Sergei Nikolaevich Sukhoruchenkov (Russian: Серге́й Николаевич Сухорученков, born 10 August 1956 in Trostnaya, Bryansk Oblast) is a former Soviet cyclist and Olympic Champion. He won the gold medal at the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow, in the road race.
He won the Peace Race twice, in both 1979 and 1984. Sukhoruchenkov won the 1990 edition of the Vuelta Ciclista de Chile.
His daughter Olga Zabelinskaya is also a cyclist and won two bronze medals in the 2012 Olympic Games, in both the road race and the individual time trial.