Sergei Natanovich Bernstein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sergei Natanovich Bernstein
Snbernstein.jpg
Sergei Natanovich Bernstein
Born (1880-03-05)5 March 1880
Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 26 October 1968(1968-10-26) (aged 88)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Residence Russian Empire, Soviet Union
Nationality Soviet
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of Paris
University of Goettingen
University of Kharkiv
Leningrad University
Steklov Institute of Mathematics
Alma mater University of Paris
Doctoral advisor Charles Émile Picard
David Hilbert
Doctoral students Vladimir Brzhechka
Yakov Geronimus
Vasilii Goncharov
Boris Rymarenko
Sergey Stechkin
Known for Bernstein's inequality in analysis
Bernstein inequalities in probability theory
Bernstein polynomial
Bernstein's theorem (approximation theory)
Bernstein's theorem on monotone functions
Bernstein problem in mathematical genetics

Sergei Natanovich Bernstein (Russian: Серге́й Ната́нович Бернште́йн, sometimes Romanized as Bernshtein; March 5, 1880 – October 26, 1968) was a Russian and Soviet mathematician of Jewish origin known for contributions to partial differential equations, differential geometry, probability theory, and approximation theory.[1][2]

Work[edit]

Partial differential equations[edit]

In his doctoral dissertation, submitted in 1904 to the Sorbonne, Bernstein solved Hilbert's nineteenth problem on the analytic solution of elliptic differential equations.[3] His later work was devoted to Dirichlet's boundary problem for non-linear equations of elliptic type, where, in particular, he introduced a priori estimates.

Probability theory[edit]

In 1917, Bernstein suggested the first axiomatic foundation of probability theory, based on the underlying algebraic structure.[4] It was later superseded by the measure-theoretic approach of Kolmogorov.

In the 1920s, he introduced a method for proving limit theorems for sums of dependent random variables.

Approximation theory[edit]

Bernstein laid the foundations of constructive function theory, a field studying the connection between smoothness properties of a function and its approximations by polynomials.[5] In particular, he proved Bernstein's theorem (approximation theory).

Publications[edit]

  • S. N. Bernstein, Collected Works (Russian):
    • vol. 1, The Constructive Theory of Functions (1905–1930), translated: Atomic Energy Commission, Springfield, Va, 1958
    • vol. 2, The Constructive Theory of Functions (1931–1953)
    • vol. 3, Differential equations, calculus of variations and geometry (1903–1947)
    • vol. 4, Theory of Probability. Mathematical statistics (1911–1946)
  • S. N. Bernstein, The Theory of Probabilities (Russian), Moscow, Leningrad, 1946

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Youschkevitch, A. P. "BERNSTEIN, SERGEY NATANOVICH". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 
  2. ^ Lozinskii, S. M. (1983). "On the hundredth anniversary of the birth of S. N. Bernstein". Russ. Math. Surv. 38: 163. doi:10.1070/RM1983v038n03ABEH003497. 
  3. ^ Akhiezer, N.I.; Petrovskii, I.G. (1961). "S. N. Bernshtein's contribution to the theory of partial differential equations". Russ. Math. Surv. 16. 
  4. ^ Linnik, Ju. V. (1961). "The contribution of S. N. Bernšteĭn to the theory of probability". Russ. Math. Surv. 16 (2): 21–22. doi:10.1070/rm1961v016n02abeh004103. MR 0130818. 
  5. ^ Videnskii, V. S. (1961). "Sergei Natanovich Bernshtein — founder of the constructive theory of functions". Russ. Math. Surv. 16: 17. doi:10.1070/RM1961v016n02ABEH004102. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]