Seoul Subway Line 1

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Line 1
1호선(1號線)
Il Hoseon
South Korea subway logo.svg
Korail Line 1 train at Dangjeong.JPG
Statistics
Type Rapid transit/Commuter rail
System Seoul Metropolitan Subway
Status Operational
Termini Soyosan
Incheon / Sinchang / Gwangmyeong / Seodongtan
No. of stations 97
Seoul Metro: 10
Korail: 87
Operation
Opened August 15, 1974
Operator(s) Seoul Metro & Korail
Technical
Line length 200.6 km (124.6 mi)
Seoul Metro: 7.8 km (4.8 mi)[1]
Korail: 192.8 km (119.8 mi)
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)

Seoul (Metropolitan) Subway Line 1 of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, is a subway line which links central Seoul, South Korea to Soyosan Station in the northeast, Incheon in the southwest, and Sinchang via Suwon and Cheonan in the south. The central portion of this rail line is the oldest and longest subway section in the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system; the entire rail line covers a large part of the Seoul Capital Area. The underground section between Seoul Station and Cheongnyangni Station, which is referred to as Seoul Metro Line 1 (7.8 kilometers (4.8 mi)), is currently operated by Seoul Metro.[1] The line first opened in 1974 as the Korean National Railroad of Seoul, partially using national railroad tracks from Seongbuk Station (now: Kwangwoon University Station) to Incheon and Suwon Stations.[citation needed] At the time, the underground portion of Line 1 run by Seoul Metro, was labeled red on maps. On the other hand, the remaining sections of the rail line run by Korail were labeled either blue or gray on maps, and the express lines were red. In 2000, the adjacent through-running Korail lines were officially bundled together as part of a greater Line 1, and the labeling on maps was changed to the current dark blue color. Commuter railway service was recently was extended to Sinchang in December 2008.[citation needed]

Frequent service is provided between Soyosan, Dongducheon, Uijeongbu, Cheongnyangni, Seoul, Yongsan, and Guro, where trains split between Incheon in the west and Byeongjeom and Cheonan in the south. Express trains operate from Yongsan and Seoul Stations to Dongincheon and Cheonan stations.

Trains travel along Gyeongbu (Seoul-Cheonan), Gyeongin (Guro-Incheon), Janghang (Cheonan-Sinchang) and Gyeongwon (Hoegi-Soyosan).

In June 2006, Jinwi and Jije Stations opened on the Gyeongbu Line. In January 2010 Dangjeong Station opened, between Gunpo and Uiwang Stations. Part of the Gyeongwon Line from Dongducheon (formerly Dongan) to Uijeongbu was merged into Line 1 in December 2006.

The line runs on the left-hand side of the track, as opposed to the right-hand side of the track like all of the other Seoul Metropolitan Subway lines do.[2]

Rapid (Express) trains[edit]

Korail operates Rapid Trains (급행전철) for long distance commuter service on Line 1. These comprise the Yongsan-Cheonan (A rapid), Yongsan-Dongincheon, Soyosan-Dongincheon and Seoul-Cheonan rapid (B rapid) trains. Rapid train stations are marked below.

Seoul Subway Line 1 train operating diagram

Stations[edit]

YD: Yongsan - Dongincheon Express Line
YC: Yongsan - Cheonan Express Line
SC: Seoul - Cheonan Express Line

