Sergey Sokolov (commander)

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Sergei Sokolov
Серге́й Соколо́в
Sergey Sokolov.jpg
Minister of Defence
In office
22 December 1984 – 30 May 1987
Premier Nikolai Tikhonov
Nikolai Ryzhkov
Preceded by Dmitriy Ustinov
Succeeded by Dmitry Yazov
Personal details
Born (1911-07-01)1 July 1911
Yevpatoria, Russian Empire
Died 31 August 2012(2012-08-31) (aged 101)
Moscow, Russian Federation
Nationality Soviet/Russian
Other political
affiliations
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Army
Years of service 1932–1987
Rank Marshal of the Soviet Union
Battles/wars Battle of Lake Khasan,
World War II,
Soviet war in Afghanistan
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Orden of Honour.png

Sergey Leonidovich Sokolov (Russian: Серге́й Леони́дович Соколо́в; 1 July 1911 – 31 August 2012) was a Soviet military commander, Hero of the Soviet Union, and served as Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union from 22 December 1984 until 30 May 1987.

Biography[edit]

The son of a tsarist army officer of Russian ethnicity,[1] Sokolov served in the Battle of Lake Khasan during the Soviet-Japanese Border Wars and also served on the Eastern Front during World War II.

He was Commander of the Leningrad Military District from 1965 to 1984 and First Deputy Defense Minister from 1967 to 1984.

Sokolov was promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1978. He was in charge of Soviet ground forces during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. He personally led the main Soviet incursion of ground forces on the December 27, 1979. His actions and command strategies during the war made him one of the Soviet Union's most respected Marshals. On April 28, 1980 he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Sokolov was appointed Minister of Defense of the Soviet Union in 1984 and held this post until 1987, when he was dismissed by Mikhail Gorbachev as a result of the Mathias Rust affair. He was also a candidate (non-voting) member of the Politburo from 1985 to 1987.

From 1992, Sokolov was an advisor to the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation. In July 2001, he became an honorary citizen of Crimea, Ukraine.

On turning 100 he stated, "Military service prestige will regain the importance it once had."[2]

Sokolov died of undisclosed causes on 31 August 2012, at the age of 101. He was buried on 3 September with full military honors at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow, next to his wife of 70 years, Maria Samojlovna Sokolova (19 December 1920 - 28 August 2012) who had predeceased him three days prior.[3]

He was survived by two sons, Colonel-General (Retd.) Valery Sergeyevich (born September 30, 1940), now a lecturer at the Faculty of Command and General Staff Military Academy, and Colonel-General (Retd.) Vladimir Sergeyevich (born January 21, 1947), who had retired during the war in Afghanistan and was chief of staff of the 40th Army.

Dates of rank[edit]

From the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia

  • Cadet (May 1932 - November 1934)
  • Platoon Commander - November 1934
  • Junior Lieutenant - 1935
  • Lieutenant to Captain - to 1941
  • Major - before 1943
  • Lieutenant Colonel - before 1943
  • Colonel - 9 September 1943
  • Major General - 3 August 1953
  • Lieutenant General - 25 May 1959
  • Colonel General - 13 April 1963
  • General of the Army - 12 April 1967
  • Marshal of the Soviet Union - 17 February 1978

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
Russia
  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
    • 2nd class (21 June 2001) - for outstanding contribution to strengthening national defense and active in the patriotic education of young people
    • 3rd class (30 June 1996) - for services to the state and personal contribution to the development and reform of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
    • 4th class (2 November 2009)
  • Order of Alexander Nevsky (23 June 2011) - contribution to strengthening national defense and long-term public activities
  • Order of Honour (1 July 2006) - for services to strengthen national defense and work on the patriotic education of youth
  • Order of Zhukov (25 April 1995) - for actions in the leadership of the troops in combat operations during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945
Soviet Union
Russian; non-governmental
Afghanistan
Bulgaria
  • Order of Georgi Dimitrov, twice (1985, 1986)
  • Order "The People's Republic of Bulgaria" I degree (1974)
  • Medal "25 Years of the Bulgarian People's Army" (1969)
  • Medal "30 Years of Victory over Fascism" (1975)
  • Medal "30 Years of the Bulgarian People's Army" (1974)
  • The medal "For Strengthening Brotherhood in Arms" (1977)
  • Medal "100 years of the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman yoke" (1978)
  • The medal "90th anniversary of the birth of Georgi Dimitrov" (1974)
  • Medal "100th Anniversary of Birth of Georgi Dimitrov" (1983)
  • Medal "1300 years Bulgaria" (1982)
  • Medal "40 Years of Victory over Fascism" (1985)
Hungary
Vietnam
East Germany
Jordan
North Korea
Cuba
Mongolia
  • Order of Sukhbaatar, twice (1971, 1986)
  • Order of the Red Banner (1982)
  • Medal "30 Years of Victory over Japan" (1976)
  • Medal "30 Years of Victory in Khalkhin-" (1969)
  • Medal "40 Years of Victory in Khalkhin-" (1979)
  • Medal "50 Years of the Mongolian People's Revolution" (1972)
  • Medal "60 Years of the Mongolian People's Revolution" (1982)
  • Medal "50 Years of the Mongolian People's Army" (1971)
  • Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the MPR" (1982)
Poland
Romania
Czechoslovakia
  • Order of Klement Gottwald (1985)
  • Medal "For the strengthening of friendship in Arms", 1st class (1972)
  • Medal "40 Years of the Slovak National Uprising" (1985)
  • Medal "50 Years of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia" (1971)
Finland

In July 2001, the day of his 90th birthday, was awarded the title "Honorary krymchanin" and an honorary citizen of Evpatoria.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dmitriy Ustinov
Minister of Defence of Soviet Union
1984–1987
Succeeded by
Dmitry Yazov