Seoul Subway Line 1

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Line 1
1호선(1號線)
Il Hoseon
South Korea subway logo.svg
SMSC Line1 VVVF 101.jpg
Statistics
Type Rapid transit/Commuter rail
System Seoul Metropolitan Subway
Status Operational
Termini Soyosan
Incheon / Sinchang / Gwangmyeong / Seodongtan
No. of stations 97
Seoul Metro: 10
Korail: 87
Operation
Opened August 15, 1974
Operator(s) Seoul Metro & Korail
Technical
Line length 200.6 km (124.6 mi)
Seoul Metro: 7.8 km (4.8 mi)[1]
Korail: 192.8 km (119.8 mi)
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)

Seoul (Metropolitan) Subway Line 1 of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, is a subway line which links central Seoul, South Korea to Soyosan Station in the northeast, Incheon in the southwest, and Sinchang via Suwon and Cheonan in the south. The central portion of this rail line is the oldest and longest subway section in the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system; the entire rail line covers a large part of the Seoul Capital Area. The underground section between Seoul Station and Cheongnyangni Station, which is referred to as Seoul Metro Line 1 (7.8 kilometers (4.8 mi)), is currently operated by Seoul Metro.[1] The line first opened in 1974 as the Korean National Railroad of Seoul, partially using national railroad tracks from Seongbuk Station (now: Kwangwoon University Station) to Incheon and Suwon Stations.[citation needed] At the time, the underground portion of Line 1 run by Seoul Metro, was labeled red on maps. On the other hand, the remaining sections of the rail line run by Korail were labeled either blue or gray on maps, and the express lines were red. In 2000, the adjacent through-running Korail lines were officially bundled together as part of a greater Line 1, and the labeling on maps was changed to the current dark blue color. Commuter railway service was recently was extended to Sinchang in December 2008.[citation needed]

Frequent service is provided between Soyosan, Dongducheon, Uijeongbu, Cheongnyangni, Seoul, Yongsan, and Guro, where trains split between Incheon in the west and Byeongjeom and Cheonan in the south. Express trains operate from Yongsan and Seoul Stations to Dongincheon and Cheonan stations.

Trains travel along Gyeongbu (Seoul-Cheonan), Gyeongin (Guro-Incheon), Janghang (Cheonan-Sinchang) and Gyeongwon (Hoegi-Soyosan).

In June 2006, Jinwi and Jije Stations opened on the Gyeongbu Line. In January 2010 Dangjeong Station opened, between Gunpo and Uiwang Stations. Part of the Gyeongwon Line from Dongducheon (formerly Dongan) to Uijeongbu was merged into Line 1 in December 2006.

The line runs on the left-hand side of the track, as opposed to the right-hand side of the track like all of the other Seoul Metropolitan Subway lines do.[2]

Rapid (Express) trains[edit]

Korail operates a variety of express "rapid" (급행) trains for long distance commuter service on Line 1. These services include:

  • Gyeongin line express services from Yongsan to Dongincheon, operating express between Guro and Dongincheon (although one train on weeknights originates from Yangju and travels all the way to Incheon and operates express from Guro to Dongincheon). This service was introduced on January 29, 1999.
  • Gyeongwon line express services from Dongducheon (although several trains originate from Soyosan) to Incheon, operating express between Dongducheon and Kwangwoon University and run local train between Incheon and Kwangwoon University.
  • Gyeongbu line express services, including:
    • Yongsan-Cheonan ("A" and "B" express services), with "B" express services making fewer stops than the "A" services.
    • Seoul Station-Cheonan (green express), skipping all stations between Seoul Station and Geumcheon-gu Office Station, making intermediate stops at Anyang, Gunpo, and Uiwang and then following the "A" express service pattern. This service was introduced on October 20, 1982.
    • Yeongdeungpo-Byeongjeom ("C" express service), skipping all stations between Yeongdeungpo and Anyang and then following the "A" express service pattern until Byeongjeom. This service was introduced on August 25, 2014.

