|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2013)|
|Maintained by||Bureau of Street Services, City of L.A. DPW, Co. of L.A. DPW, Caltrans|
|Length||42.8 mi (68.9 km)|
|North end||I-5 in San Fernando|
| SR 118 in Mission Hills
US 101 in Van Nuys
SR 2 in West Los Angeles
I-10 in West Los Angeles
I-105 near LAX Airport
I-110 West Carson / Carson
|South end||SR 103 in Long Beach|
Sepulveda Boulevard is a street in Los Angeles, California, which stretches some 42.8 miles (about 69 km) from Rinaldi Street at the north end of the San Fernando Valley to the city limits of Hermosa Beach, where it "jumps" 1.3 miles (2.1 km) east and continues on to Long Beach. It generally runs north-south, passing underneath two of the runways of Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). It is the longest street in the city and county of Los Angeles.
In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, first Europeans to see inland areas of California, traveled north through Sepulveda pass on August 4. The party had been travelling west, intending to reach and follow the coast, but were discouraged by the steep coastal cliffs beginning at today's Pacific Palisades and decided to detour inland. They found the pass through the Santa Monica Mountains and followed it into the San Fernando Valley.
Sepulveda Boulevard is named for the Sepulveda family of San Pedro, California. The termination of Sepulveda is on a part of the Sepulveda family ranch, Rancho Palos Verdes, which consisted of 31,619 acres (127.96 km2) of the Palos Verdes Peninsula. In 1784 the Spanish land grant for Rancho San Pedro was issued to Juan Jose Dominguez by King Carlos III—the Spanish Empire. A judicial decree was made by Governor José Figueroa which was intended to settle the land dispute between the Domínguez and Sepúlveda families. The rancho was formally divided in 1846, with Governor Pío Pico granting Rancho de los Palos Verdes to José Loreto and Juan Capistrano Sepulveda.
Sepulveda Boulevard from a Boeing 757 on approach to LAX
There is a Sepulveda Boulevard in Sylmar, in the San Fernando Valley, starting at San Fernando Road and ending at Roxford Street, which is now used primarily as a service road along the Golden State Freeway (Interstate 5). Prior to the construction of the San Diego Freeway (Interstate 405), the two present-day sections of Sepulveda Boulevard were connected; the Interstate 5 / Interstate 405 interchange was built over the old boulevard between Roxford and Rinaldi streets.
The main portion of Sepulveda Boulevard now begins at Rinaldi Street in Mission Hills and heads south, running parallel to the 405 through North Hills and Van Nuys. After intersecting Ventura Boulevard in Sherman Oaks, it crosses under the 405 and climbs the Sepulveda Pass in a serpentine fashion, peaking at Mulholland Drive (although it does not intersect it, rather tunneling beneath it) near the Skirball Cultural Center. It once again parallels the 405 through a small canyon in Bel Air before flattening out in Brentwood, into the Los Angeles Basin.
Sepulveda Boulevard functions as a primary thoroughfare through West Los Angeles and upon entering Culver City it merges with Jefferson Boulevard just north of Slauson Avenue. Heading directly south through Westchester, Sepulveda merges with Lincoln Boulevard on the north side of Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). After the merge with Lincoln, it becomes signed as State Route 1. It then tunnels under the runways of LAX and the western terminus of Interstate 105 into El Segundo and the South Bay.
In the South Bay, Sepulveda Boulevard runs from El Segundo through Manhattan Beach and enters Hermosa Beach, where it becomes Pacific Coast Highway (PCH), at Artesia Boulevard, and continues its southern journey.
At Torrance Boulevard (formerly Opal Street) in Redondo Beach, the road turns east a few blocks to Camino Real, then south by southeast to Torrance, where Sepulveda begins again. (That is because originally PCH was Camino Real in Redondo, and it cut and curved directly through to the Camino Real of today.) The roadway is part of El Camino Real, with historic bells along the street to indicate this.
Sepulveda Boulevard runs southeast through Torrance, Harbor Gateway (from Western Avenue to Normandie Avenue) and the unincorporated area of Los Angeles County known as West Carson (from Normandie to the Harbor Freeway (Interstate 110). It then continues eastward through Carson to Long Beach, where the name changes to Willow Street, which then changes to the major Katella Avenue thoroughfare upon crossing the Orange County border.
Public transit along Sepulveda Boulevard is provided by several different bus lines. The north south-part provides bus service in the San Fernando Valley by Metro Local line 234 and Metro Rapid line 734, through the Sepulveda Pass by Metro Local line 233 and Metro Rapid line 761, through West Los Angeles, Culver City and LAX by Culver City Transit Line 6 and Rapid 6, and through El Segundo and Manhattan Beach by Metro Local line 232. The west-east portion of Sepulveda Boulevard provides bus service by Torrance Transit line 7. The Orange Line serves a station a block west of Sepulveda Boulevard in Van Nuys. The Metro Expo Line is proposed to operate a rail station at Exposition Boulevard, beginning in 2015.
|San Fernando||I-5 (Golden State Freeway) / I-405 (San Diego Freeway)||North end of arterial|
|Mission Hills||SR 118 (Ronald Reagan Freeway)|
|Van Nuys||US 101 (Ventura Freeway)|
|Sherman Oaks||Former (BUS) US 101 (Ventura Boulevard)|
|West Los Angeles|| SR 2 (Santa Monica Boulevard)
I-10 (Santa Monica Freeway)
|Venice Boulevard||Former SR 187|
|Culver City||SR 90 (Marina Freeway)|
|Westchester||Former SR 42 (Manchester Boulevard)||Beginning of SR 1 overlapping|
|El Segundo||I-105 (Century Freeway)|
|Artesia Boulevard||Former SR 91|
|Redondo Beach||Torrance Boulevard
Ending of SR 1 overlapping
|Ending of Metro Green Line (at Marine Avenue)|
|Torrance||Former SR 107 (Hawthorne Boulevard)|
|Western Avenue||Former SR 213|
|West Carson||I-110 (Harbor Freeway)|
|Long Beach||Name changes to Willow Street||South end of arterial|
In popular culture
- Sepulveda Boulevard is referenced in the 1947 song "Pico and Sepulveda" by Freddy Martin and his orchestra.
- Tiny Toon Adventures has an episode titled and set on Sepulveda Boulevard as a parody of the film Sunset Boulevard, named for another major street in Los Angeles.
- "The Long and the Short of the Southland's Street Names", by Cecilia Rasmussen, Los Angeles Times, December 10, 2006, B2
- Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. pp. 150–151. Retrieved April 2014.
- Line 234
- Line 734
- Culver Line 6
- Line 232
- Torrance Line 7
- "A landscape of names" (PDF). Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 27, 2006.
- Sepulveda Boulevard Roadtrip