Station
Number
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hangul
Station Name
Hanja
YD
YC
SC
Transfer
Line Name
Distance
in km
Total
Distance
Location
100
Soyosan 소요산
Gyeongwon
Line
---
0.0
Gyeonggi-do
Dongducheon-si
101
Dongducheon 동두천
2.5
2.5
102
Bosan 보산
1.6
4.1
103
Dongducheonjungang 동두천중앙
1.4
5.5
104
Jihaeng 지행
1.0
6.5
105
Deokjeong 덕정
5.6
12.1
Yangju-si
106
Deokgye 덕계
2.9
15.0
107
Yangju 양주
5.3
20.3
108
Nogyang 녹양
1.6
21.9
Uijeongbu-si
109
Ganeung 가능
1.3
23.2
110
Uijeongbu 의정부
1.2
24.4
111
Hoeryong 회룡 U Line
1.6
26.0
112
Mangwolsa 망월사
1.4
27.4
113
Dobongsan 도봉산 Line 7
2.3
29.7
Seoul
Dobong-gu
114
Dobong 도봉
1.2
30.9
115
Banghak 방학
1.3
32.2
116
Chang-dong 창동 Line 4
1.7
33.9
117
Nokcheon 녹천 鹿
1.0
34.9
118
Wolgye 월계
1.4
36.3
Nowon-gu
119
Kwangwoon University 광운대
1.1
37.4
120
Seokgye 석계 Line 6
1.1
38.5
121
Sinimun 신이문
1.4
39.9
Dongdaemun-gu
122
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies 외대앞
0.8
40.7
123
Hoegi 회기 Jungang
0.8
41.5
124
Cheongnyangni 청량리 Jungang
Seoul Metro Line 1
1.4
42.9
125
Jegi-dong 제기동
1.0
43.9
126
Sinseol-dong 신설동 Line 2 (Seongsu)
Ui LRT (2014)
0.9
44.8
127
Dongmyo 동묘앞 Line 6
0.7
45.5
Jongno-gu
128
Dongdaemun 동대문 Line 4
0.6
46.1
129
Jongno 5(o)-ga 종로5가 5
0.8
46.9
130
Jongno 3(sam)-ga 종로3가 3 Line 3 Line 5
0.9
47.8
131
Jonggak 종각
0.8
48.6
132
City Hall 시청 Line 2
1.0
49.6
Jung-gu
133
Seoul Station 서울역 서울
O
Line 4 Gyeongui AREX
1.1
50.7
134
Namyeong 남영
X
Gyeongbu
Line
1.7
52.4
Yongsan-gu
135
Yongsan 용산
O
O
X
Jungang
Gyeongui (2012)
Shinbundang (2018)
1.5
53.9
136
Noryangjin 노량진
O
O
X
Line 9
2.6
56.5
Dongjak-gu
137
Daebang 대방
O
O
X
1.5
58.0
Yeongdeungpo-gu
138
Singil 신길
O
O
X
Line 5
0.8
58.8
139
Yeongdeungpo 영등포
O
O
1.0
59.8
140
Sindorim 신도림
O
O
X
Line 2
1.5
61.3
Guro-gu
141
Guro 구로
O
O
X
Line 1 (Sinchang)
1.1
62.4
142
Guil 구일
X
Gyeongin
Line
1.4
63.8
143
Gaebong 개봉
X
1.0
64.8
144
Oryu-dong 오류동
X
1.3
66.1
145
Onsu 온수
X
Line 7
1.9
68.0
146
Yeokgok 역곡
O
1.3
69.3
Gyeonggi-do
Bucheon-si
147
Sosa 소사
X
1.5
70.8
148
Bucheon 부천
O
1.1
71.9
149
Jung-dong 중동
X
1.7
73.6
150
Songnae 송내
O
1.0
74.6
151
Bugae 부개
X
1.2
75.8
Incheon
Bupyeong-gu
152
Bupyeong 부평
O
Incheon Line 1
1.5
77.3
153
Baegun 백운
X
1.7
79.0
154
Dongam 동암
O
1.5
80.5
155
Ganseok 간석
X
1.2
81.7
Nam-gu
156
Juan 주안
O
Incheon Line 2 (2016)
1.2
82.9
157
Dohwa 도화
X
1.0
83.9
158
Jemulpo 제물포
X
1.0
84.9
159
Dowon 도원
X
1.4
86.3
Jung-gu
160
Dongincheon 동인천
O
1.2
87.5
161
Incheon 인천
1.9
89.4
141
Guro 구로
O
O
X
Line 1 (Incheon)
Gyeongbu
Line
1.1
62.4
Seoul
Guro-gu
P142
Gasan Digital Complex 가산디지털단지 디지털
O
X
Line 7
2.4
64.8
Geumcheon-gu
P143
Doksan 독산 禿
X
X
2.0
66.8
P144
Geumcheon-gu Office 금천구청
X
O
Line 1 (Gwangmyeong)
1.2
68.0
P145
Seoksu 석수
X
X
2.3
70.3
Gyeonggi-do
Anyang-si
P146
Gwanak 관악
X
X
1.9
72.2
P147
Anyang 안양
O
O
2.4
74.6
P148
Myeonghak 명학
X
X
2.2
76.8
P149
Geumjeong 금정
X
X
Line 4
1.4
78.2
Gunpo-si
P150
Gunpo 군포
X
O
2.2
80.4
P151
Dangjeong 당정
X
X
1.2
81.6
P152
Uiwang 의왕
X
O
3.0
84.6
Uiwang-si
P153
Sungkyunkwan University 성균관대
X
O
2.9
87.5
Suwon-si
P154
Hwaseo 화서 西
X
Shinbundang (2019)
2.6
90.1
P155
Suwon 수원
O
O
Bundang Suin Line (2016)
2.1
92.2
P156
Seryu 세류
X
X
2.9
95.1
P157
Byeongjeom 병점
O
O
Line 1 (Seodongtan)
4.3
99.4
Hwaseong-si
P158
Sema 세마
X
X
2.4
101.8
Osan-si
P159
Osan College 오산대
X
X
2.7
104.5
P160
Osan 오산
O
O
2.7
107.2
P161
Jinwi 진위
X
X
4.0
111.2
Pyeongtaek-si
P162
Songtan 송탄
X
X
3.8
115.0
P163
Seojeong-ri 서정리 西
O
O
2.2
117.2
P164
Jije 지제
X
X
4.8
122.0
P165
Pyeongtaek 평택
O
O
3.7
125.7
P166
Seonghwan 성환
O
O
9.4
135.1
Chungcheong
nam-do
Cheonan-si
P167
Jiksan 직산
X
X
5.4
140.5
P168
Dujeong 두정
O
O
3.8
144.3
P169
Cheonan 천안
O
O
3.0
147.3
P170
Bongmyeong 봉명
Janghang
Line
1.5
148.8
P171
Ssangyong 쌍용
1.5
150.3
P172
Cheonan-Asan 천안아산
1.5
151.8
Asan-si
P174
Baebang 배방
4.9
156.7
P176
Onyangoncheon 온양온천
4.9
161.6
P177
Sinchang 신창
5.1
166.7
P144
Geumcheon-gu Office 금천구청 Line 1
Gyeongbu
KTX Line
1.2
68.0
Seoul
Geumcheon-gu
K410
Gwangmyeong 광명
4.7
72.7
Gyeonggi-do
Gwangmyeong-si
P157
Byeongjeom 병점 Line 1
Byeongjeom
Line
4.3
99.4
Gyeonggi-do
Hwaseong-si
P157-1
Seodongtan 서동탄 西
2.2
101.6
Osan-si