Seoul Subway Line 1 train operating diagram

Stations[edit]

YD: Yongsan - Dongincheon Express Line
YC: Yongsan - Cheonan Express Line
SC: Seoul - Cheonan Express Line

O stops at the station
X does not stop at the station
peak-off station (only stops in the morning)
Station
Number
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hangul
Station Name
Hanja
YD
YC
SC
Transfer
Line Name
Distance
in km
Total
Distance
Location
100
Soyosan 소요산
Gyeongwon
Line
---
0.0
Gyeonggi-do
Dongducheon-si
101
Dongducheon 동두천
2.5
2.5
102
Bosan 보산
1.6
4.1
103
Dongducheonjungang 동두천중앙
1.4
5.5
104
Jihaeng 지행
1.0
6.5
105
Deokjeong 덕정
5.6
12.1
Yangju-si
106
Deokgye 덕계
2.9
15.0
107
Yangju 양주
5.3
20.3
108
Nogyang 녹양
1.6
21.9
Uijeongbu-si
109
Ganeung 가능
1.3
23.2
110
Uijeongbu 의정부
1.2
24.4
111
Hoeryong 회룡 U Line
1.6
26.0
112
Mangwolsa 망월사
1.4
27.4
113
Dobongsan 도봉산 Line 7
2.3
29.7
Seoul
Dobong-gu
114
Dobong 도봉
1.2
30.9
115
Banghak 방학
1.3
32.2
116
Chang-dong 창동 Line 4
1.7
33.9
117
Nokcheon 녹천 鹿
1.0
34.9
118
Wolgye 월계
1.4
36.3
Nowon-gu
119
Kwangwoon University 광운대
1.1
37.4
120
Seokgye 석계 Line 6
1.1
38.5
121
Sinimun 신이문
1.4
39.9
Dongdaemun-gu
122
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies 외대앞
0.8
40.7
123
Hoegi 회기 Jungang
0.8
41.5
124
Cheongnyangni 청량리 Jungang
Seoul Metro Line 1
1.4
42.9
125
Jegi-dong 제기동
1.0
43.9
126
Sinseol-dong 신설동 Line 2 (Seongsu)
Ui LRT (2014)
0.9
44.8
127
Dongmyo 동묘앞 Line 6
0.7
45.5
Jongno-gu
128
Dongdaemun 동대문 Line 4
0.6
46.1
129
Jongno 5(o)-ga 종로5가 5
0.8
46.9
130
Jongno 3(sam)-ga 종로3가 3 Line 3 Line 5
0.9
47.8
131
Jonggak 종각
0.8
48.6
132
City Hall 시청 Line 2
1.0
49.6
Jung-gu
133
Seoul 서울 서울
O
Line 4 Gyeongui AREX
KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu HSR
KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu
KTX logo.svg Gyeongjeon Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
1.1
50.7
134
Namyeong 남영
X
Gyeongbu
Line
1.7
52.4
Yongsan-gu
135
Yongsan 용산
O
A, B
X
Jungang
Gyeongui (2012)
Shinbundang (2018)
KTX logo.svg Honam Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
1.5
53.9
136
Noryangjin 노량진
O
A, B
X
Line 9
2.6
56.5
Dongjak-gu
137
Daebang 대방
O
A, B
X
1.5
58.0
Yeongdeungpo-gu
138
Singil 신길
O
A, B
X
Line 5
0.8
58.8
139
Yeongdeungpo 영등포
O
A, B, C
KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
1.0
59.8
140
Sindorim 신도림
O
A, B
X
Line 2
1.5
61.3
Guro-gu
141
Guro 구로
O
A, B
X
Line 1 (Sinchang)
62.4
142
Guil 구일
X
Gyeongin
Line
1.4
63.8
143
Gaebong 개봉
X
1.0
64.8
144
Oryu-dong 오류동
X
1.3
66.1
145
Onsu 온수
X
Line 7
1.9
68.0
146
Yeokgok 역곡
O
1.3
69.3
Gyeonggi-do
Bucheon-si
147
Sosa 소사
X
1.5
70.8
148
Bucheon 부천
O
1.1
71.9
149
Jung-dong 중동
X
1.7
73.6
150
Songnae 송내
O
1.0
74.6
151
Bugae 부개
X
1.2
75.8
Incheon
Bupyeong-gu
152
Bupyeong 부평
O
Incheon Line 1
1.5
77.3
153
Baegun 백운
X
1.7
79.0
154
