Serbs in Romania
|Regions with significant populations|
Protestantism, Roman Catholicism
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The Romanian Serbs (Sârbii) are an ethnic minority in Romania. According to the 2002 census, there were 22,518 Serbs in Romania or 0.1% of the population (the 1992 census recorded 29,408 Serbs, or 0.1% of the population). Serbs mostly live in western Romania, in the Romanian part of the Banat region, where they constitute absolute majority in two communes and relative majority in one other.
In the Caraş-Severin County, the Serbs constitute absolute majority in the commune of Pojejena (52.09%)  and a plurality in the commune of Socol (49.54%) . Serbs also constitute absolute majority in the municipality of Sviniţa (87.27%) , in the Mehedinţi County. The region where these three municipalities are located is known as Clisura Dunării in Romanian or Banatska Klisura (Банатска Клисура) in Serbian.
- Variaş: 502 (12,4%)
- Sânpetru Mare: 525 (25,0%)
Ottoman pressure traditionally forced members of several South Slavic communities to seek refuge in Wallachia - although under Ottoman rule as well, the latter was always subject to less requirements than regions to south of the Danube.
These groups are, however, hard to distinguish one from another in early Wallachian references, as the term "Serbs" is regularly applied to all Southern Slavs, no matter where they might have originated. This only changed in the 19th century, through a transition made clear by an official statistic of 1830, which reads "census of how many Serbs are resident here in the town of Ploieşti, all of them Bulgarians" (Giurescu, p. 269).
Serbs-proper probably constituted the vast majority of mercenary troops known as seimeni, given that their nucleus is attested to have been formed by "Serb seimeni" (as it was during their revolt in 1655), and that the rule of Prince Matei Basarab had witnessed the arrival of a large group of Serb refugees.
Serbian monasteries in Romania
List of Serbian Orthodox monasteries in Romania:
- Sveti Đorđe monastery (Манастир светог Ђорђа - Манастир свети Ђурађ / Manastir svetog Đorđa - Manastir sveti Đurađ). According to the legend, it was founded in 1485 by the Serbian despot, Jovan Branković. It was rebuilt in the 18th century.
- Šemljug monastery (Манастир Шемљуг / Manastir Šemljug). It was founded in the 15th century.
- Sveti Simeon monastery (Манастир светог Симеона / Manastir svetog Simeona).
- Bazjaš monastery (Манастир Базјаш / Manastir Bazjaš), built 1225
- Bezdin monastery (Манастир Бездин / Manastir Bezdin).
- Zlatica monastery (Манастир Златица / Manastir Zlatica).
- Kusić monastery (Манастир Кусић / Manastir Kusić).
- The "St. Peter and Paul" Serbian Church, raised in 1698-1702 in Arad, early Baroque architecture
Serbs born on present-day Romanian territory
- Jovan Nenad (?-1527), self-proclaimed "emperor", ruler of Bačka, northern Banat, and a part of Srem, born in Lipova (northern Banat).
- Count Đorđe Branković (1645-1711), the Count of Transylvania and alleged descendant of Serbian medieval royal House of Branković, born in Jenopolje.
- Dositej Obradović (1742–1811), writer and translator, born in Ciacova (Čakovo).
- Sava Tekelija (1761–1842), politician and public worker, born in Arad.
- Alexandru Macedonski the famed Romanian poet, novelist, and literary critic.
- Ivan Tabaković (1898–1977), painter, born in Arad.
- Milan Tabaković, architect, born in Arad.
Romanian citizens of Serb ethnicity
- Miodrag Belodedić (b. 1964), football player, played for Romanian national team, Steaua Bucharest and Red Star Belgrade, born in Socol(Sokol).
- Călin Mitici (1962–2009), journalist (Serbian mother).
- Lavinija Milošević (b. 1976), Romanian gymnast (Serbian roots).
The Krashovani are a population speaking the Serbian Torlakian dialect, inhabiting Caraş-Severin County, where they constitute the majority of population in the municipalities of Caraşova (84.60%) and Lupac (93.38%).
The Krashovani's origin can be traced back to the region around the Timok River in eastern Serbia, from where they migrated to Banat in the 14th century. However, their Roman Catholic religion has more recently set them apart from Orthodox Serbs, and most of the Krashovani nowadays declare themselves as Croats in censuses.
- Milojko Brusin, Naša razgraničenja sa susedima 1919-1920, Novi Sad, 1998.
- Constantin C. Giurescu, Istoria Bucureştilor. Din cele mai vechi timpuri pînă în zilele noastre, Bucharest, 1966, p. 73, 268-270.
- Dr. Aleksa Ivić, Istorija Srba u Vojvodini, Novi Sad, 1929.
- Miodrag Milin, Vekovima zajedno, Temišvar, 1995.
- Victor Neumann, Istoria evreilor din Banat, Bucharest, 1999.
- Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjige 1-3, Novi Sad, 1990.
- Milan Tutorov, Mala Raška a u Banatu, Zrenjanin, 1991.
- (Romanian) Sârbii din Romania
- (Serbian) Srbi u Rumuniji od ranog srednjeg veka do današnjeg vremena
- (Romanian) "Sîrbii", on Divers online