|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (September 2010)|
Trufanov in Donskaja
|Born||Sergei Mikhailovich Trufanov
October 19, 1880
Stanitsa Mariinskaya, Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire
|Died||1952 (aged 71–72)
New York City, New York
Graduating from St. Petersburg Theological Academy and ordained a hieromonk under the name Iliodor, he was involved in the right-wing Black Hundreds movement. He gained notoriety for his violently anti-Semitic speeches, and was prohibited to preach by the Most Holy Synod.
Once a close associate of Grigori Rasputin, he broke sharply with him in 1911 for reasons that are not clear and started a slander and blackmail campaign against his former friend. He is known primarily for his work, semi-autobiographical, and biographical on Rasputin. In this work, he was supported by Maxim Gorky, who hoped that Trufanoff's story on Rasputin would discredit the Tsar's family and eventually contribute to the revolutionary propaganda.
In 1912, Iliodor renounced the Russian Orthodox Church, published an apology to Jews, and was defrocked. He emigrated from Russia to Norway in 1914. In 1918, he returned to Soviet Russia, offering his services to Lenin, and lived for several years in Tsaritsyn. He emigrated in 1922, and spent the remainder of his life in New York City, where he became a Baptist.
- Mad Monk of Russia, Iliodor: Memoirs and Confessions of Sergei Michailovich Trufanoff, Iliodir New York: Century Co., 1918
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