Separate Tables

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This article is about the plays. For the 1958 film, see Separate Tables (film).
First edition (publ. Hamish Hamilton, 1955)

Separate Tables is the collective name of two one-act plays by Terence Rattigan, both taking place in the Beauregard Private Hotel, Bournemouth, a seaside town on the south coast of England. The first play, entitled Table by the Window, focuses on the troubled relationship between a disgraced Labour politician and his ex-wife. The second play, Table Number Seven, is set about eighteen months after the events of the previous play, and deals with the touching friendship between a repressed spinster and a kindly but bogus man posing as an upper-class retired army officer, Major Pollock. The two principal roles in both plays are written to be played by the same performers. The secondary characters – permanent residents, the hotel's manager, and members of the staff – appear in both plays.

Premiere[edit]

After an out-of-town tryout in Manchester,[1] Separate Tables had its premiere at the St James's Theatre in London on 22 September 1954, with the following cast:

The play was directed by Peter Glenville, with sets by Michael Weight.[2] It opened to good reviews; Harold Hobson called the second play in the double-bill, "one of Rattigan's masterpieces, in which he shows in superlative degree his pathos, his humour and his astounding mastery over [the] English language...".[3] The production was a commercial success, running for 726 performances.[4]

Synopses[edit]

The critic Kenneth Tynan wrote that both plays are about people who are driven by loneliness into a state of desperation.[5] In Table by the Window, Martin, a once-rising politician, now turned to drink, is dining with his ex-wife, whom he was sent to prison for beating. She, having remarried, is now divorced a second time, and seeks a reconciliation with Martin. Miss Cooper, the manageress of the hotel is his mistress, but after an off-stage confrontation with the ex-wife, Miss Cooper helps, with great generosity, to bring about a cautious reunion of the former married couple.[2]

In Table Number Seven, Major Pollock tries to conceal from his fellow guests a report in the local newspaper of his sexual harassment of women at a local cinema. A repressed and hysterical young woman, under the thumb of her formidable mother, takes his side and falls in love with him. Again Miss Cooper encourages her guests to examine their feelings honestly and face their futures bravely.[2] In an early draft of the play, Rattigan had Major Pollock's misdemeanour not as harassment of women but homosexual importuning;[6] Tynan commented at the time of the premiere that the version used then was "as good a handling of sexual abnormality as English playgoers will tolerate."[5]

Revivals[edit]

Separate Tables was presented at The Music Box, New York, on 25 October 1956. It was a transfer of the London production with the same principal players and many of the supporting cast. In The New York Times, Brooks Atkinson wrote, "Since Terence Rattigan has written a particularly fine play, it is only fair that it should be wonderfully well acted."[7] The production won one Tony award (for Leighton as best dramatic actress) and was nominated for five more: for the play, the direction, and for three of the supporting cast, Neilson-Terry, Measor and William Podmore (as Fowler).[8]

Among stage revivals of the piece are Peter Hall's production at the Albery, London, in 1993 with Patricia Hodge and Peter Bowles in the principal roles,[9] and one by the Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester in 2006 using the text of Rattigan's alternative draft, with the Major's lapse as a gay one.[10]

Film adaptations[edit]

The 1958 film, with a few extra parts, was adapted for the screen by Rattigan. It starred Rita Hayworth, Deborah Kerr, David Niven, Burt Lancaster and Wendy Hiller.[11] John Schlesinger directed a television film version in 1983, with Julie Christie and Alan Bates as the two couples, with Claire Bloom as Miss Cooper and Irene Worth as Mrs Railton-Bell.[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "A Pair of Rattigan Plays at the Opera House: 'Separate Tables'", The Manchester Guardian, 7 September 1954, p. 5
  2. ^ a b c "St James's Theatre", The Times, 23 September 1954, p. 10
  3. ^ Wansell, p. 257
  4. ^ Gaye, p. 1538
  5. ^ a b Tynan, Kenneth. "Mixed Double", The Observer, 26 September 1954, p. 11
  6. ^ Glaister, Dan. "Rattigan and the curious case of the gay major", The Guardian, 26 February 1998, p. 3
  7. ^ Atkinson, Brooks. "The Theatre – Separate Tables", The New York Times, 26 October 1956, p. 32 (subscription required)
  8. ^ "Separate Tables search" Tony Awards, retrieved 19 March 2014
  9. ^ Spencer, Charles. "Putting a brave face on desperation – Terence Rattigan revealed as the poet of the stiff upper lip", The Daily Telegraph, 8 July 1993, p. 17
  10. ^ Walker, Lynne. "Rattigan's gay slant restored", The Independent, 6 April 2006, p. 48
  11. ^ "Separate Tables (1958)", British Film Institute, retrieved 19 March 2014
  12. ^ "Separate Tables (1983)", British Film Institute, retrieved 19 March 2014

References[edit]

  • Gaye, Freda (ed.) (1967). Who's Who in the Theatre (fourteenth ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons. OCLC 5997224. 
  • Wansell, Geoffrey (1995). Terence Rattigan. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN 1857022017. 

External links[edit]