first participated at the Serbia in Olympic Games 1912 as the Kingdom of Serbia. Serbia returned to the Olympics as an independent team after ninety-six years at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Despite not participating in the first Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens, Serbian king Aleksandar Obrenović attended the games at the invitation of Greek king George I and at these Games Momčilo Tapavica who competed for Hungary, became the first ethnic Serb to win an Olympic medal, bronze in tennis. From [1 ] 1920 to the 1992 Winter Olympics Serbian athletes participated as part of the Yugoslavian team. At the 1992 Summer Olympics they participated as Independent Olympic Participants as their nation was under United Nations sanctions. The continuing sanctions meant that no Serbian athletes competed at the 1994 Winter Olympics. Sanctions were mostly lifted in 1995. From the 1996 Summer Olympics to the 2006 Winter Olympics they participated as part of the Serbia and Montenegro team.
The best example to illustrate the situation is the seven-time Olympian shooter and the 1988 gold medalist
Jasna Šekarić who competed under four different banners at her twenty-four-year Olympic career. She started under the flag of Yugoslavia in 1988, then she competed as an Independent Participant in 1992, under the flag of Serbia and Montenegro from 1996 to 2004 and in 2008 and 2012 she represented Serbia.
Medal tables [ edit ]
Medals by Summer Games [ edit ]
Medals by Winter Games [ edit ]
Medals by sport [ edit ]
Medalists [ edit ]
Old countries [ edit ]
Olympic Committee of Serbia, created in 1910 and recognized in 1912, continues the tradition of the Yugoslav Olympic Committee and the Olympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro. In the period from 1920 to 2006, athletes representing these defunct countries won a total of 99 medals: 95 at Summer Games and 4 at Winter Games. [2 ]
Reaction to Kosovo participation [ edit ]
breakup of Yugoslavia, only Kosovar athletes of Serbian ethnicity participated as part of Serbia and Montenegro and Serbia. Тhe Olympic Committee of Kosovo was established 1992. On 17 February 2008 [3 ] Kosovo's Parliament declared independence from Serbia. Despite the invitation from the Serbian Olympic Committee, most Kosovo Albanians wanted to compete separately. The OCK was recognised as a provisional member of the [4 ] International Olympic Committee on 22 October 2014, before becoming a full member on 9 December 2014. At that time, Kosovo was not a member or observer state of the [5 ] United Nations, but it has gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 108 out of 193 UN member states. Serbia still continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.
In reaction to the decision of the International Olympic Committee to accept
Kosovo as the full member, Vlade Divac said that the Serbian Olympic Committee did all they could, but now it was time to be "part of the society" and accept Kosovo in the Olympics. Foreign minister Ivica Dačić and minister of sports Vanja Udovičić expressed their protest, but said there would be no boycott of the games or any protests. Kosovo is expected to participate at the [6 ] 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the 2015 European Games in Baku, Azerbaijan, as an independent national team. [7 ] [8 ] [9 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]