Serbian parliamentary election, 2008

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Serbian parliamentary election, 2008
Serbia
2007 ←
May 11, 2008
→ 2012

All 250 seats in the National Assembly
126 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Boris Tadic 2010.jpg Tomislav Nikolić 2012.jpg Vojislav Koštunica 2005.jpg
Leader Boris Tadić Tomislav Nikolić Vojislav Koštunica
Party DS SRS DSS
Leader since 2004 2003 1992
Last election 64 81 47
Seats won
102 / 250
DS 64, others 38
78 / 250
30 / 250
DSS 21, NS 9
Seat change Increase 38 Decrease 3 Decrease 17
Popular vote 1,590,200 1,219,436 480,987
Percentage 38.42% 29.46% 11.62%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Ivica Dačić 2011.jpg Čedomir Jovanović 2008.jpg
Leader Ivica Dačić Čedomir Jovanović
Party SPS LDP
Leader since 2003 2005
Last election 16 7
Seats won
20 / 250
SPS 12, others 8
13 / 250
LDP 11, others 2
Seat change Increase 4 Increase 6
Popular vote 313,896 216,902
Percentage 7.58% 5.24%

Parl2008DistrictSerb.png

Results by district. Yellow (ZES), dark blue (SRS), light blue (DSS)

Prime Minister before election

Vojislav Koštunica
DSS

Elected Prime Minister

Mirko Cvetković
Independent

Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Serbia

The Serbian parliamentary election, 2008 was held on 11 May 2008 to elect members of the National Assembly. The election was held barely a year after the previous parliamentary election. There were 6,749,886 eligible electors who were able to vote in 8,682 voting places, as well as 157 special voting stations for refugees from Kosovo.

Background[edit]

The Government of Serbia had passed through weeks of severe crisis after the unilateral declaration of independence of its southern province of Kosovo on 17 February 2008. Its stability, however, was also tested and questioned before, being comprised by two very different political currents. Kosovo's independence was gradually recognized by the United States and numerous European Union countries, leading to strain in their relations with Serbia. Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica of the Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) offered in late February to the Democratic Party (Serbia) (DS), which holds governmental majority, a restructuring of the governmental contract including an annex according to which Serbia can continue European exclusively with Kosovo as its integral part. The controversy was further heated up when Olli Rehn, the European Commissioner for enlargement of the European Union, offered to continue negotiations with Serbia. President Boris Tadić of the DS responded that European integrations of Serbia cannot be questioned by anyone or anything, and that since the province of Kosovo-Metohija is written into the constitution, meaning that the proposal would mean that the Constitution is being questioned.

After days of DS and G17+ utilising their majority to outnumber the DSS-New Serbia (NS) populist coalition, the Premier finally stated on 8 March 2008 in a press conference that the government had fallen. He scheduled an irregular session of the Serbian government for 10 March 2008, in which his proposal to issue a request to the President to dismiss the parliament and schedule pre-term parliamentary elections for 11 May 2008, the same as the local elections. In the event that this did not occur, he would announce his imminent resignation. Subsequently, all parliamentary leaders, save for Ivica Dačić of the Socialist Party of Serbia who called for forming a government of national unity and Dragan Marković Palma of United Serbia, supported his proposal. Hours later, the President confirmed he would dismiss the parliament and schedule the election upon receiving the government's request, although unlike the PM he stated that there is no dispute in the government regarding Kosovo, but exclusively regarding European integration. The dissolution took place on 13 March 2008.[1]

A revote was held in three polling stations (in Kraljevo, Žagubica and Srbica) on 18 May 2008 due to irregularities in the electoral process.[2]

Registered lists[edit]

A list of registered electoral lists:[3]

  1. For a European SerbiaBoris Tadić (За европску Србију – Борис Тадић)
  2. Liberal Democratic PartyČedomir Jovanović (Либерално демократска партија – Чедомир Јовановић)
  3. Democratic Party of SerbiaNew SerbiaVojislav Koštunica (Демократска странка Србије – Нова Србија – Војислав Коштуница)
  4. Serbian Radical Party – Dr Vojislav Šešelj (Српска радикална странка – Др Војислав Шешељ)
  5. Socialist Party of SerbiaParty of United Pensioners of SerbiaUnited Serbia (Социјалистичка партија Србије – Партија уједињних пензионера Србије – Јединствена Србија)
  6. Bosniak List for a European Sandžak – Dr Sulejman Ugljanin (Бошњачка листа за европски Санџак – др Сулејман Угљанин) M
  7. Hungarian CoalitionIštvan Pastor (Magyar Koalíció – Pásztor István) M
  8. Reformist Party – Dr Aleksandar Višnjić (Реформистичка странка – др Александар Вишњић)
  9. Serbian Strength MovementBogoljub Karić (Покрет снага Србије – Богољуб Карић)
  10. Civic Initiative of Goranis (Грађанска иницијатива Горанаца) M
  11. Albanian Coalition from Preševo Valley (Коалиција Албанаца Прешевске долине) M

