Sergey Karjakin, August 2010
|Full name||Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin|
January 12, 1990 |
Simferopol, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|FIDE rating||2756 (December 2013)
(No. 10 in the October 2013 FIDE World Rankings)
|Peak rating||2788 (July 2011)|
Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin (Ukrainian: Сергій Олександрович Карякін, Serhiy Oleksandrovych Karjakin; Russian: Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Каря́кин; born January 12, 1990) is a Ukrainian-born Russian chess grandmaster. He was a chess prodigy and holds the record for both the youngest International Master, at 11 years and 11 months, and grandmaster, at the age of 12 years and 7 months, in history. Karjakin won the 2012 World Rapid Chess Championship. He was a member of the gold-medal winning Russian team at the World Team Chess Championship in Antalya 2013.
Karjakin was born in Simferopol. He learned to play chess when he was five years old and became an IM at age 11 years and 11 months. In 2001, he won the World Chess U12 championship. He first attracted attention in January 2002, when he was the official second of fellow Ukrainian Ruslan Ponomariov during the final of the 2002 FIDE World championship, though Karjakin had only just turned 12 at the time. By scoring GM norms at the Aeroflot tournament in Moscow later that month, the Alushta tournament in May 2002 and the international tournament in Sudak in August 2002, he surpassed Bu Xiangzhi to become the youngest grandmaster in the history of chess at the age of 12 years and exactly 7 months—a record that still stands.
At age fourteen he defeated the reigning world champion, Vladimir Kramnik, during the 2004 Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting, in a blitz game (ten minutes for the entire game, plus five seconds per move). Also in 2004, Karjakin was the only human to win against a computer in the Man vs Machine World Team Championship in Bilbao, Spain, where he was the youngest and lowest rated player. He won against the computer program Deep Junior. Later that year Karjakin finished second to Boris Gelfand at the Pamplona, Navarra tournament, held from December 20 to December 29.
Karjakin entered the world's top 100 in the April 2005 FIDE list, where he was number 64 in the world with an Elo rating of 2635. He scored 8½ (+7−3=1) to win the Young Stars of the World 2005 tournament held in Kirishi, Russia from May 14 to May 26. Practicing before the tournament with Nigel Short in Greece, Karjakin was involved in a car accident on the way to the Athens airport and suffered minor injuries. Afterwards, Short remarked that he had "almost changed the path of chess history by allowing the future World Champion to be killed while in my care".
Rise to the top
During the Chess World Cup 2007, which served as a qualification tournament for the World Chess Championship 2009, Karjakin reached the semi-finals, in which he lost to Alexei Shirov. On the January 2008 FIDE rating list, published just before Karjakin's eighteenth birthday, he passed the 2700 mark for the first time, often seen as the line that separates "elite" players from other grandmasters, with a new rating of 2732 and a world rank of 13.
In July 2008 Karjakin played a ten game rapid chess match against GM Nigel Short and won convincingly with a score of 7½–2½. In February 2009 he won the A group of the Corus chess tournament in Wijk aan Zee (category XIX) with a score of 8/13.
In July 2012 Karjakin won the World Rapid Chess Championship a full point ahead of world number one Magnus Carlsen in Astana, Kazakhstan. In the same month, he also tied for first at Dortmund with Fabiano Caruana but came in second after tiebreak.
Notable tournament victories
- 2009 Wijk aan Zee 8/13 I
- 2010 Tal Memorial (Moscow) 5½/9 I-III
- 2010 Russian Superfinal 7/11 I-II
- 2011 Kings Tournament in Bazna (Medias), 6½/10 I-II
- 2012 World Rapid Chess Championships (Astana) 11½/15
- 2013 Norway Chess 6/9
Tabulation number of wins in major recurring chess tournaments
Among the many tournaments organized, some particularly stand out because of history or category. This tabulation gives an overview of the number of Karjakin's wins in the major recurring chess tournaments and world championship matches.
|Linares (1978)||Wijk aan Zee (1938)||Dortmund (1928)||Tal Memorial (2006)||M-Tel Masters (2005)||Nanjing Super-GM (2008)||London Chess Classic (2009)||Biel (1968)||Fide Grand Prix (2009)||Bilbao Masters (2008)||WC match/tournament||Total won|
- "World Team 09 Russia takes gold; China silver". ChessBase. 2013-12-06. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Nigel Short axed, future world champion survives, Chessbase, July 28, 2005
- Kiev Life Rapid: Karjakin beat Short 7.5:2.5, Chessbase, August 7, 2008
- Karjakin wins ACP World Rapid Cup, Chessbase, May 29, 2010
- "Carlsen catches Aronian in last round, wins Tal Memorial on tiebreak". ChessVibes. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- "Karjakin wins the Astana World Rapid Chess Championship". Chessbase.com. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Fabiano Caruana takes the trophy in Dortmund". Chessdom.com. Retrieved 2012-07-22.
- "Sergey Karjakin and Kateryna Dolzhikova get married". Chessdom.com. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
- Karjakin to Play for Russia, Chess.com, August 1, 2009
- Sergey Karjakin takes Russian citizenship, Chessdom.com. Retrieved on 2009-08-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sergey Karjakin.|
|Youngest chess grandmaster ever
|World Rapid Chess Champion