From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following events occurred in September 1911:
- 1 September 2, 1911 (Saturday)
- 2 September 3, 1911 (Sunday)
- 3 September 4, 1911 (Monday)
- 4 September 5, 1911 (Tuesday)
- 5 September 6, 1911 (Wednesday)
- 6 September 7, 1911 (Thursday)
- 7 September 8, 1911 (Friday)
- 8 September 9, 1911 (Saturday)
- 9 September 10, 1911 (Sunday)
- 10 September 11, 1911 (Monday)
- 11 September 12, 1911 (Tuesday)
- 12 September 13, 1911 (Wednesday)
- 13 September 14, 1911 (Thursday)
- 14 September 15, 1911 (Friday)
- 15 September 16, 1911 (Saturday)
- 16 September 17, 1911 (Sunday)
- 17 September 18, 1911 (Monday)
- 18 September 19, 1911 (Tuesday)
- 19 September 20, 1911 (Wednesday)
- 20 September 21, 1911 (Thursday)
- 21 September 22, 1911 (Friday)
- 22 September 23, 1911 (Saturday)
- 23 September 24, 1911 (Sunday)
- 24 September 25, 1911 (Monday)
- 25 September 26, 1911 (Tuesday)
- 26 September 27, 1911 (Wednesday)
- 27 September 28, 1911 (Thursday)
- 28 September 29, 1911 (Friday)
- 29 September 30, 1911 (Saturday)
- 30 References
September 2, 1911 (Saturday)
- The Russian icebreaker ships Taymyr and Vaygach landed at Wrangel Island as part of the coast of Antarctica, and claimed it for the Russian Empire.
- João Pinheiro Chagas became the new Prime Minister of Portugal.
- A statue of Baron von Steuben, Prussian leader during the American Revolutionary War, was presented by U.S. Congressman Richard Bartholdt from the United States to Germany, and was unveiled at Potsdam by Kaiser Wilhelm II.
- Born: William F. Harrah, founder of Harrah's casino empire; in South Pasadena, California (d. 1978) and Romare Bearden, African-American painter, in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 1988)
September 3, 1911 (Sunday)
- Agadir Crisis: As the Kaiser and the Chancellor departed for Kiel for a display of German naval might, a crowd of 200,000 turned out for an anti-war rally at Treptower Park in Berlin. Speakers from the Social Democrats, included August Bebel and Karl Liebknecht, who criticized Germany's aggressive moves in Morocco.
September 4, 1911 (Monday)
- A professional wrestling match at Chicago's Comiskey Park attracted a sellout crowd of 30,000 people, pitting world champion Frank Gotch against George Hackenschmidt, from whom Gotch had won the title on April 3, 1908. The original bout had taken 2 hours. In the rematch, Gotch kept his title, defeating Hackenschmidt in 30 minutes.
- Harriet Quimby won her first air race, receiving $1,500 at the Richmond County Fair on New York's Staten Island.
- Delray Beach, Florida, population 250, became a city after its charter was approved by the 56 voters participating. A century later, the city population had grown to 65,000.
- France's most powerful naval fleet ever, with 50 warships, was reviewed by President Armand Fallières at Toulon. Théophile Delcassé, the French Minister of the Navy, declared in a speech that "Their powder magazines are full, and all of them could be mobilized immediately." 
- Roland G. Garros broke the altitude record, flying to 4,250 meters (13,943 feet) at Parame, France.
September 5, 1911 (Tuesday)
- Reports of the flood that would drown 200,000 people were relayed to the world by Western missionaries, after China's Yangtze River overflowed its banks. The American Mission at Wuhu initially reported that 100,000 people had drowned in the Ngan-hwei (now Anhui province) and that 95% of crops along the banks had been destroyed. Follow-up reports were that the destruction extended from I-Chang (Yichang) in the Hu-peh (Hubei) province and down to Shanghai for 700 miles. Estimates of the number of people who died have been as high as 200,000 who drowned and another 100,000 who starved or were murdered during the subsequent famine.
