||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (January 2012)|
|Sergei Ervandovich Kurginyan|
14 November 1949|
|Institutions||Experimental Creative Center|
|Alma mater||Moscow Institute of Geological Exploration,
Shchukin's Theatre School
|Known for||political scientist
founder and leader of all-Russian movement Essence of Time
Sergei Ervandovich Kurginyan (Сергей Ервандович Кургинян) is a Russian scientist, better known as a theatre producer and a politician. He is the founder and leader of all-Russian public left patriotic movement Essence of Time.
He was born in Moscow; his father, Yervant Amayakovich Kurginyan (1914–1996), was a professor of Modern History and a specialist on the Middle East. His mother, Mary S. Kurginyan (Beckman) (1922–1989), was a Senior Research Fellow at the Gorky Institute of World Literature, an expert on T. Mann and the author of several monographs. His grandfather on the mother's side was a white officer, who went over to the red side in the Civil War; he was shot on 2 November 1938.
Sergey Kurginyan has graduated from the Moscow Institute of Geological Exploration with specialty of "geophysics" (1972). He finished the Shchukin's Theatre School (1983), specializing in "directing the drama." Sergey got his Ph.D. in Mathematical Sciences, Fellow Institute of Oceanology, USSR Academy of Sciences (1974–1980). Up to 1986, he was a senior research fellow at the Laboratory of Applied Cybernetics, Moscow Institute of Geological Exploration.
Soviet period career
Kurginyan was a member of the commission on new theatrical forms of the Theatre Union of the RSFSR and the initiator of the socio-economic experiment "Studio Theatre at the collective work contract." In 1967, while a student, Kurginyan created his own Theatre Studio which in 1986, together with the studios of M. Rozovsky, "the South-West", "Man" and others took part in the experiment "Theatre in the collective work contract." According to the results of the experiment Kurginyan's theatre "On the boards" got the status of a state theatre. The theatre of Sergey Kurginyan confesses Philosophy and metaphysical approach to the phenomena of our time.
From the 1980s, S. Kurginyan in parallel to his theatre activities was engaged into the analysis of the political process. In November 1987, the executive committee of the Moscow City Council by the decision N 2622 created the "Experimental Creative Center" which was based on the theatre-studio "On the boards" and gave him the set of premises on the Vspolny Lane in Moscow. In January 1989, Kurginyan became the boss of the organization of a new type - "Experimental Creative Center", which was established by the Moscow City Authority on the base of his theater. He repeatedly went to the "hot spots" on behalf of the Central Committee (then - leadership of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR) for independent examination.
After unsuccessful attempts to offer his services to the Secretary Central Committee Alexander Yakovlev (1987), Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme RSFSR Vitaly Vorotnikov and the chairman of the KGB Victor Cherbrikov (1988) Kurginyan was close to the second (later the first) Secretary of the CPSU MGK Yuri Prokofiev and was introduced into groups of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Central Committee. In September 1990, at the brainstorm in the Council of Ministers Kurginyan proposed rigid confiscatory measures and mass repressions against "speculators informal economy", calling the remark Deputy Prime Minister Leonid Abalkin " we already went through it in 1937." He supported in this period close contact with the "Union."
In 1990, S. Kurginyan ran for the deputies of the RSFSR (on Chertanovskaya territorial district N 58, Moscow). The election program of the candidate S. Kurginyan proposed the strategy for national salvation of Russia which was developed to prevent the disintegration of the Russian economy, society and state. In response to the question of where to get the money to implement this program, a candidate's campaign materials stated that Russia annually loses huge sums of money due to unequal distribution between the constituent republics of the USSR, the unfinished objects, the Union's "projects of the century" and so on. The Russians were offered to follow the example of Japan and "sparingly and prudently" put all the released funds to the program of national salvation of Russia. In 1990, Sergey Kurginyan created "Experimental Creative Centre" which main task is to unite aesthetics, ethics and epistemology. Since 2004 this community has associated nongovernmental status in the United Nations.
