Serge Gavronsky (born 1932) is an American poet and translator.
Gavronsky was born in Paris. He fled Nazi-occupied France in 1941. Gavronsky received his A.B. in European History and French in 1954 from Columbia College and an M.A. in European History in 1955 and a Ph.D in European Intellectual History in 1965 from Columbia University, and is now professor emeritus in the French department at Barnard College. He lives in New York City.
1990 Sole judge appointed by the Academy of American Poets for the Harold Morton Landon Prize in Translation 
Gavronsky has appeared in over thirty French and American poetry magazines including:
- Lectures et compte-rendu, poèmes. Coll. "Textes," Flammarion, 1973.
- Je le suis, poème, illustrations by Michel Kanter, artists’s edition, 1995.
- L’interminable discussion, poem with six original woodcuts by JM. Scanreigh. Editions Philippe Millereau, 1996.
- Reduction du tryptique, poem with 4 original woodcuts by JM. Scanreigh, Philippe Millereau, 1996.
- Il était un dire, poem for artist's book by Patricia Erbelding (Mémoires Collections, 2007)
- AndOrThe: Poems Within A Poem (Talisman House, 2007)
- Poems & texts; an anthology of French poems: translations, and interviews with Ponge, Follain, Guillevic, Frénaud, Bonnefoy, DuBouchet, Roche, and Pleynet. October House. 1969.
- Patricia Terry, Serge Gavronsky, ed. (1975). Modern French Poetry : a Bilingual Anthology. Columbia University Press.
- Serge Gavronsky, Leslie Kaplan, ed. (1997). Six contemporary French women poets: theory, practice, and pleasures. Southern Illinois University Press.
- Toward a new poetics: contemporary writing in France : interviews, with an introduction and translated texts. University of California Press. 1994. ISBN 978-0-520-08793-4.
Serge Gavronsky, Francis Ponge: The Power of Language. (1979). University of California Press.
- "BLACK THEMES IN SUREAL GUISE". The New York Times. February 19, 1984.
- Gavronsky, Serge (November 5, 1989). "'DON'T ASK. ACT'". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010.