- The day after France showed off its 50 warships, Kaiser Wilhelm II reviewed a fleet of 99 warships of the German Navy at Kiel. The procession, which did not include three of the four Helgoland-class battleships, was seen by American observers as proof that Germany had displaced the United States as having the second most powerful navy in the world (after the British Navy).
- At the Battle of Imamzadeh Ja'far, Persian troops successfully routed rebels seeking to restore the deposed Shah, Mohammed Ali Mirza, to the throne. The outcome was reported later to have been as a result of superior weapons, with the government forces using machine guns under the direction of German adviser Major Haas. Rebel leader Arshad ed Dowleh was captured, and executed the next day. Seized with him was a large amount of gold used by the ex-Shah, who fled with his remaining 7 followers to Gumesh Tepe at the border.
- The first adult literacy program in the United States, when Cora Wilson Stewart, the school superintendent in Rowan County, Kentucky, began a program that she called the Moonlight Schools. The night classes at the county's 50 schools would take place as long as the Moon was bright enough for students to safely travel. She had expected that 150 adults might want to learn to read. Instead, 1,200 men and women signed up.
September 6, 1911 (Wednesday)
- Thomas W. Burgess became only the second person to swim across the English Channel, and the first in 36 years, after Matthew Webb had crossed on August 25, 1875. Burgess, who had failed in 15 prior attempts, arrived at Cape Grisnez on the French coast at 9:50 a.m., 22 hours and 35 minutes after setting off from South Foreland the day before.
- Recently released from prison and exiled to Vologda, Joseph Stalin (at the time Josif Dzhugashvili) made an illegal trip to Saint Petersburg to link up with the Bolshevik organization. Stalin boarded a train with the identity papers of Pyotr Chizhikov, but the Okhrana police, arrested Chizhikov and alerted the Russian capital that Stalin was on the way. Stalin was captured three days later.
- Born: Harry Danning, Jewish MLB player nicknamed "Harry the Horse", in Los Angeles (d. 2004)
- Died: Katherine Cecil Thurston, American novelist famous for The Masquerader; and Armand Cochefort, 61, French chief of detectives during the Dreyfus Affair.
September 7, 1911 (Thursday)
- French poet Guillaume Apollinaire was arrested in Paris and charged with the theft of the Mona Lisa, but released after a week. Pablo Picasso was brought in for questioning by the police, but not detained.
- The first U.S. Navy aviation unit was organized, with Lt. Theodore Gordon Ellyson as its commanding officer.
- Portugal assembled 12,000 troops at its northern border to fend off a monarchist invasion. Airplane reconnaissance estimated that 5,000 rebels were concentrated at Orense.
- Born: Todor Zhivkov, First Secretary of Bulgarian Communist Party 1954-1989, President 1971-1989; in Pravets (d. 1998)
- Died: Professor Masuchika Shimose, 52, Japanese chemist who invented "Shimose powder", a powerful explosive successfully used in shells and torpedoes by the Japanese Imperial Navy.
September 8, 1911 (Friday)
- A day after the temperature at his Antarctic camp at Framheim rose to -7.6°F, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, seven men and 86 dogs began the journey toward the South Pole. Four days later, the temperature dropped to -68°F, forcing Amundsen's return.
- General John J. Pershing, serving in the Philippines as U.S. Military Governor of the Moro Province issued Executive Order No. 24 to disarm the Moro residents. The rule made it unlawful for anyone in the province "to acquire, possess, or have the custody of any rifle, musket, carbine, shotgun, revolve, pistol or other deadly weapon from which a bullet, ball, shot, shell or other missile or missiles may be discharged by means of gunpowder or other explosive" and prohibited people from carrying "any bowie knife, dirk, dagger, kris, campilan, spear, or other deadly cutting or thrusting weapon, except tools used exclusively for working purposes having blades less than 15 inches in length" 
- The collapse of the El Dorado Theatre at Nice killed 11 construction workers.
- Lt. Col. Henry Galway was appointed as the British colonial Governor of The Gambia.
