Serbia and Montenegro participated in the Eurovision Song Contest twice, from 2004 (see Eurovision 2004). This entry was a success, the country finishing second with the performance of Željko Joksimović. In 2005, the second performance fared 7th, courtesy of the band No Name from Podgorica, Montenegro. Serbia and Montenegro is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages.
Serbia and Montenegro had been sent to take part in the 2003. However they were unable to take part after the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) decided that too many countries would be relegated if the country took part.RTS held a contest – Beovizija 2003 – to be used as a "rehearsal" for next years Eurovision selection, held between 12–14 April. The winner was Toše Proeski with "Čija si" – Proeski would go on to represent his home country Macedonia the following year.
No Name were close to becoming the national entry once more, for the 2006 Eurovision Song Contest in Athens, however since their 2005 win of the national qualifier had been disputed due to tactical voting by the Radio-Television of Montenegro jury, and since the 2006 vote saw a repeat of this, the UJRT, the national union of broadcasters, did not reach an agreement on sending them to the contest again. On 20 March 2006, Serbia and Montenegro officially withdrew from the ESC. The country did however participate in the final voting for the winner. The Eurovision semifinal was not broadcast in Montenegro in 2006, and so the votes from Serbia & Montenegro, were actually from Serbia alone.
Even though Serbia and Montenegro did not send an entry to the 2006 contest, they were already entered into the Semi-Final by the EBU due to not pulling out of the contest early enough. Therefore pulling out too late meant Serbia and Montenegro had automatically been placed 24th (last) in a contest they did not compete in.
a. ^ Serbia and Montenegro withdrew from the 2006 contest on 20 March 2006, due to the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006. However the EBU granted them permission to participate in the semi-final and final voting. The Eurovision semifinal was not broadcast in Montenegro in 2006, and so the votes from Serbia and Montenegro, were actually from Serbia alone.
b. If a country won the previous year, they did not have to compete in Semi Finals, or back in the early 2005-2007 era, countries who done well did not have to compete in Semi Finals the following year. The top ten non-Big four along with the Big four countries automatically qualified, for example, if Germany and France placed inside the top 10, the 11th and 12th spots were advanced to next year's Grand Final along with everyone within the top 10.