Serbian diaspora

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Geographical distribution of Serbian diaspora

Serbian diaspora refers to the Serbian communities that have formed outside Serbia and autochthonous areas of Western Balkans. Existence of a numerous Serbian diaspora are mainly consequences of either economic or political (coercion or expulsions) reasons.

There are over 2 million Serbs in diaspora throughout the world, although some sources put that figure as high as 4 million.[1] The largest community is found in German-speaking countries (Germany, Austria and Switzerland) amounting in total to more than 1.2 million.[2][3][4] The largest overseas community is reported from the United States, with more than 1 million members.

Historical preview[edit]

There were several waves of Serbian emigration:

  • First wave of Serb emigration took place since the end of 19th century and lasted until the World War II and was caused by economic reasons; particularly large numbers of Serbs (mainly from peripheral ethnical areas such as Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Lika) emigrated to the United States.
  • Second wave took place after the end of the World War II. At this time, members of royalist Chetniks and other political opponents of communist regime fled the country mainly going overseas (United States and Australia) and, to a lesser degree, United Kingdom.
  • Third, and by far the largest wave, was economic emigration started in the 1960s when several Western European countries signed billateral agreements with then-Yugoslavia allowing the recruitment of workers from Yugoslavia to work in the industrial sector of those countries, and lasted until the end of the 1980s. Main destinations for Serbian emigrants were West Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, and to a lesser extent France and Sweden. That generation of Serbian diaspora is collectively known as gastarbajteri (after German word "Gastarbeiter" meaning guest-worker, since the most of the emigrants headed for German-speaking countries).
  • Most recent emigration took place during the 1990s, and was caused by both political and economic reasons. Political reasons were dominant cause for Serbs from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina since there were war raging in the first half of the 1990s. On the other side, for Serbs from Serbia main reasons for emigrating was economic collapse which Serbia experienced during that decade caused by the UN economic sanctions imposed on the country. It is estimated that 300,000 people left Serbia during that period, 20% of which had a higher education.

Statistics[edit]

Serbian disapora is mainly to be found in the Western Europe, Russian Federation and the overseas countries (United States, Canada, Australia and Argentina). Below is the list of largest Serbian communities (with over 50,000 members).

Europe[edit]

Overseas[edit]

North America
  • USA: 187,739 (2010) [10] - 1,000,000 (est.)
  • Canada: 80,320 (2011) [11] - 250,000 (est.)
South America
Oceania

By cities[edit]

former Yugoslavia
elsewhere

Serbian diaspora by states[edit]