M — national minority list

Campaign[edit]

The parties' campaign slogans for the 2008 election:

  Party English slogan Serbian slogan
    For a European Serbia For a European Serbia Za evropsku Srbiju
    Liberal Democratic Party Spread further!
Serbia without borders
Širi dalje!
Srbija bez granica
    DSS-NS Support Serbia! Podrži Srbiju!
    Serbian Radical Party Go Serbia! Napred Srbijo!
    SPS-PUPS-JS Stand up Serbia Ustani Srbijo
    Serbian Strength Movement Not giving Serbia up Ne dam Srbiju

Party lists[edit]

For a European Serbia coalition[edit]

1. For a European Serbia - Boris Tadić

President Boris Tadić has gathered a large pro-EU coalition around his DS and G17 Plus. On the list 166 candidates are from DS, 60 from G17+ and 8 members from each of the following parties Sanjak Democratic Party and League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina. 25 seats are guaranteed for G17+, 4 seats and a Ministry in the future government for both SDP and SPO and 3 seats for LSV. However, if the alliance wins over 100 seats, their seats will gradually increase. The list's name is For a European Serbia – Boris Tadić and its leader is Dragoljub Mićunović.

The List won 102 seats, of which 25 went to G17+.

DSS-NS coalition[edit]

The populist coalition of incumbent Prime Minister Koštunica's Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) and their coalition partner New Serbia (NS) ran together in the election. 70% of the seats went to DSS and 30% to NS. Its campaign slogan was Support Serbia!. Koštunica was its candidate for Prime Minister.

The Populists won 30 seats, 21 of which went to DSS and 9 to NS.

Serbian Radical Party[edit]

Kosovo and Metohija - the heart of Serbia!
Go Serbia!
- Serbian Radical Party

The Serbian Radical Party ran alone in this parliamentary election. The party presented its list of 250 candidates.

SPS-PUPS-JS coalition[edit]

5. Rise up Serbia!

The Socialist Party of Serbia and the Party of United Pensioners of Serbia have strengthened their links by forming a coalition, on which United Serbia and Movement of Veterans of Serbia will be present. 151 candidates are from SPS (with 1 from PVS), 69 from PUPS and 30 from JS. The Socialists' presidential candidate Milutin Mrkonjić as been presented for Prime Minister.

Liberal Democrats[edit]

Liberal Democratic Party, Social Democratic Union and the Christian Democratic Party of Serbia formed pre-electoral coalition. Čedomir Jovanović was its candidate for Prime Minister.

Minorities[edit]

The Party for Democratic Action is determined to go on the election and gather the ethnic Albanian minority parties from the Preševo Valley. The Hungarian Coalition of Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians and Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians ran together after the presidential elections success in an attempt to strengthen the Magyar minority's representation. The Civic Initiative of Gora ran for the first time representing the Goranis in the Serbian parliament for the very first time. The Bosniak Democratic Party of Sandžak gathered a Bosniac List – For a European Sanjak – Sulejman Ugljanin (Бошњачка листа – За европски Санџак – Сулејман Угљанин) coalition.

On proposal of SRS the electoral boards has changed the electoral rules for the minority parties, which now need the standard 10,000 signatures instead of privileged 3,000. This has caused an outbreak of public protest amongst Roma and Albanian minorities, who consider this a scandalous removal of positive discrimination of the national minorities, as it opens the question whether they could accumulate that many signatures in time.

