner
Line 1
1호선 Soyosan Incheon / Sinchang / Gwangmyeong / Seodongtan 98 200.6 km (total)
7.8 km (Seoul Metro)[2]
Korail / Seoul Metro Government of South Korea / Seoul City
Line 2
2호선 City Hall / Seongsu / Sindorim City Hall / Sinseol-dong / Kkachisan 51 60.2 km[2] Seoul Metro Seoul City
Line 3
3호선 Daehwa Ogeum 43 57.4 km (total)
38.2 km (Seoul Metro)[2]
Korail / Seoul Metro Government of South Korea / Seoul City
Line 4
4호선 Dangogae Oido 48 71.5 km (total)
31.7 km (Seoul Metro)[2]
Korail / Seoul Metro Government of South Korea / Seoul City
Line 5
5호선 Banghwa Sangil-dong / Macheon 51 52.3 km[2] Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Seoul City
Line 6
6호선 Eungam Bonghwasan 38 35.1 km[2] Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Seoul City
Line 7
7호선 Jangam Bupyeong-gu Office 51 57.1 km[2] Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Seoul City / Bucheon City / Incheon City
Line 8
8호선 Amsa Moran 17 17.7 km[2] Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Seoul City
Line 9
9호선 Gaehwa Sinnonhyeon 26 26.9 km[2] Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation Seoul City / Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation
AREX
공항철도 Seoul Station Incheon International Airport 11 58.0 km Korail Airport Railroad Government of South Korea
Jungang Line
중앙선 Yongsan Yongmun 28 71.2 km Korail Government of South Korea
Gyeongui Line
경의선 Gongdeok / Seoul Station Munsan 23 50.8 km Korail Government of South Korea
Gyeongchun Line
경춘선 Sangbong Chuncheon 22 80.7 km Korail Government of South Korea
Bundang Line
분당선 Wangsimni Suwon 36 52.9 km Korail Government of South Korea
Suin Line
수인선 Oido Songdo 9 13.1 km Korail Government of South Korea
Shinbundang Line
신분당선 Gangnam Jeongja 6 17.3 km Sinbundang Line & NeoTrans Government of South Korea / Sinbundang Line & NeoTrans
Incheon Line 1
인천 1호선 Gyeyang International Business District 29 29.4 km Incheon Transit Incheon City
EverLine
용인 경전철 Giheung Jeondae – Everland 15 18.1 km Yongin Rapid Transit Corporation Yongin City / Yongin Rapid Transit Corporation
U Line
의정부 경전철 Balgok Tapseok 15 11.1 km Uijeongbu LRT Corporation Uijeongbu City / Uijeongbu LRT Corporation

Seoul's primary metro systems are "operated by four companies – Seoul Metropolitan Subway (Seoul Metro), Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit (SMRT), Korail (Korea National Railroad) and Metro 9".[14] Korail is the "Korea Railroad",[15] which "operates South Korea's nationwide passenger and freight rail network and some outlying sections of Seoul's subway network that extends into adjacent cities".[16]

While Everline and U Line are currently not officially counted as part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway universally,[Note 6][Note 7][Note 8] there are plans to allow them into the unified metropolitan fare are under way for 2014, with many operators listing these lines in advance on their maps.

History[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

Fares and ticketing[edit]

T-money smart card

The current single-use ticket is a credit card-sized plastic card with RFID technology, which are obtained from automated machines in every subway station. A 500 won deposit fee is included in the price, and is refunded when the ticket is returned at any station. Multiple use cards are sold in convenience stores or can be integrated with certain debit cards.

Fares (except for single-use tickets) are currently 1,050 won for a trip up to 10 km, with 100 won added for each subsequent 5 km.[17] Single-use ticket users must pay 100 won extra. Shinbundang Line adds a flat 700 won extra charge, while EverLine and U Line cost 1,300 won, with free transfers to other lines and buses coming in the future. Half-priced children's tickets are available. Riders may also enter the system using a transportation card such as T-money, Upass, and KB Free Pass. The city government also uses Seoul Citypass as a transportation card. Senior citizens and disabled people qualify for free transit and can get a free ticket or enter and exit using side gates rather than turnstiles.