Dongam 동암
O
1.5
80.5
155
Ganseok 간석
X
1.2
81.7
Nam-gu
156
Juan 주안
O
Incheon Line 2 (2016)
1.2
82.9
157
Dohwa 도화
X
1.0
83.9
158
Jemulpo 제물포
X
1.0
84.9
159
Dowon 도원
X
1.4
86.3
Jung-gu
160
Dongincheon 동인천
O
1.2
87.5
161
Incheon 인천
1.9
89.4
141
Guro 구로
O
A, B
X
Line 1 (Incheon)
Gyeongbu
Line
1.1
62.4
Seoul
Guro-gu
P142
Gasan Digital Complex 가산디지털단지 디지털
A, B
X
Line 7
2.4
64.8
Geumcheon-gu
P143
Doksan 독산 禿
X
X
2.0
66.8
P144
Geumcheon-gu Office 금천구청
X
O
Line 1 (Gwangmyeong)
1.2
68.0
P145
Seoksu 석수
X
X
2.3
70.3
Gyeonggi-do
Anyang-si
P146
Gwanak 관악
X
X
1.9
72.2
P147
Anyang 안양
A, C
O
Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
2.4
74.6
P148
Myeonghak 명학
X
X
2.2
76.8
P149
Geumjeong 금정
X
X
Line 4
1.4
78.2
Gunpo-si
P150
Gunpo 군포
X
O
2.2
80.4
P151
Dangjeong 당정
X
X
1.2
81.6
P152
Uiwang 의왕
X
O
3.0
84.6
Uiwang-si
P153
Sungkyunkwan University 성균관대
X
2.9
87.5
Suwon-si
P154
Hwaseo 화서 西
X
X
Shinbundang (2019)
2.6
90.1
P155
Suwon 수원
A, B, C
O
Bundang Suin Line (2016)
KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
2.1
92.2
P156
Seryu 세류
X
X
2.9
95.1
P157
Byeongjeom 병점
A, C
O
Line 1 (Seodongtan)
4.3
99.4
Hwaseong-si
P158
Sema 세마
X
X
2.4
101.8
Osan-si
P159
Osan College 오산대
X
X
2.7
104.5
P160
Osan 오산
A
O
Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
2.7
107.2
P161
Jinwi 진위
X
X
4.0
111.2
Pyeongtaek-si
P162
Songtan 송탄
X
X
3.8
115.0
P163
Seojeong-ri 서정리 西
A
O
Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
2.2
117.2
P164
Jije 지제
X
X
KTX logo.svg Suseo HSR (2016)
KTX logo.svg Honam HSR (2017)
4.8
122.0
P165
Pyeongtaek 평택
A, B
O
Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
3.7
125.7
P166
Seonghwan 성환
A
O
Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
9.4
135.1
Chungcheong
nam-do
Cheonan-si
P167
Jiksan 직산
X
X
5.4
140.5
P168
Dujeong 두정
A, B
O
3.8
144.3
P169
Cheonan 천안
A, B
O
Korail logo.svg Saemaul-ho services Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho services
3.0
147.3
P170
Bongmyeong 봉명
Janghang
Line
1.5
148.8
P171
Ssangyong 쌍용
1.5
150.3
P172
Cheonan-Asan 천안아산 KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu HSR
KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu
KTX logo.svg Honam
KTX logo.svg Honam HSR (2017)
KTX logo.svg Gyeongjeon
KTX logo.svg Jeolla
1.5
151.8
Asan-si
P174
Baebang 배방
4.9
156.7
P176
Onyangoncheon 온양온천
4.9
161.6
P177
Sinchang 신창
5.1
166.7
P144
Geumcheon-gu Office 금천구청 Line 1
Gyeongbu
KTX Line
1.2
68.0
Seoul
Geumcheon-gu
K410
Gwangmyeong 광명 KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu HSR
KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu
KTX logo.svg Honam
KTX logo.svg Gyeongjeon
KTX logo.svg Jeolla
4.7
72.7
Gyeonggi-do
Gwangmyeong-si
P157
Byeongjeom 병점 Line 1
Byeongjeom
Line
4.3
99.4
Gyeonggi-do
Hwaseong-si
P157-1
Seodongtan 서동탄 西
2.2
101.6
Osan-si