September 9, 1911 (Saturday)
- The first test of air mail service in Britain was done by an airplane flight between Hendon Aerodrome and Windsor.
- Governor Judson Harmon of Ohio opposed Taft at a campaign speech in Boston, and did not rule out a run for the Democratic nomination in 1912, with New Jersey Governor Woodrow Wilson as his running mate 
- Fourteen people were killed in a motorboat accident on Lake Trasimene in Italy.
- Born: Sir John Gorton, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (1968-1971), in Melbourne (d. 2002); and Paul Goodman, American social critic, in New York City (d. 1972)
September 10, 1911 (Sunday)
- The Lakeview Gusher, which had erupted in California on March 14, 1910, ceased as suddenly as it started, as oil stopped flowing from it in the early morning hours.
- `Abdu'l-Bahá, leader of the Baha'i Faith since 1892, gave his first lecture in the West, speaking at the City Temple in London at the request of the pastor, the Reverend John Campbell.
- Died: Mrs. Samantha Breniholz, chief telegrapher for Union Army at Battle of Gettysburg; and Edward Butler, 73, St. Louis political boss and owner of a chain of blacksmithing shops
September 11, 1911 (Monday)
- California State University, Fresno, popularly known as Fresno State, began classes as the Fresno State Normal School.
- The Pittsburgh Pirates, on the way from St. Louis to Cincinnati, stopped in West Baden, Indiana and played an exhibition game against a local African-American team, the West Baden Sprudels. The all-white Pirates, third place in the National League at the time with a record of 76-56, lost to the all-black Sprudels, 2-1.
- The Bird of Paradise, a musical credited with introducing Hawaiian music to the mainland United States, was first performed.
- With 900,000 men on the battlefield, the German Army began the largest maneuvers in history, drilling at Prenzlau at Pomerania. Exceeding any war games that had ever been done, the demonstration of German military might concluded on September 13 
- The eruption of Mount Etna in Italy sent a lava stream 2000 feet wide and four feet deep, and leaving 20,000 homeless, between Linguaglossa and Randazzo.
- After a ten day voyage from England, the Hai Chi became the first Chinese warship to visit the United States, sailing into the port of New York City. The ship, with Rear Admiral Chin Pih Kwang on board, and anchored in the Hudson River.
- Born: Lala Amarnath, first captain of Indian National cricket team after independence (d. 2000)
September 12, 1911 (Tuesday)
- The Viceroy of Szechuan Province was ordered to suppress labor unrest there and "to destroy the rebels to the last man".
- Japan abandoned its naval station at Port Arthur naval base, Manchuria.
- Died: The Most Rev. William Alexander, 87, Anglican Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh since 1896
September 13, 1911 (Wednesday)
- In Imperial China, a new constitution with 19 articles was promulgated, providing for some democratic reforms, as well as the legal authority for emergency power to issue orders. The document was only in use for a month before the Qing dynasty failed and the Republic of China was declared.
- The "Third Attack Group", the first close air support unit for the United States Army, was established with four attack squadrons of flyers.
- Born: Bill Monroe, American musician nicknamed the Father of Bluegrass Music, in Rosine, Kentucky (d. 1996)
September 14, 1911 (Thursday)
- Pyotr Stolypin, the Prime Minister of Russia was assassinated. Stolypin was shot in the stomach by Dmitry Bogrov while attending The Tale of Tsar Saltan at the opera house in Kiev, and died of his wounds four days later.
- El Primer Congreso Mexicanista, with 400 Mexican American residents of Texas in attendance, was convened at Laredo under the leadership of Nicasio Idar to advocate civil rights for Hispanic citizens. The convention approved the formation of La Gran Liga de Beneficincia y Proteccion (The Grand League for Benefits and Protection).
