Serbs in Slovenia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Serbs in Slovenia
Robert Pesut crop.jpg
Torpedo-Arsenal (7).jpg
Zoran Dragić 2013.jpg
Slavisa Stojanovic.jpg
Rasho Nesterovic crop.JPG
Goran Dragić crop.jpg
Zoran Janković 2008 - SqCrop.jpg
MilivojeNovakovic.jpg
SashaVujacic 20060409.jpg
Total population
38,964 - 2% (2002)
Religion
Serbian Orthodox Christian

Serbs in Slovenia are, by large, first or second generation immigrants from other republics of former Yugoslavia. In the 2002 census, 38,964 people of Slovenia declared themselves of Serb ethnicity, which corresponds to 1.98% of the total population, making them the second largest ethnic group in the country, after the Slovenes.

History[edit]

The vast majority of the Serbs in Slovenia are first or second generation settlers from other republics of former Yugoslavia, mostly from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, but also from Croatia and Montenegro. After World War II, many Serbs employed in the Yugoslav People's Army were stationed in the Socialist Republic of Slovenia with their families. In the period of 1971-1981, many ethnic Serbs migrated from Bosnia and Herzegovina to pursue better careers and economical benefits in Slovenia. Before 1991, many Serbs in Slovenia registered as Yugoslavs, and many still prefer referring to their mother language as Serbo-Croatian, rather than Serbian.

There also exists an "autochtonous" community of Serbs in White Carniola (see Serb community of White Carniola).

Demographics[edit]

Most of Serbs in Slovenia are concentrated in larger urban areas, especially in Ljubljana and Jesenice. The table shows the year and number and percentage of Serbs in Slovenia after World War II, according to the official censuses.

  • 1948 - 7,048
  • 1953 - 11,225 (0.8%)
  • 1961 - 13,609 (0.9%)
  • 1971 - 20,521 (1.2%)
  • 1981 - 42,182 (2.3%)
  • 1991 - 47,097 (2.5%)
  • 2002 - 38,964 (2.0%)

It also has to be noted that in the last census in 2002, more than 10% of all Slovenian population decided not to answer the question regarding their ethnic affiliation. All these elements make the estimate of the overall number of Serbs in Slovenia difficult.

Culture[edit]

Main article: Serbian culture

Language[edit]

Main article: Serbian language

Most Serbs in Slovenia use Slovene as their language of communication, since only 4,300 people in Slovenia declared that they use only Serbian language at home, while about 15,000 declared they use both languages at home. However more than 31,000 people declared their mother tongue as Serbian (and another 36,000 as Serbo-Croatian).

Religion[edit]

The majority of Serbs in Slovenia are Serbian Orthodox Christian. There is also a substantial number of atheists and agnostics.

Notable people[edit]

Notable Slovenes of Serb descent include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]