Serenade for Violin, Viola and Cello (Beethoven)
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The Serenade in D major for Violin, Viola and Cello, Op. 8, is a string trio composition by Ludwig van Beethoven. It was written from 1796-97, and published in 1797 by Artaria in Vienna. The six movements are as follows:
- I. Marcia: Allegro (4/4) – Adagio (3/4)
- II. Menuetto: Allegretto ((3/4)
- III. Adagio - Scherzo: Allegro molto, in D minor (2/4)
- IV. Allegretto alla Polacca, in F major (3/4)
- V. Andante quasi Allegretto; Allegro
- VI. Marcia: Allegro (4/4)
Performance usually takes around 30-35 minutes.
In 1803, Beethoven arranged it as Notturno for Viola and Piano in D major, Op. 42.
In his book Classic Music: Expression, Form, and Style Leonard G. Ratner cites Mvt. IV as a representative example of the polonaise dance topic (Ratner 1980, pp. 12-13).
- Melvin Berger, "Guide to Chamber Music", Dover, 2001.
- Leonard G. Ratner, "Classic Music: Expression, Form, and Style", Schirmer Books, 1980.
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