September 15, 1911 (Friday)
- In the largest bank robbery to that time, three safecrackers broke into a branch of the Bank of Montreal in New Westminster, British Columbia, and stole $251,161 in Canadian currency and $20,560 worth of American double eagle gold coins, with a worth in U.S. dollars of $320,000. A janitor who had happened by at 4:00 in the morning was tied up by the robbers, and the bank's caretaker did not discover the theft until two hours later. The culprits left behind another $100,000 worth of small bills and silver and escaped without notice, despite the bank being located only 25 yards away from the city police station. "Australian Jack" McNamara and Charles Dean were both tried for the theft, and both acquitted, although McNamara was convicted of stealing an automobile believed to have been used as a getaway car. Bills from the robbery continued to be spotted a decade after the robbery.;
- U.S. President Taft finished the vacation at Beverly, Massachusetts that had begun on August 11. Rather than returning to the White House, he began a 15,000 mile tour of 30 of the nation's 46 states. After spending three months away from Washington, D.C., Taft returned to the White House on November 12 
- Born: Joseph Pevney, American television and film director in New York City (d. 2008); and Luther L. Terry, U.S. Surgeon General, 1961-1965 (d. 1985)
- Died: Kimi-chan Huit, 9, subject of the Japanese children's song "The Girl in Red Shoes". Adopted by American missionary Charles Huit at the age of 3, she was abandoned to a church orphanage in Azabu-Juban when the Huits returned to the U.S., because she had tuberculosis. Statues of Kimi were erected in several sites in Japan after her story was retold in 1973, including one at Azabu-Juban.
September 16, 1911 (Saturday)
- Ten auto race fans were killed, and 13 others seriously injured in Syracuse, New York, when a car driven by Lee Oldfield, brother of Barney Oldfield blew a tire, went out of control at the New York State Fair and crashed through a fence. President Taft, a guest at the fair, had left only a few minutes earlier.
- Born: Wilfred Burchett, leftist Australian journalist, at Clifton Hill, Victoria (d. 1983)
- Died: Edward Whymper, 71, the first man to climb the Matterhorn (on July 14, 1865); and Édouard de Nieuport, 36, French aircraft pilot and designer; in a plane crash
September 17, 1911 (Sunday)
- Calbraith Perry Rodgers took off from the airstrip at Sheepshead Bay near New York City with the goal of winning the $50,000 Hearst Transcontinental Prize for the first person to fly across the United States in an airplane within 30 days and before October 10, 1911. Sponsored by the Armour Company and flying the Vin Fiz, Rodgers made 69 landings, including 19 crashes. When the deadline for the prize expired on October 10, he had only reached Marshall, Missouri, but he continued until landing in Pasadena on November 5, 1911, having covered 4,231 miles in 49 days.
September 18, 1911 (Monday)
- Osman Ali Khan was formally enthroned as the new Nizam of Hyderabad in an elaborate durbar attended by the nobility across his Indian princely state.
- The value of reconnaissance by airplane was first demonstrated to the French Army, conducted for the Grand Quartier General of the French Army, as Captain Eteve and Captain Pichot-Duclas flew from Verdun to Etraye and Romagne and provided in-depth information of their observations.
- Died: Pyotr Stolypin, 49, Prime Minister of Russia
September 19, 1911 (Tuesday)
- Labor unions across Spain called for a walkout, martial law proclaimed 
- Born: William Golding, British novelist most famous for Lord of the Flies, in Newquay, Cornwall, England; winner of 1983 Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 1993)
September 20, 1911 (Wednesday)
- The massive White Star ocean liner RMS Olympic collided with the British cruiser HMS Hawke at the Solent, the narrow strait near Southampton, and was badly damaged. The captain of the Olympic was Edward J. Smith, who would later be assigned to the White Star liner RMS Titanic, and who died after that ship sank on its maiden voyage on April 15, 1912. The White Star Line was successfully sued for damages to the Hawke after investigators determined that the Olympic had failed to yield the right of way to the smaller ship. In repairing the Olympic, the White Star Line delayed the completion and scheduled March 20, 1912 launch of the Titanic by 20 days. One historian speculated later that, "If the Hawke and the Olympic had never met, neither would the iceberg and the Titanic." 