Current construction[edit]

Opening 2014[edit]

  • Everline will be officially and fully integrated into the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system, by allowing free transfers to other metro lines and buses from 20 September 2014. Fares will begin from 1,250 won for adults paying by cards.[18]
  • The Incheon Airport Maglev will run from Incheon International Airport Station to Yongyu Station in 30 September 2014.[19]
  • Gyeongui Line will open Gangmae Station in 25 October 2014.
  • Underground transfer tunnel between Line 1 and Line 9 at Noryangjin Station will open "in the latter half of 2014".[20]
  • Gyeongui Line will open from Gongdeok to Yongsan Station, thereby connecting with the Jungang Line as a single line in December 2014.[21]
  • Suin Line is scheduled to open Dalwol Station in December 2014.
  • Underground transfer tunnel between Line 1/4 and AREX at Seoul Station will open on December 2014.[22]

Opening 2015[edit]

Opening 2016[edit]

Opening 2017[edit]

Opening 2018+[edit]

  • Line 5 will be extended east from Sangil-dong Station with three stations to serve Gangil-dong, Misa New City and the Pungsan development area. A further Phase 2 with two additional stations terminating at Hanam city hall will complete in 2020.[23]
  • Gimpo subway (김포도시철도) will open in 2018, stretching 23.61 km over 9 stations, terminating at Gimpo Airport Station with transfers to Line 5, 9 and AREX.[34]

Planned construction[edit]

There are several major works that are either still in the planning stage or are waiting for construction to commence.

  • (2014 ~ 2017) Line 8 will be extended north by 11.37 km to intersect Guri Station and Byeolnae Station on the Gyeongchun Line.[35]
  • The northern end of Line 4 will be extended by three stations from Danggogae to Jinjeop, Namyangju. Construction will begin in 2015, with the expected completion date in 2019.[36]
  • (2013 ~ 2022) Sin Ansan Line will connect Ansan, Siheung, Seoul Station, and Cheongnyangni Station. At its terminus at Cheongnyangni, the line will be connected to a new light rail line called Myeonmok Light Rail Line.[citation needed]
  • An interchange station of Line 2, Line 5, Jungang Line, Bundang Line, and Dongbuk Light Rail Line is planned from Wangsimni Station.[37]
  • Incheon Line 3 is planned to be a semicircular subway line of Incheon. It will intersect Seoul Subway Line 1 at Dowon Station and Dongmak Station at Incheon Subway Line 1, as well as at the future Incheon Subway Line 2.[38]
  • Myeonmokseon LRT (면목선 경전철) is a planned 12-station, 9.05 km line from Cheongnyangni Station to the future Sinnae Station. Customers will be able to transfer to Seoul Subway Lines 1, 6, 7, and the Gyeongchun Line. The cost is estimated at 855.9 billion Won. Construction is scheduled to begin at the end of 2013 and end in 2018.[39][40]
  • Line 7 will get two more stations to the west to link up to Incheon Line 2. The 3.94 km extension is due for completion in 2018.[41] Construction will commence in 2013.
  • Incheon Line 1 will get one more station to Songdo Landmark City 0.84 km beyond International Business District Station. Construction is planned to start in 2013 and be completed the end of 2018.[41]
  • EverLine might get a 6.8 km extension from Gugal station to the future Gwanggyo Station on the Shinbundang Line.[42]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The general provisions of Seoul Metro's Terms of Passenger Transport, SMRT's Terms of Passenger Transport and Shinbundang Line's Terms of Passenger Transport all define Seoul Metropolitan Subway as follows:
    제3조(정의) Article 3 (Definition) 5. "도시철도"라 함은 도시철도법에 따라 서울메트로구간과 연락운송하는 노선(이하 "도시철도구간"이라 합니다) 및 그 부대설비, 열차 등을 통틀어 말합니다..
    Translation: The metro, as constituted by the metro law, refers to the jointly operated lines with Seoul Metro (called "sections of metro" from now) and its supplementary equipments, trains and etc. collectively.
    4. "연락운송"이라 함은 도시철도법 제17조에 따라 서울메트로구간과 한국철도광역전철구간, 서울도시철도구간, 인천교통공사구간, 서울시메트로9호선구간, 코레일공항철도 검암~서울역, 신분당선구간을 서로 연속하여 여객을 운송하는 것을 말합니다..
    Translation: "Joint operation", as defined by metro law Article 17, refers to the continuous transport of passengers by the sections of Seoul Metro, Korail Metropolitan Subway, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Incheon Transit, Seoul Metro Line 9, Korail Airport Railroad Geomam~Seoul Station and Shinbundang Line
  2. ^ Terms of Passenger Transport, Incheon Transit 제3조(정의) 이 약관에서 사용하는 용어의 정의는 다음 각 호와 같습니다.
    Translation: Article 3 (Definition) The definition of the term used in this clause is as follows.
    1. “수도권 도시철도”란 인천교통공사, 서울메트로, 서울특별시도시철도공사, 서울시메트로9호선(주), 코레일공항철도(주), 신분당선(주)가 운영하는 구간 및 한국철도공사가 운영하는 광역전철 구간을 말합니다.