Historical Timeline[edit]

Seoul Subway map in the early 1980s, which shows the Korail-managed portions of Line 1 in blue and its underground portion as red.

1974

August 15: Line 1 is officially opened with 9 stations from Seoul to Cheongnyangni (7.8 kilometers (4.8 mi)),[1] creating a system of 28 stations (excluding the 9 metro stations) on national railroads from Seongbuk Station (now: Kwangwoon University Station, the then-northern terminus) to Incheon Station and Suwon Station. Korail is named Korean National Railroad, with Line 1 just referring to the Seoul–Cheongnyangni section.

1979

February 1: Yuljeon Station is opened.

1980

January 5: Sinimun Station is opened.
April 1: Seobinggo, Hannam and Hoegi (now part of the Jungang Line) are opened.

1982

August 2: Seoksu Station is opened.

1984

January 1: Yuljeon Station is renamed Seongdae-ap Station.
May 22: Sindorim Station is opened.
November 20: Baegun Station is opened.

1985

January 14: Seokgye Station is opened.
August 22: Wolgye and Nokcheon are opened.
October 18: Oksu Station (now part of the Jungang Line) is opened.

1986

September 22: 6 stations from Uijeongbu to Chang-dong are incorporated into Line 1 as a northward extension.

1987

October 5: Uijeongbu Bukbu Station is opened.
December 31: Jung-dong Station is opened.

1988

January 16: Onsu Station is opened.
October 25: Geumjeong Station is opened.

1994

July 11: Ganseok and Dowon are opened.
December 1: Seongdae-ap Station is renamed to Sungkyunkwan University.

1995

February 16: Guil Station is opened.

1996

January 1: Hwigyeong Station is renamed to Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Station
March 28: Bugae Station is opened.

1997

April 30: Sosa Station is opened.

1998

January 7: Singil and Doksan are opened.

2000

Korea National Railroad and Line 1 are integrated as Seoul (Metropolitan) Subway Line 1.

2001

November 30: Dohwa Station is opened.

2003

April 30: Seryu and Byeongjeom are incorporated into Line 1 as a southward extension.

2004

August 25: Bugok Station is renamed Uiwang Station.

2005

January 20: 8 stations from Byeongjeom to Cheonan are incorporated into Line 1 as another southward extension.
December 21: Dongmyo Station is opened.
December 27: Sema and Osan College Stations are opened.

2006

June 30: Jinwi and Jije Stations are opened.
July 1: Garibong Station is renamed to Gasan Digital Complex.
December 15: 8 stations from Soyosan to Uijeongbu Bukbu are incorporated into Line 1 as a northward extension; a spur line to Gwangmyeong Station is created; Uijeongbu Bukbu Station is renamed to Ganeung.

2007

December 28: Deokgye Station is opened.

2008

December: 6 stations from Cheonan to Sinchang are incorporated into Line 1 as another southward extension; Siheung Station is renamed to Geumcheon-gu Office.

2010

January 21: Dangjeong Station is opened.
February 26: Seodongtan Station is opened.

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Seoul Metro[edit]

  • Seoul Metro 1000 series
    • Resistor controlled electric car (2nd batch) (since 1988)
    • VVVF inverter controlled electric car (since 1999)

Korail[edit]

Former[edit]

Seoul Metro[edit]

  • Seoul Metro 1000 series
    • Resistor controlled electric car (1st batch) (from 1974 until 1999)

Korail[edit]

Depots and facilities[edit]

(from north to south)

  • Majeon signal box between Deokye and Yangju Stations
  • Chang-dong Depot (shared with Line 4)
  • Seongbuk Depot
  • Imun Depot
  • Guro Depot
  • Siheung Depot (actually after Oido Station on Line 4, also used for heavy maintenance of Line 1 trains owned by Korail, accessed by a crossover located after Geumjeong Station)
  • Byeongjeom Depot

In popular culture[edit]

Seoul Subway Line 1 is the setting and inspiration for the Korean rock musical, Line number 1 (Musical), by Hakchon Theater troupe based on the German musical, Linie 1 by Volker Ludwig.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "지하철건설현황" [Status of Subway Construction] (in Korean). Seoul City Government. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  2. ^ (Korean) <오후여담>좌측통행, Munhwailbo

External links[edit]