- Born: Shriram Sharma, Indian religious leader (d. 1990) Frank De Vol, American composer for film and television, in Agra (d. 1990); and Moundsville, West Virginia (d. 1999);
- Died: Anna Parnell, 59, Irish political journalist
September 21, 1911 (Thursday)
- Canadian federal election, 1911: Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier was swept out of office and his Liberal Party lost its 133-85 majority in the 221 seat House of Commons. The Conservative Party, led by Robert Borden, picked up 47 seats for a 132-85 advantage, as voters made it clear that they did not support the proposal for full trade reciprocity with the United States.
- Chinese troops relieved the besieged city of Chengdu and found that no foreigners had been harmed.
- Died: Ahmed Arabi Pasha, 70, exiled Egyptian rebel leader of the 1881 rebellion against British rule
September 22, 1911 (Friday)
- Cy Young pitched his 511th and final win, leading the Boston Rustlers (who would be renamed the Boston Braves in 1912) to a 1-0 while visiting the Pittsburgh Pirates. The 511 wins is a record that remains unapproached a century later. Walter Johnson is second with 417 career wins, and the career record for a pitcher active in 2011 was around 200 for Tim Wakefield. Young pitched two more games in 1911, finishing with 313 losses, also a record.
September 23, 1911 (Saturday)
- In the first major demonstration by Protestant Irishmen against "Home Rule" and the separation of all of Ireland from the United Kingdom, Edward Carson led the march of 50,000 Unionists in Northern Ireland from Belfast to Craigavon, the home of James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, and addressed the crowd, declaring, "We must be prepared.. the morning Home Rule passes, ourselves to become responsible for the government of the Protestant Province of Ulster." 
- Vladimir Kokovtsov, Finance Minister, became the new Prime Minister of Russia 
- The Argentine battleship ARA Moreno, joining the Rivadavia as larger than any other warship in the world, was launched from a shipyard in Camden, New Jersey.
- Jack Donaldson of Australia, nicknamed "The Blue Streak" ran 130 yards in 12 seconds in a foot race against American challenger C.E. "Bullet" Holway, setting a new world record.
- Died: Charles Battell Loomis, 50, American humorist
September 24, 1911 (Sunday)
- A train struck a group of people on a hayride at Neenah, Wisconsin, killing 13 and seriously injuring 8. The group had been returning to Menasha from a late night wedding anniversary celebration in a fog, when it was struck by the No. 121 train of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad. The crossing, whose view was blocked by a billboard, had been the scene of several other fatal accidents in the previous 8 years.
- As war between Italy and the Ottoman Empire appeared imminent, Conrad von Hötzendorf, Chief of the Austro-Hangarian Army's General Staff, sent a proposal to the Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister Count Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, proposing that Austria attack Italy or conquer the Balkan territories.
- Born: Konstantin Chernenko, President of the Soviet Union and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR from 1984 until his death in 1985; in Bolshaya Tes, Russian Empire; and Ed Kretz, American motorcycle racer, in San Diego (d. 1996)
September 25, 1911 (Monday)
- The French battleship Liberté exploded at anchor in Toulon, France killing 235 on the ship and another 65 on other ships, in the worst disaster to have hit the French Navy. At 4:00 in the morning, a fire broke out on the ship, and at 5:35 it reached magazines of gunpowder. The largest blast happened at 5:53.
- Born: Eric Williams, first Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1981); and Lilian Ngoyi, South African anti-apartheid activist, in Pretoria (d. 1980)
- Died: Dmitri Bogrov, who had fatally wounded Premier Stolypin on September 14, was hanged
September 26, 1911 (Tuesday)
- Italo-Turkish War: The government of Italy prepared an ultimatum to Turkey, demanding cession of the Ottoman Empire's North African territory in modern day Libya, on grounds that Muslim fanatics in Tripoli were endangering Italian lives. Because Germany had been attempting to mediate the crisis between the two kingdoms, delivery of the ultimatum was held off for two days.