Opinion polls[edit]

Party Medium Gallup,
March 2008
Strategic Marketing,
March 2008
CeSID,
May 2008
Medium Gallup,
May 2008
SRS 91 90 86 90
ZES 88 83 81 85
DSS-NS 30 30 35 30
SPS 16 17 19 19
LDP 15 20 19 16
minorities 10 10 10 10
total 250 250 250 250
  • Election References:[4]
Diaspora voting results

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 11 May 2008 National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia election results
Electoral list
Votes
 %
Seats
+/–
For a European SerbiaBoris Tadić 1,590,200 38.42 102 Increase 15
Serbian Radical Party – Dr Vojislav Šešelj 1,219,436 29.46 78 Decrease 3
Democratic Party of SerbiaNew SerbiaVojislav Koštunica 480,987 11.62 30 Decrease 13
Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) – Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS) – United Serbia (US) 313,896 7.58 20 Increase 2
Liberal Democratic PartyČedomir Jovanović 216,902 5.24 13 Increase 6
Hungarian CoalitionIstván Pásztor 74,874 1.81 4 Increase 1
Bosniac List for a European Sanjak – Dr Sulejman Ugljanin 38,148 0.92 2 Steady 0
Serbian Strength MovementBogoljub Karić 22,250 0.54
Albanian Coalition from Preševo Valley 16,801 0.41 1 Steady 0
If It Were Up to the Village – Populist Peasant PartyMarijan Rističević 12,001 0.29
Reformist Party – Dr Aleksandar Višnjić 10,563 0.26
Roma PartySrđan Šajn 9,103 0.22 Decrease 1
My Serbia MovementBranislav Lečić 8,879 0.21
United Vlachs of Serbia – Dr Predrag Balašević 6,956 0.17
Civic Initiative of Goranis – GIG 5,453 0.13
Roma for RomaMiloš Paunković 5,115 0.12
Roma Union of Serbia – Dr Rajko Đurić 4,732 0.11 Decrease 1
Vojvodina's Party – Mr Igor Kurjački 4,208 0.1
People's Movement for SerbiaMilan Paroški 3,795 0.09
Montenegrin PartyNenad Stevović 2,923 0.07
League of the Bačka BunjevciMirko Bajić 2,023 0.05
Patriotic Party of the DiasporaZoran Milinković 1,991 0.05
Invalid 88,148 2.13  
Total Turnout (61.33%, +0.71% or 4,139,384 out of 6,749,688) 4,139,384 100.00 250

Seats[edit]

Raspodela mandata 2008.png

  ZES   (102)
  SRS  (78)
  DSSNS  (30)
  SPSPUPSJS  (20)
  LDP-DHSS-SDU  (13)

Notes[edit]

The ZES list was coalition of:

Government formation[edit]

SRS has declared post-electoral cooperation forming a government with DSS, which in turn didn't disregard this possibility, but stated that there will be no more cooperation with DS or G17+, on the allegation that they do not really want to protect Kosovo. NS excluded cooperation with G17+ and LSV, calling them "anti-state" parties who "had brought down the government twice", but also did not rule out a coalition with the SRS, and furthermore claimed that the DS had talked with the DSS about throwing G17+ out of the government and having it supported by the SPS.[5] SPS-PUPS-JS confirmed it's determined to form a post-electoral coalition with SRS and DSS-NS[6] and excluded the possibility of any cooperation with the Europeists because of G17+ and LSV, but its leaders have continually left an option of open dialog with the DS.

The European Coalition excluded all cooperation with SRS and stated that all other coalitions are in option, as long as they accept the pro-EU cause and the five principles of the former government. Regarding coalition with DSS, Koštunica can no longer count on the PM seat. LDP however, excluded the possibility to take part in any government with DSS, SPS or NS under any circumstance.

According to a post-electoral poll conducted by Strategic Marketing from 22 to 24 May 2008, 51% of the citizens support a pro-European Coalition with the Socialists and minority support (ZES, SPS-PUPS-JS & minorities), 45% a Patriotic government (SRS, DSS-NS & SPS-PUPS-JS) and 6% are undecided. On the question regarding the possibility of repeated elections:

  • ZES - 111
  • SRS - 75
  • DSS-NS - 28
  • SPS-PUPS-JS - 16
  • LDP - 13
  • minorities - 7

After long and difficult negotiations, the new pro-European government was formed on 7 July 2008 by 128 out of 250 parliamentary votes of ZES, SPS-PUPS-JS and 6 of 7 minorities representatives. The new prime minister was Mirko Cvetković, non-partisan candidate endorsed by the Democratic Party.

References[edit]