Historical Timeline[edit]

Seoul Subway map in the early 1980s, which shows the Korail-managed portions of Line 1 in blue and its underground portion as red.

1974

August 15: Line 1 is officially opened with 9 stations from Seoul to Cheongnyangni (7.8 kilometers (4.8 mi)),[1] creating a system of 28 stations (excluding the 9 metro stations) on national railroads from Seongbuk Station (now: Kwangwoon University Station, the then-northern terminus) to Incheon Station and Suwon Station. Korail is named Korean National Railroad, with Line 1 just referring to the Seoul–Cheongnyangni section.

1978

December 9: The Gyeongwon Line from Yongsan to Seongbuk opens as a new branch, with Ichon and Seongsu (now part of the Jungang Line).

1979

February 1: Yuljeon Station is opened.

1980

January 5: Sinimun Station is opened.
April 1: Seobinggo, Hannam and Hoegi (now part of the Jungang Line) are opened.
July 10: Seongsu is renamed Eungbong Station

1982

August 2: Seoksu Station is opened.

1984

January 1: Yuljeon Station is renamed Seongdae-ap Station.
May 22: Sindorim Station is opened.
November 20: Baegun Station is opened.

1985

January 14: Seokgye Station is opened.
April 20: Chang-dong is opened as a northward extension.
August 22: Wolgye and Nokcheon are opened.
October 18: Oksu Station (now part of the Jungang Line) is opened.

1986

September 2: 6 stations from Uijeongbu to Chang-dong are opened as a northward extension.

1987

October 5: Uijeongbu Bukbu Station is opened.
December 31: Jung-dong Station is opened.

1988

January 16: Onsu Station is opened.
October 25: The Ansan Line is opened as a southward branch, from Geumjeong Station to Ansan Station.

1994

July 11: Ganseok and Dowon are opened.
December 1: Seongdae-ap Station is renamed to Sungkyunkwan University.

1995

February 16: Guil Station is opened.

1996

January 1: Hwigyeong Station is renamed to Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Station
March 28: Bugae Station is opened.

1997

April 30: Sosa Station is opened.

1998

January 7: Singil and Doksan are opened.

2000

Korea National Railroad and Line 1 are integrated as Seoul (Metropolitan) Subway Line 1.

2001

November 30: Dohwa Station is opened.

2003

April 30: Seryu and Byeongjeom are opened as a southward extension. The Ansan Line service is replaced with an extended Seoul Subway Line 4.

2004

August 25: Bugok Station is renamed Uiwang Station.

2005

January 20: 8 stations from Byeongjeom to Cheonan are opened as another southward extension.
December 16: The Gyeongwon Line branch from Yongsan Station to Hoegi Station and the Jungang Line from Hoegi Station to Deokso Station open and are renamed to the separate Yongsan-Deokso Line. This service was the predecessor to the current Jungang Line.
December 21: Dongmyo Station is opened.
December 27: Sema and Osan College Stations are opened.

2006

June 30: Jinwi and Jije Stations are opened.
July 1: Garibong Station is renamed to Gasan Digital Complex.
December 15: 8 stations from Soyosan to Uijeongbu Bukbu are opened as a northward extension. A spur line to Gwangmyeong Station is created. Uijeongbu Bukbu Station is renamed to Ganeung.

2007

December 28: Deokgye Station is opened.

2008

December: 6 stations from Cheonan to Sinchang are opened as another southward extension. Siheung Station is renamed to Geumcheon-gu Office.

2010

January 21: Dangjeong Station is opened.
February 26: Seodongtan Station is opened.

Future Plans[edit]

Line 1 will be extended northward from Soyosan Station to Yeoncheon Station on the Gyeongwon Line, replacing the current "'Tonggeun" service operating there. Construction on this extension began in September 2014 and is expected to be completed somewhere in 2019.

There are also plans to extend the Gyeongbu Line branch of Line 1 to Cheongju Airport Station on the Chungbuk Line. This would create yet another branch; a new service will divert from the current extension along the Janghang Line, continue further down the Gyeongbu Line, and then divert onto the Chungbuk Line. Construction on this extension is planned to begin in 2015 and is also expected to be completed somewhere in 2019.

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Seoul Metro[edit]

  • Seoul Metro 1000 series
    • Resistor controlled electric car (2nd batch) (since 1988)
    • VVVF inverter controlled electric car (since 1999)

Korail[edit]

Former[edit]

Seoul Metro[edit]

  • Seoul Metro 1000 series
    • Resistor controlled electric car (1st batch) (from 1974 until 1999)

Korail[edit]

Depots and facilities[edit]

(from north to south)

  • Majeon signal box between Deokye and Yangju Stations
  • Chang-dong Depot (shared with Line 4)
  • Seongbuk Depot
  • Imun Depot
  • Guro Depot
  • Siheung Depot (actually after Oido Station on Line 4, also used for heavy maintenance of Line 1 trains owned by Korail, accessed by a crossover located after Geumjeong Station)
  • Byeongjeom Depot

In popular culture[edit]

Seoul Subway Line 1 is the setting and inspiration for the Korean rock musical, Line number 1 (Musical), by Hakchon Theater troupe based on the German musical, Linie 1 by Volker Ludwig.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 지하철건설현황 [Status of Subway Construction] (in Korean). Seoul City Government. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  2. ^ (Korean) <오후여담>좌측통행, Munhwailbo

External links[edit]