List of countries and territories by Serbian population
Rank Country/territory Official data Notes
1  Germany 241,374 Serbian citizens (2013)[23] 700,000 ethnic Serbs (incl. ancestry),[24][25] see Serbs in Germany
2  Austria 132,553 with Austrian citizenship (2014)[26] 250,000, Association members (2007),[citation needed] 300,000 (2008),[27] 320 000+ Serbs in Austria (Domestic numbers)[28]
3   Switzerland 90,704 (2013)[29] 150,000 (Immigrants regardless of ethnicity from Serbia and Montenegro, 2000)[30] 200,000 (Immigrants, 2008)[31] Unknown number of ethnic Serbs in Switzerland
4  United States 199,080 Serbian Americans (2012)[32]
5  Australia 69,544 (2011)[33] Serbs in Australia
6  Sweden 15,289 (2014)[34] 80,000 (2003),[35] 120,000 Serbs in Sweden (2008)[citation needed]
7  France 46,385 (2011)[36] 70,000-100,000 Serbs in France[citation needed]
8  Italy 46,958 (2013)[37] 109,474 Immigrants from Serbia (2014), Unknown number of Serbs in Italy
9  Slovenia 26,368 (2011)[38]
10  United Kingdom 7,581 (2011)[39] Unknown number of Serbs in the United Kingdom
11  Romania 18,076 (2011)[40] Unknown number of Serbs in Romania
12  Netherlands 15,500-20,000[citation needed]
13  Norway 4,253 (2014)[41]
14  Denmark 4,311 (2015)[42]
15  Greece 20,331 (2013)[43] 15,000 (est.) Serbs in Greece
 Luxembourg 2,429 (2014)[44]
 Hungary 7,350[45] Unknown number of Serbs in Hungary
 Spain 4,392 (2006)[46]
 Turkey 315,000 (Serbian descent)[47] The 1965 census registered over 65,000 Serbian-speakers.[48]
 Russia 4,156 (2002)[49]
 Brazil 3,210 (2001)[citation needed]
 Finland 3,000[citation needed]
 Belgium 1,857 (2008)[50]
 Czech Republic 1,801 (2001)[citation needed]
 New Zealand 1,176[citation needed]
 Poland 381 (2001) [51]
 Syria ca. 200 (2012, prior to evacuation)[52]
 Slovakia 134 (2001)[citation needed] Unknown number of Serbs in Slovakia
 United Arab Emirates 1,000 (2007)[citation needed]
 China 41[citation needed]
 Chile 25 (2008)[citation needed]
 Ukraine 623 (2001)[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.b92.net/biz/vesti/srbija.php?yyyy=2012&mm=04&dd=30&nav_id=605046
  2. ^ a b http://www.zentralrat-der-serben.de/index.php?Serben_in_Deutschland
  3. ^ http://www.20min.ch/ausland/news/story/23772093
  4. ^ http://www.nzz.ch/aktuell/startseite/erstmals-ueber-eine-million-eu--und-efta-angehoerige-in-der-schweiz--1.1105409
  5. ^ http://www.prestigemm.com/2012/05/intervju-prof-dr-volfgang-rorbah/
  6. ^ a b http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/pays-zones-geo_833/serbie-et-montenegro_443/presentation-communaute-etatique-serbie-et-montenegro_952/
  7. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  8. ^ http://www.serbiancouncil.org.uk/
  9. ^ http://www.politika.rs/rubrike/Tema-nedelje/izmedju-matice-i-rasejanja/Dijaspora-moze-da-promeni-Srbiju.lt.html
  10. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_B04003&prodType=table
  11. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=105396&PRID=0&PTYPE=105277&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2013&THEME=95&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=
  12. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/censushome.nsf/home/factsheetsancserb?opendocument&navpos=450
  13. ^ http://www.statistik.at/web_de/static/bevoelkerung_am_1.1.2014_nach_detailliertem_geburtsland_und_bundesland_023841.pdf
  14. ^ http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diaspora_serbe_en_Australie
  15. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Paris
  16. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin#Demographics
  17. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520005&Data=Count&SearchText=Toronto&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=Ethnic%20origin&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
  18. ^ http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/dms/Home/Stadtinfos/Statistik/bevoelkerung/aktuelle-jahreszahlen/jt140115.pdf
  19. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotterdam#Ethnic_make-up
  20. ^ http://www.edrc.ro/recensamant.jsp?regiune_id=1832&judet_id=2057&localitate_id=2058
  21. ^ http://www.demo.istat.it/str2013/index_e.html
  22. ^ http://www.ksh.hu/nepszamlalas/docs/tables/regional/01/01_1_1_2_3_en.xls
  23. ^ https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/Bevoelkerung/MigrationIntegration/AuslaendBevoelkerung2010200117004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile
  24. ^ http://www.zentralrat-der-serben.de/index.php?SrbiuNj
  25. ^ http://www.vesti-online.com/Dijaspora/drzava/Nemacka/Vesti/278667/Sloga-gradi-krovnu-organizaciju-Srba
  26. ^ http://www.statistik.at/web_de/static/bevoelkerung_am_1.1.2014_nach_detailliertem_geburtsland_und_bundesland_023841.pdf
  27. ^ 20 Minuten Online: Serben-Demo eskaliert in Wien
  28. ^ http://www.dijaspora-info.ch/home/?p=5453
  29. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Switzerland
  30. ^ Boskovska (2000), p. 2648
  31. ^ "Erstmals über eine Million EU- und EFTA Angehörige in der Schweiz". Neue Zürcher Zeitung. 14 October 2008. 
  32. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbs#cite_note-factfinder2.census.gov-19
  33. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Australian
  34. ^ http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/sv/ssd/START__BE__BE0101__BE0101E/UtrikesFoddaR/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=d6008d04-6219-4161-ae56-6d42b9046903
  35. ^ http://www.dn.se/nyheter/sverige/serber-oroliga-for-nyvackt-avsky-1.489705
  36. ^ http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?reg_id=0&ref_id=etrangersnat
  37. ^ http://demo.istat.it/str2013/index.html
  38. ^ http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=4430
  39. ^ http://www.nomisweb.co.uk/census/2011/CT0010/view/2092957703
  40. ^ http://www.recensamantromania.ro/rezultate-2/
  41. ^ http://www.ssb.no/en/befolkning/statistikker/innvbef/aar/2014-04-24?fane=tabell&sort=nummer&tabell=193678
  42. ^ http://statistikbanken.dk/statbank5a/SelectVarVal/Define.asp?MainTable=FOLK2&PLanguage=1&PXSId=0&wsid=cftree
  43. ^ http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE/BUCKET/A2001/PressReleases/A2001_STO04_DT_QQ_01_2013_01_F_EN.pdf
  44. ^ http://www.statistiques.public.lu/stat/TableViewer/tableView.aspx
  45. ^ Hungarian Central Statistical Office: Population by languages spoken with family members or friends, affinity with nationalities' cultural values and sex
  46. ^ [1]
  47. ^ "Verovali ili ne: U Turskoj Živi 9 Miliona Srba!", Press Online Serbia
  48. ^ Heinz Kloss & Grant McConnel, Linguistic composition of the nations of the world, vol,5, Europe and USSR, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, 1984, ISBN 2-7637-7044-4
  49. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики: 4.1. Национальный состав населения
  50. ^ "Etrangers inscrits dans tous les registres (1,2,3,4 et 5) du registre national - Remarque : Une nationalité "d'origine" désigne un réfugié politique reconnu
  51. ^ Staues 2001
  52. ^ Prema zvaničnim podacima u Siriji je pre evakuacije bilo oko 200 srpskih državljana.
  53. ^ State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
a.  

External links[edit]

Serbian diaspora organizations
Other