In 1991, Kurginyan have refused to become a counselor of Gorbachev because of differences in attitudes towards the withdrawal of the Communist Party and the country out of the impasse. S. Kurginyan's idea of relying on an intelligent layer (mainly scientific and technical intelligentsia) for guiding the country through the modernization was supported by Yuri Prokofiev, the secretary of the CPSU MGK. A number of houses in the center of Moscow have been granted to S. Kurginyan who united in the Experimental Creative Center a number of organizations and laboratories with the development breakthroughs .
In 1993, he became an advisor of Ruslan Khasbulatov. During events of October 1993 he was in the building of the Supreme Council. He was the developer of the script of the behavior of the opposition forces, an alternative to that which was implemented on 3 October ("march to the Ostankino"). According to him, a campaign plan to Ostankino was provocative. Several times he thwarted provocations, organized among the "White House's Citizens" (so-called "Sokolov's rebellion," etc.), strongly objected to the incorporation in "White House's Citizens" the Barkashov's fellows and other provocative elements. He led political dialogue and the information campaign in favor of the Supreme Council. September 30 the "party" supporters of the march to the Ostankino, existing inside the building, achieved expulsion of S. Kurginyan as a dangerous enemy. The same day, S. Kurginyan addressed to all the supporters of the Supreme Council with a cautionary note of the impending provocation. The warning was passed through the channels that existed at the time: the information system "The Ring". It also appeared on the tapes of official news (full text in "Russia-XXI», № 8, 1993).
In 1996, he invited the representatives of big business to unite and embark on a constructive public attitude. The result was the famous "Letter from thirteen".
In 2007, before the presidential election in Russia he said that "the principle of presidential power in Russia is a more fundamental constitutional than the principle, which refers to the two-term presidency," and expressed concern that "if Putin tries to move from the presidency at a millimeter, it will collapse the system. "
From July to December 2010 he was a co-host of TV program "The court of time."
In 2011, after the Congress party United Russia, in comments on the nomination of Putin as a candidate for President of Russia, S.Kurginyan said that "a process that they would like to turn towards a return to radical liberalism, in this side it did not turn". He added that "the de-Stalinization of radical liberalism, the return to the dead mythology and types of social and cultural life, - this all is over in the near future." Addressing his supporters S.Kurginyan also stressed that this did not happen due to "between others thanks to our modest efforts."
He is the author and the host of the "anti show" program "The essence of time", published since February 2, 2011 on the video-hosting service Vimeo, the site of the Experimental Creative Center and the site of the virtual club "The essence of time". The program, among other things, says the idea of the messianic role of Russia in the modern world.
Sergey Kurginyan wrote lots of political books such as "Field of the response action", "Russian question", "Post-restructing", "Seventh Scenario","Weakness of power", "Swing", "Esau and Jacob", "Theory and practice of political games", "Radical Islam", "Political Tsunami".
- Назад в СССР?
- О движении «Суть времени»
- Отрывок из программы «Познер» (25.05.2009)
- Агитационный материал кандидата в народные депутаты РСФСР по Чертановскому территориальному избирательному округу N 58 (г. Москва) С. Е. Кургиняна на выборах 4 марта 1990 года
- «Выйти из тупика!» (Письмо 13-ти)
- Сергей Кургинян. Интервью на канале Russia.ru. за 2010 год
- С.Кургинян «Регресс возможен» Интервью экспертному порталу Кремль. Орг Фонда эффективной политики Г.Павловского
- С.Кургинян «Суть времени — спецвыпуск» По поводу политических решений, принятых на съезде «Единой России» 24 сентября 2011 г.
- ECC TV Videos
- Международный общественный фонд «Экспериментальный творческий центр» (Центр Кургиняна МОФ-ЭТЦ) создан в 1990 году. Является независимой общественной организацией.
- «Суть Времени»
- Программа "Суть времени", выпуск 25
- Experimental Creative Center of Kurginyan
- Experimental Creative Center of Kurginyan on Twitter
- Sergei Ervandovich Kurginyan on Twitter
- Experimental Creative Center of Kurginyan at LiveJournal
- Club "The essence of time" at LiveJournal
- Site of club "The essence of time"
- Center of Kurginyan vimeo channels
- Transcripts of the tv-show of "The court of time"