Sephardic Temple Tifereth Israel
|Sephardic Temple Tifereth Israel|
|Location||Wilshire Boulevard and Warner Avenue,
Westwood, Los Angeles, United States
Sephardic Temple Tifereth Israel, also called The Sephardic Temple, is a large, urban Sephardi Jewish synagogue located in Westwood, Los Angeles, California at the corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Warner Avenue. Established in February 1, 1920 as the "Sephardic Community of Los Angeles," it exists today as the merger of three major Sephardic organizations with approximately 600 member families.
The first Sephardi Jews to arrive in Los Angeles came around 1853; however, significant numbers of Sephardim came in the early 20th century from places such as Egypt, Rhodes, Salonica, Turkey, and other regions of the former Ottoman Empire and elsewhere in the Middle East.
These early Sephardi immigrants to Los Angeles founded the Avat Shalom Society in 1912 to unify Jewish immigrants coming from the Ottoman Empire, but the society soon dissolved. In 1917, the Peace and Progress Society was formed mostly by immigrants from the island of Rhodes. In 1935 the name was changed to the Sephardic Hebrew Center and later to Sephardic Beth Shalom. Others organized the Haim VaHessed Society ("Sephardic Brotherhood") of Los Angeles.
On February 1, 1920, 39 Turkish elders of the Sephardi community formed the Sephardic Community of Los Angeles ("La Communidad"). Rabbi Abraham Caraco served as the first rabbi of the community. Minutes from the first meeting note that monthly dues would be $1 for each member. In 1924, the Sephardic Community of Los Angeles purchased property for a synagogue at 52nd Street and Second Avenue in southwest Los Angeles. The synagogue was never built at this location due to funds nearly being exhausted. Rabbi Caraco died in 1925, with Rabbi David Tovi serving from 1925 through World War II. By 1928, membership increased to the point where the property was sold, and a new larger site was purchased for $12,000 on the corner of Santa Barbara Avenue (now Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd) and LaSalle Avenue in the West Adams neighborhood of South Los Angeles. Groundbreaking ceremonies took place on September 1, 1931 with 125 members, and the new Santa Barbara Avenue Temple was dedicated on February 21, 1932 with invited guests including the mayor of Los Angeles.
Following World War II, the congregation started a choir and increased the frequency of Friday night services. Rabbi Tovi died and was replaced by Rabbi Axelrod, who in turn was replaced by Rabbi Friedman of Florence, Italy. Rabbi Friedman eventually resigned due to intra-congregational squabbling.
In 1959, the Sephardic Community of Los Angeles merged with the Haim VaHessed Society ("Sephardic Brotherhood"), forming the Sephardic Community and Brotherhood of Los Angeles. Rabbi Jacob M. Ott was invited to be the spiritual leader of the community on a trial basis, and ended up serving as Senior Rabbi until his retirement in 1992. By 1970, the congregation outgrew the Santa Barbara Avenue Temple and broke ground at the current Wilshire Boulevard and Warner Avenue site in Westwood for a new synagogue. The building would not be finally dedicated until September 15, 1981, when California Governor Jerry Brown addressed a crowd of over 1000 guests during a dedication ceremony.
On October 1, 1987, King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía of Spain visited the temple, reported to be the first visit to a synagogue by a Spanish king since the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492. In 1993, the newly named Sephardic Temple Tifereth Israel merged with Sephardic Beth Shalom, uniting all three major original Sephardic congregations in Los Angeles. In 1994 the temple installed a group of "Sephardic Heritage" stained glass windows by Israeli artist Raphael Abecassis.
Rabbi Ott's successor, Daniel Bouskila, was raised and became bar mitzvah at the temple, and became the senior rabbi two years after being hired out of rabbinical school. Under his leadership the temple's Hebrew school grew considerably, as did attendance at services. After 17 years, Bouskila decided to step down in Feb. 2010 at the age of 45 to become director of the Sephardic Educational Center. His successor as rabbi was Jay Shasho Levy, J.D, from Feb. 2010 to May 2013. In 2013, Sephardic Temple Tifereth Israel appointed Dr. Tal Sessler as Senior Rabbi and Rabbi David Cohen-Henriquez as Associate Rabbi and Talmud Torah director. Rabbi Dr. Sessler formerly served as the Rabbi of Freehold Jewish Center in New Jersey, and earlier as the Rabbi of the Jewish Center of Forest Hills West in New York. Rabbi David Cohen-Henriquez is a Hebrew College graduate and has worked in communities on the East Coast and in Central America. The Cantor is Haim Mizrahi and the Gabbai is Edward Mizrahi.
- Kerry Olitzky and Marc Lee Raphael, The American Synagogue: A Historical Dictionary and Sourcebook (Greenwood Press, 1996), ISBN 978-0-313-28856-2, pp. 46-47. Excerpts available at Google Books.
- Mathis Chazanov, "Spanish King and Queen Plan Visit to Sephardic Synagogue", Los Angeles Times, August 27, 1987.
- Patt Morrison, "Royal Aplomb Remains Intact as Penthouse Ripples : King of Spain's First Visit to Synagogue in Same Scale as His First Earthquake", Los Angeles Times, October 2, 1987.
- "Temple to Dedicate Stained-Glass Windows", Los Angeles Times, March 6, 1994.
- Julie Gruenbaum Fax, "Rabbi Bouskila to Step Down at Sephardic Temple", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, February 16, 2010.