    Translation: "Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit" refers to the sections of metropolitan subways operated by Incheon Transit, Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Seoul Metro Line 9, Korail Airport Railroad, Shinbundang Line and Korail.
    〈 개정 (Amended) 2009. 8. 20, 2009. 10. 5, 2011. 7. 15, 2011. 12. 23, 2012. 2. 21 〉
  3. ^ Terms of Passenger Transport, Korail Airport Railroad 제2조(정의) 이 약관에서 사용하는 용어의 정의는 다음과 같습니다.
    Translation: The definition of the terms used in this provision is as follows.
    “수도권도시철도”라 함은 서울메트로, 서울특별시도시철도공사, 인천교통공사, 서울시메트로9호선(주), 신분당선(주)가 운영하는 도시철도구간 및 한국철도공사가 운영하는 광역전철구간을 말합니다. <개정 ‘13.12.13>.
    Translation: "Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit" refers to the sections of metro operated by Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Incheon Transit, Seoul Metro Line 9 and Shinbundang Line and metropolitan subways operated by Korail. <Amended ‘13.12.13>
  4. ^ With the exception of Gaehwa Station.
  5. ^ With the exception of AREX on Yeongjong Island (extra charge applied depending on distance) and Shinbundang Line (extra flat charge of 700KRW). EverLine and U Line will allow free transfers from 2014.
  6. ^ The general provisions of Seoul Metro's Terms of Passenger Transport, SMRT's Terms of Passenger Transport and Shinbundang Line's Terms of Passenger Transport all define Seoul Metropolitan Subway as follows:
    제3조(정의) Article 3 (Definition) 5. "도시철도"라 함은 도시철도법에 따라 서울메트로구간과 연락운송하는 노선(이하 "도시철도구간"이라 합니다) 및 그 부대설비, 열차 등을 통틀어 말합니다..
    Translation: The metro, as constituted by the metro law, refers to the jointly operated lines with Seoul Metro (called "sections of metro" from now) and its supplementary equipments, trains and etc. collectively.
    4. "연락운송"이라 함은 도시철도법 제17조에 따라 서울메트로구간과 한국철도광역전철구간, 서울도시철도구간, 인천교통공사구간, 서울시메트로9호선구간, 코레일공항철도 검암~서울역, 신분당선구간을 서로 연속하여 여객을 운송하는 것을 말합니다..
    Translation: "Joint operation", as defined by metro law Article 17, refers to the continuous transport of passengers by the sections of Seoul Metro, Korail Metropolitan Subway, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Incheon Transit, Seoul Metro Line 9, Korail Airport Railroad Geomam~Seoul Station and Shinbundang Line
  7. ^ Terms of Passenger Transport, Incheon Transit 제3조(정의) 이 약관에서 사용하는 용어의 정의는 다음 각 호와 같습니다.
    Translation: Article 3 (Definition) The definition of the term used in this clause is as follows.
    1. “수도권 도시철도”란 인천교통공사, 서울메트로, 서울특별시도시철도공사, 서울시메트로9호선(주), 코레일공항철도(주), 신분당선(주)가 운영하는 구간 및 한국철도공사가 운영하는 광역전철 구간을 말합니다.
    Translation: "Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit" refers to the sections of metropolitan subways operated by Incheon Transit, Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Seoul Metro Line 9, Korail Airport Railroad, Shinbundang Line and Korail.
    〈 개정 (Amended) 2009. 8. 20, 2009. 10. 5, 2011. 7. 15, 2011. 12. 23, 2012. 2. 21 〉
  8. ^ Terms of Passenger Transport, Korail Airport Railroad 제2조(정의) 이 약관에서 사용하는 용어의 정의는 다음과 같습니다.
    Translation: The definition of the terms used in this provision is as follows.
    “수도권도시철도”라 함은 서울메트로, 서울특별시도시철도공사, 인천교통공사, 서울시메트로9호선(주), 신분당선(주)가 운영하는 도시철도구간 및 한국철도공사가 운영하는 광역전철구간을 말합니다. <개정 ‘13.12.13>.
    Translation: "Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit" refers to the sections of metro operated by Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Incheon Transit, Seoul Metro Line 9 and Shinbundang Line and metropolitan subways operated by Korail. <Amended ‘13.12.13>

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subway Passenger Transportation". City of Seoul. Retrieved 2014-07-14.  (You can select English from the language dropdown that reads "한국어")
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "지하철건설현황" [Status of Subway Construction] (in Korean). Seoul City Government. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
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  4. ^ "Guest Post: Trying out South Korea’s new Light Metro line". transportblog.co.nz. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  5. ^ "Uijeongbu Light Rail Transit, South Korea". Railway-technology.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  6. ^ 2012 Korail Statistics See p.400 for Seoul Metropolitan Subway (수도권 전철).
  7. ^ a b "What are the world's best metro systems?". CNN. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-29. 
  8. ^ The Best Subway Systems In The World
  9. ^ "Underground world: Seoul's 'super highway' v London's 'rude tube'". BBC News. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  10. ^ Screen doors installed in the Seoul Metropolitan Subway. Koreatimes.co.kr (5 May 2009). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  11. ^ 이웃집블로거 빌시 : 네이버 블로그. Tunpark.blog.me Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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External links[edit]