September 27, 1911 (Wednesday)
- Swedish general election, 1911: In the first parliamentary elections in Sweden since the introduction of universal male suffrage, the Liberal Party, led by Karl Staaf, won 102 of the 230 seats in the Riksdag, bringing an end to the Conservative government of Prime Minister Arvid Lindman.
- Born: John Harvey, British character actor, in London (d. 1982)
- Died: A. K. Loring, 74, founder of the first circulating library (in Boston)
September 28, 1911 (Thursday)
- Italo-Turkish War: Italy's ultimatum served upon Turkish Grand Vizier Ibrahim Hakki Pasha at noon by Giacomo De Martino, the Italian Chargé d'Affaires at Constantinople after negotiations by Baron Marschall von Bieberstein, the German Ambassador, had failed, giving Turkey 24 hours to give up Libya or to go to war.
- Five days after the appeal in Belfast by Edward Carson, "Ulster Day" was set aside for residents of the Irish province to sign a covenant to resist rule from Dublin in the event that Ireland was granted Home Rule. The pledge was signed by 237,368 men and 234,046 women.
September 29, 1911 (Friday)
- Italo-Turkish War: After its ultimatum to Turkey expired at noon, the Italian destroyer Garibaldino sailed into the harbor at Tripoli, and an officer from the ship approached the commander of the Turkish Army to formally demand the city's surrender, which was refused. At 2:30 pm, Italy declared war on Ottoman Empire at 2:30 pm after Turkey declined to surrender Tripoli. Having failed to prepare Turkey for war, Grand Vizier Hakkı Pasha resigned and was succeeded by Mehmed Said Pasha. The landing of Italian troops took place simultaneously at Tripoli, Benghazi, Derna and Tobruk, "accompanied by the first air raids in history, with the pilots of early biplanes flying low over their targets and lobbing small bombs out by hand"  Within a year, Libya would become a protectorate of Italy.
- Died: Henry Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote, 65, who served from 1904 to 1908 as the 3rd Governor-General of Australia
September 30, 1911 (Saturday)
- Austin Dam Disaster: A concrete dam, maintained by the Bayless Pulp and Paper Mill, burst at 2:30 in the afternoon, sending 4,500,000 gallons of water through the town of Austin, Pennsylvania and the smaller localities of Costello and Wharton. Officially, seventy-eight people were killed, although the initial estimate of death was almost 1,000.`
- The U.S. Army became the first army in the world to make vaccinations against typhoid mandatory. Within 9 months, the whole army had been immunized against typhoid.
- Born: Ruth Gruber, American humanitarian, in New York City
- Died: Wilhelm Dilthey, 77, German philosopher
- William J. Mills, Exploring Polar frontiers: A - L., Volume 1 (ABC-CLIO, 2003) p720
- "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (October 1911), pp415-419
- "New Portuguese Cabinet", New York Times, September 3, 1911
- "Kaiser Unveils Steuben Statute", New York Times, September 3, 1911
- "Berlin Anti-War Protest", New York Times, September 4, 1911; "Berlin, 1871-1920", by Dick Geary, in Radical Cultures and Local Identities (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010) p16; Jay Brunhouse, Maverick Guide to Berlin (Pelican Publishing, 2007) p300
- "Gotch, Frank Alvin", in The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa (University of Iowa Press, 2009) p194; "Gotch Champion Wrestler of World", New York Times, September 5, 1911
- Margo McLoone, Jacquelyn L. Beyer, Women Explorers of the Air: Harriet Quimby, Bessie Coleman, Amelia Earhart, Beryl Markham, Jacqueline Cochran (Capstone Press, 1999) p13; "Girl Flies by Night at Richmond Fair", New York Times, September 5, 1911
