Yugoslav Braille

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Yugoslav Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian
Parent systems
Braille
  • Yugoslav Braille
Print basis
Gaj's Latin alphabet
Macedonian alphabet
Slovene alphabet

Yugoslav Braille is a family of closely related braille alphabets used for the Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, and Macedonian languages. It is based on the unified international braille conventions, with the letters corresponding to their Latin transliterations.

Alphabet[edit]

Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
Serbian а б ц ћ ч д ђ џ - е ф г -
Croatian a b c ć č d đ - e f g -
Macedonian а б ц - ч д - џ ѕ е ф г ѓ
Slovene a b c - č d - - - e f g -
Braille ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)  
Serbian х и ј к - л љ м н њ о п  
Croatian h i j k - l lj m n nj o p  
Macedonian х и ј к ќ л љ м н њ о п  
Slovene h i j k - l - m n - o p  
Braille ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)  
Serbian - р с ш т у в - - - з ж  
Croatian q r s š t u v w x y z ž  
Macedonian - р с ш т у в - - - з ж  
Slovene q r s š t u v w x y z ž  
Accents
(print accents illustrated on the letter e)
Print è ȅ é ȇ
Braille ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56)

Punctuation[edit]

Serbian and Croatian Braille differ in quotation marks, brackets, and in the period/full stop vs. apostrophe.[1] There is less punctuation reported for Slovene and Macedonian Braille, but what there is matches Serbian conventions.

Blank cells in the tables are unattested.

Single punctuation:

Print , .[1]  ?  ! '[1]  ;  : * - _ / & §   ¶
Croatian ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
Serbian ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)

Paired punctuation:

Print “ ...... ”[1] ‘ ...... ’ ( ...... )[1] [ ...... ] { ...... } / ...... /
Croatian ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)
Serbian ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

Formatting[edit]

⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
(num.) (end
num.)
(Caps) (CAPS) (l.c.) (emph.) (super-
script)

The superscript is reported for Croatian Braille; in Serbian Braille, is used for the virgule /. In Slovene Braille, the emphasis (bold/italic) marker is reported to be an abbreviation sign.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e The Croatian apostrophe is unusual by international standards, and it's possible the period and apostrophe were swapped in a copy error by Unesco (2013) and copied from them to other sources. Croatian Wikipedia gives for the period and for parentheses, both agreeing with Serbian Braille.