|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2008)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Islam; minority practice Hinduism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Punjabi people • Sindhi people • Baloch people|
The Saraiki people (Saraiki: سرائیکی قوم) are a recently developed linguistic group native to southern Punjab, northern Sindh, Southern Khyber Pakhtunkha and northeastern Balochistan provinces of Pakistan. Seraiki definition is vague since there is no proof of Seraiki civilization before the creation of Pakistan. Also before the creation of Pakistan Punjabi language was divided into diaelects and Multani diaelect was the dominant diaelect of South Punjab that was later referred to as the Seraiki language. This definition was promoted in the 1960s mostly by Balochs and Pushtoons who want to disassociate with Punjabi identity.
The Saraiki speaking people follow many religions, among them mostly Islam but also some are Hindu. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Seraiki region of Pakistan. A significant number of Saraiki speaking people also reside in India, with most concentrated in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
- "Saraiki". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- Pierre Herman Leonard Eggermont. "Alexander's campaigns in Sind and Baluchistan and the siege of the Brahmin". Pp 146>.