Sequoyah County, Oklahoma
|Sequoyah County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|• Total||715 sq mi (1,852 km2)|
|• Land||674 sq mi (1,746 km2)|
|• Water||41 sq mi (106 km2), 5.74%|
|• Density||58/sq mi (22/km²)|
Sequoyah County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,391. The county seat is Sallisaw. Sequoyah County was created in 1907 when Oklahoma became a state. It was named after Sequoyah, who created the Cherokee syllabary.
Archaeological sites within the borders of the present county date to the Archaic Period (6000 B.C. to 1 A.D.). A slightly smaller number of sites date to the Plains Village Period (1000 to 1500 A.D.).
French traders came to this area in the 1700s, but Spain claimed the area until 1800, when France asserted control. The Louisiana Purchase passed control to the United States. The area was actually inhabited by the Osage Nation until 1816, when Lovely's Purchase occurred, allowing Western Cherokees to settle there before their compulsory removal. The area was then known as Lovely County, Arkansas Territory. However, the Cherokee were removed from Arkansas in 1829 and came to the present Sequoyah County. Sequoyah was among those who moved at the time, building a cabin that still stands. Dwight Mission was also moved to a site on Sallisaw Creek. It also still stands.
The Cherokee Nation established their first capital at a place they called Tahlonteeskee (Tahlontuskey), near the present town of Gore, Oklahoma. Tahlonteeskee remained the capital until 1839, when it was superseded by Talequah. It continued as a meeting place for "Old Settlers."
This area, then known as the Sequoyah District became a hot bed of Confederate sympathizers during the Civil War. The only combat occurred when Stand Watie and his Confederate troops captured a Union steamboat on the Illinois River June 15, 1864.
|Sequoyah County Sheriff's Office|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||County (US) of Sequoyah in the state of Oklahoma, United States|
|Legal jurisdiction||As per operations jurisdiction.|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The county is divided between the Ozark Plateau in the north and the Ouachita Mountains in the south. The Cookson Hills are in the northwest part of the county. The Arkansas River forms the southern border. Other major waterways are the Illinois River and Robert S. Kerr Reservoir.
- Cherokee County & Adair County (north)
- Crawford County, Arkansas (east)
- Sebastian County, Arkansas (southeast)
- Le Flore County (south)
- Haskell County (southwest)
- Muskogee County (west)
National protected areas
As of the census of 2000, there were 38,972 people, 14,761 households, and 10,982 families residing in the county. The population density was 22/km² (58/mi²). There were 16,940 housing units at an average density of 10/km² (25/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.12% White, 1.86% Black or African American, 19.64% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 9.39% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 95.8% spoke English, 2.1% Cherokee and 1.7% Spanish as their first language.
There were 14,761 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,615, and the median income for a family was $32,673. Males had a median income of $26,613 versus $19,751 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,405. About 16.10% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.80% of those under age 18 and 18.10% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2008||68.00% 9,466||32.00% 4,454|
|2004||60.00% 8,865||40.00% 5,910|
|2000||53.97% 6,614||44.27% 5,425|
Cities and towns
The following sites in Sequoyah County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
The county law enforcement is the Sequoyah County, Oklahoma Sheriff's Office. The department patrols all of the county's rural areas and provides at least three investigators in the department. The current sheriff is Ron Lockhart, a 21 year veteran of the Fort Smith, Arkansas police department.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Anderson, William L. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Sequoyah County." Accessed May 23, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Sequoyah County
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory