April 10, 1956 |
|Institutions||University of Missouri-Columbia|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University
Sternberg Astronomical Institute
|Doctoral advisor||Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich|
|Doctoral students||Oleg Doroshenko
|Known for||Research in Relativity and Gravitation and for Tests of General Relativity including the speed of gravity, pulsar timing, gravitomagnetism and Pioneer anomaly|
Sergei Kopeikin (born April 10, 1956) is a USSR-born theoretical physicist presently living and working in the United States, where he holds the position of Professor of Physics at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri. He specializes in the theoretical and experimental study of gravity and general relativity. He is also an expert in the field of the astronomical references frames and time metrology. His general relativistic theory of the Post-Newtonian reference frames which he had worked out along with Victor A. Brumberg, was adopted in 2000 by the resolutions of the International Astronomical Union as a standard for reduction of ground-based astronomical observation. In September 2002 he led a team which conducted a high-precision VLBI experiment to measure the fundamental speed of gravity. He is also involved in studies concerning the capabilities of the Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) technique to measure dynamical features of the General Theory of Relativity in the lunar motion. He has recently criticized the claims of other scientists concerning the possibility of LLR to measure the gravitomagnetic interaction. Prof. Kopeikin organized and chaired three international workshops on the advanced theory and model of the Lunar Laser Ranging experiment. The LLR workshops were held in the International Space Science Institute (Bern, Switzerland) in 2010-2012.
Kopeikin was born in Kashin, a small town near Moscow in what was then the USSR. He graduated with excellence from Department of Astrophysics of Moscow State University in 1983 where he studied general relativity under Leonid Grishchuk. In 1986, he obtained a Ph.D. in relativistic astrophysics from the Space Research Institute in Moscow. His Ph.D. thesis was advised by Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich and presented a first general-relativistic derivation of the conservative and radiation reaction forces in the Post-Newtonian expansions of the gravitational field of a binary system of two extended, massive bodies. In 1991, he obtained a Doctor of Science degree from Moscow State University and moved to Tokyo (Japan) in 1993 to teach astronomy in Hitotsubashi University. He was adjunct staff member in National Astronomical Observatory of Japan in 1993-1996 and a visiting professor in the same observatory in 1996-1997. Kopeikin moved to Germany in 1997 and worked in the Institute for Theoretical Physics of Friedrich Schiller University of Jena until 1999. He had joined Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Missouri in February 2000 where he got tenure in 2004.
According to Google Scholar Citations program, the h-index of S.M. Kopeikin is 27, his i10-index is 63, while the total number of citations is 2544. As of November 2013, NASA ADS returns a h index equal to 20, while the tori index and the riq index are 42 and 25.9, respectively.
- "Einstein proved right on gravity". BBC News. January 8, 2003. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Physicist Says Testing Technique For Gravitomagnetic Field Is Ineffective". Science Daily. June 2, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Theory and Model for the New Generation of the Lunar Laser Ranging Data". International Space Science Institute.
- Pepe, Alberto; Kurtz, Michael J. (November 2012). "A Measure of Total Research Impact Independent of Time and Discipline". PLoS ONE 7 (11). Bibcode:2012PLoSO...746428P. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046428. e46428. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- "Unriddling the Universe" - theoretical study of the Pioneer anomaly effect
- "Test for Einstein's gravity speed theory" - a BBC News article about the preparations to the "speed-of-gravity" experiment
- "Speed of Gravity Measured for First Time" - a NRAO press-release on VLBI experiment measured the ultimate speed of gravity
- "The Speed of Gravity: Einstein Was Right!" - a ProQuest press release discussing the experimental techniques and theoretical ideas behind the "speed-of-gravity" experiment
- "Physicist Disputes Speed of Gravity Claim" - American Physical Society News article, dated June 2003, describing criticism of the results
- "Aberration and the Fundamental Speed of Gravity in the Jovian Deflection Experiment" - Kopeikin's respond to the criticism
- "Gravimagnetism, Causality, and of Gravity in the Gravitational Light-Ray Deflection Experiments" - Kopeikin's new proposals for further improvements of the experimental results on the fundamental speed of gravity
- "Relativistic Celestial Mechanics of the Solar System" - monograph by S. Kopeikin, M. Efroimsky and G. Kaplan