Serenade for Violin, Viola and Cello (Beethoven)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Serenade in D major for Violin, Viola and Cello, Op. 8, is a string trio composition by Ludwig van Beethoven. It was written from 1796-97, and published in 1797 by Artaria in Vienna. The six movements are as follows:

  • I. Marcia: Allegro (4/4) – Adagio (3/4)
  • II. Menuetto: Allegretto ((3/4)
  • III. Adagio - Scherzo: Allegro molto, in D minor (2/4)
  • IV. Allegretto alla Polacca, in F major (3/4)
  • V. Andante quasi Allegretto; Allegro
  • VI. Marcia: Allegro (4/4)

Performance usually takes around 30-35 minutes.

In 1803, Beethoven arranged it as Notturno for Viola and Piano in D major, Op. 42.

In his book Classic Music: Expression, Form, and Style Leonard G. Ratner cites Mvt. IV as a representative example of the polonaise dance topic (Ratner 1980, pp. 12-13).


  • Melvin Berger, "Guide to Chamber Music", Dover, 2001.
  • Leonard G. Ratner, "Classic Music: Expression, Form, and Style", Schirmer Books, 1980.

External links[edit]