- William E. McGoun, Southeast Florida pioneers: the palm and treasure coasts (Pineapple Press Inc, 1998) p64
- "French Fleet Ready, Salutes President", New York Times, September 5, 1911
- "Garros Ascends 13,943 Feet", New York Times, September 5, 1911
- "100,000 Chinese Drowned?", New York Times, September 5, 1911
- "Floods, Famines, Revolts in China", New York Times, September 6, 1911
- Stephen J. Spignesi, The 100 Greatest Disasters of All Time (Citadel Press, Nov 1, 2002) pp35-36
- "Kaiser Reviews His Fleet— Experts Believe Germany Is Now World's Second Naval Power", New York Times, September 6, 1911
- "Machine guns Won Battle", New York Times, September 9, 1911
- "Persian Rebel Leader Executed", New York Times, September 7, 1911 "Ex-Shah in Full Flight", New York Times, September 13, 1911
- Edward G. Browne, The Press and Poetry of Modern Persia (Kalimat Press, 1983) p248; Steven R. Ward, Immortal: A Military History of Iran and its Armed Forces (Georgetown University Press, 2009) p104
- Carol Crowe-Carraco, Women Who Made a Difference (University Press of Kentucky, 1989) p38; William A. Link, The Paradox of Southern Progressivism, 1880-1930 (UNC Press Books, 1997) pp138-140
- "Burgess Swims English Channel", New York Times, September 8, 1911; Glenn Stout, Young Woman and the Sea: How Trudy Ederle Conquered the English Channel and Inspired the World (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009;"Thomas William Burgess", Rotherhamweb.co.UK]
- Roman Brackman, The Secret File of Joseph Stalin: A Hidden Life (Taylor & Francis, 2003) p66
- Eric Hanson, A Book of Ages: An Eccentric Miscellany of Great and Offbeat Moments in the Lives of the Famous and Infamous, Ages 1 to 100 (Random House, 2010)
- Walter J. Boyne, Air Warfare: an International Encyclopedia: M-Z (ABC-CLIO, 2002) p193
- "Portugal Menaced by Royalist Army", New York Times, September 11, 1911
- Paul Simpson-Housley, Antarctica: exploration, perception, and metaphor (Routledge, 1992) p26
- Arthur Stanwood Pier, American apostles to the Philippines (Ayer Publishing, 1971) p122
- "Nice Restaurant Crash Kills Eleven", New York Times, September 9, 1911
- The Britannica Year-Book 1913: A Survey of the World's Progress Since the Completion in 1910 of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1913) p xi
- "Harmon Criticises Taft's Tariff Stand", New York Times, September 10, 1911
- "Harmon and Wilson Boomed for 1912", New York Times, September 16, 1911
- W. O. Durham, From Kittyhawk to the Moon: The Life, Times and Heritage of a Texas Oilman (Vantage Press, Inc, 2007) p315; "LAKEVIEW GUSHER STOPS FLOWING", Bakersfield Californian, September 11, 1911, p1
- Jack McLean and Anthony A. Lee, Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Baha'I Theology (Kalimat Press, 1997) p xviii; K. Paul Johnson, Initiates of Theosophical Masters (SUNY Press, 1995) p98
- "Fresno State Centennial: Our History"
- Paul Debono, The Indianapolis ABCs: History of a Premier Team in the Negro Leagues (McFarland, 1997) p33; "Still Josh Keene About His Defeat", Pittsburgh Press, September 13, 1911, p20
- Charles Hiroshi Garrett, Struggling to Define a Nation: American Music and the Twentieth Century (University of California Press, 2008) p178
- "900,000 Under Arms", New York Times, September 10, 1911
- "Havoc from Etna Volcano", New York Times, September 13, 1911
- "Chinese Cruiser Welcomed to Port", New York Times, September 12, 1911
- "General Rebellion Is Feared in China", New York Times, September 13, 1911
- Shao-chuan Leng, ed., Coping with Crises: How Governments Deal with Emergencies (University Press of America, 1990) p175
- Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett, Military innovation in the interwar period (Cambridge University Press, 1998) p175
- "Stolypin Shot; Czar Present", New York Times, September 15, 1911
- "Idar, Nicasio" in Matt S. Meier and Margo Gutiérrez, Encyclopedia of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000) p113
- "Bank Robbers Get More than $320,000, New York Times, September 16, 1911; "Old Bank Robbery Case", Montreal Gazette, July 18, 1916, p5
- "Stolen Money in Circulation- After More Than 10 Years, Loot From New Westminster Bank Shows Up", Spokane Daily Chronicle, February 23, 1922, p2; Fred Thirkell and Bob Scullion, Philip Timms' Vancouver: 1900-1910 (Heritage House Publishing Co, 2006) p163
- "Taft Holiday Near End", New York Times, September 12, 1911
- "President Taft Ends His 15,000 Mile Tour", New York Times, November 12, 1911
- Jay Navok-Rudranath, Warriors of Legend: Reflections of Japan in Sailor Moon (Booksurge Llc, 2005) p40
- "9 Die, 14 Hurt at Auto Race", New York Times, September 17, 1911 ; "Auto Race Dead Now Number Ten", New York Times, September 18, 1911
- Fred Culick and Spencer Dunmore, On Great White Wings: The Wright Brothers and the Race for Flight (Hyperion, 2001) pp151-153
- Benjamin B. Cohen, Kingship and Colonialism in India's Deccan, 1850-1948 (Macmillan, 2007) p81
- Terrence J. Finnegan, Shooting the Front: Allied Aerial Reconnaissance and Photographic Interpretation on the Western Front in World War I (U.S. Center for Strategic Intelligence Research, 2006) p9
- "Olympic Hit by a Cruiser; Badly Damaged", New York Times, September 21, 1911
- Richard Howells, The Myth of the Titanic (Palgrave Macmillan, 1999) pp19-20; Bill Fawcett and Brian Thomsen, eds., You Did What?: Mad Plans and Great Historical Disasters (HarperCollins, 2004)
- Steve Turner, The Band That Played on: The Extraordinary Story of the 8 Musicians Who Went Down With the Titanic (Thomas Nelson Inc, 2011) pp86-89
- Ross King, Defiant Spirits: The Modernist Revolution of the Group of Seven (Douglas & McIntyre, 2010); "Reciprocity Thrown out by Canadians", New York Times, September 22, 1911
- "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (November 1911), pp543-546
- "Cheng-Tu Relieved", New York Times, September 22, 1911
- Rich Westcott, Winningest Pitchers: Baseball's 300-game Winners (Temple University Press, 2002) p56; "Old Cy Young Whitewashes Buccaneers", Pittsburgh Press, September 23, 1911, p8
- John Plowright, The Routledge Dictionary of Modern British History (Taylor & Francis, 2006) p52-53
- "Moreno Launched For Argentine Navy", New York Times, September 24, 1911
- Edward S. Sears, Running through the Ages (McFarland, 2001) p170
- "13 Dead, 8 Injured as Train Hits Wagon", New York Times, September 25, 1911
- Luciano Monzali, The Italians of Dalmatia: From Italian Unification to World War I (University of Toronto Press, 2009) p280
- "The Liberte Is Blown Up; Over 350 Dead", New York Times, September 26, 1911
- "Italy's Ultimatum", New York Times, September 27, 1911
- "Sweden", in The Britannica Year-Book 1913, p1143; "Swedish Cabinet Resigns", New York Times, October 1, 1911
- "Italy to Act at Noon To-Day", New York Times, September 29, 1911
- "ITALY BEGINS WAR ON TURKEY; WINS FIRST NAVAL BATTLE"; "Tripoli Refuses Surrender"; "Italy Declares War", New York Times, September 30, 1911
- "Will Not Defend Tripoli- Turkish Government So Decides- Said Pasha Heads New Cabinet", New York Times, September 30, 1911
- John Julius Norwich, The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean (Random House Digital, Inc., 2007)
- "Nearly 1,000 Dead in Austin, Pa., Devastated by Flood and Fire", New York Times, October 1, 1911, p1; Ben Gelber, The Pennsylvania Weather Book (Rutgers University Press, 2002) p194
- Vincent J. Cirillo, Bullets and Bacilli: The Spanish-American War and Military Medicine (Rutgers University Press, 2004) p125;