|Minister of Defense|
November 6, 2012
|Prime Minister||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Preceded by||Anatoliy Serdyukov|
|Governor of Moscow Oblast|
May 11, 2012 – November 6, 2012
|Preceded by||Boris Gromov|
|Succeeded by||Andrey Yuryevich Vorobyov (Acting)|
|Leader of United Russia|
December 1 2001 – April 15, 2005
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Boris Gryzlov|
|Minister of Emergency Situations|
April 17, 1991 – May 11, 2012
|Prime Minister||Boris Yeltsin
Yegor Gaidar (acting)
Viktor Chernomyrdin (acting)
Viktor Khristenko (acting)
Viktor Zubkov (acting)
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Puchkov|
|Born||Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu
May 21, 1955
Chadan, Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Before 1991)
Our Home-Russia (1995–1999)
United Russia (2001–present)
|Alma mater||Krasnoyarsk Polytechnical Institute|
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union
|Service/branch||Military Council of the civil defense troops of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation|
|Years of service||1991 — present|
|Rank||General of the Army|
Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu (Russian: Серге́й Кужуге́тович Шойгу́, Tuvan: Сергей Күжүгет оглу Шойгу; born May 21, 1955) is a Russian political figure who has served in the government of Russia as Minister of Defence since 2012. Previously he was Minister of Emergency Situations from 1991 to 2012 and briefly served as Governor of Moscow Oblast in 2012. He holds the military rank of General of the Army. He is also the President of the International Sport Federation of Firefighters and Rescuers.
In March 2012, he was announced as one of the potential candidates for the Governor of Moscow Oblast. On April 5, 2012 he was elected as the 3rd Governor of Moscow Oblast, and he took office on May 11, 2012. On November 6, 2012 he was appointed as Minister of Defence.
Early life and education
Shoygu was born in Chadan, Tuva to a Tuvan father and a Russian mother. In 1977, Shoygu graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute with a degree in Civil Engineering. Following graduation in 1977, he worked in the construction industry for the next decade, advancing from low levels to become an executive. In 1988 he became a minor functionary in the Abakan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and then in Komsomol for a couple of years. In 1990 he moved to Moscow from Siberia and was appointed Deputy Chief of State Architecture and Construction Committee of the Russian Federation.
Ministry of Emergency situations
In 1991, he was appointed the head of Rescuer Corps, which was later given more responsibilities and renamed first to the State Committee on Emergencies, and eventually to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, making Shoygu a government minister. He became popular because of his hands-on management style and high visibility during emergency situations, such as floods, earthquakes and acts of terrorism. In 1999 he became one of the leaders of the Russian pro-government party Unity. He was awarded Russia's most prestigious state award – Hero of the Russian Federation – in 1999.
Governor of Moscow Oblast
In May 11, 2012 he entered to his office as Governor, after he was elected in April 5, 2012 by Moscow Oblast Duma (legislature).
Minister of Defence
On November 6, 2012 Shoygu was appointed Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation when Putin ousted his longtime ally, Anatoly Serdyukov. According to expert Sergey Smirnov, the so-called "Petersburg group” siloviki of Sergei Ivanov, Sergey Chemezov and Viktor Ivanov wanted one of its guys to take Serdyukov’s place at the Defense Ministry. But Putin didn’t want to strengthen them, so he took the neutral figure Shoygu.
On 7 November 2012 the minister decided to resurrect the tradition of Suvorov and Nakhimov cadets participating in the 9 May parade. On July 2013 Shoygu ordered commanders to begin every morning in the barracks with a rendition of the Russian Anthem, to compile an obligatory military-patriotic book reading list and take the preparation of demob albums under their control. On August that year he ordered to dress all Defense Ministry civilian workers, other staff and management employees in so-called "office suits".
Shoigu stated on 26 February 2014 that Russia planned to sign agreements with Vietnam, Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, the Seychelles, Singapore and several other countries either to house permanent military bases and/or to house airplane refuel stations in those countries.
Sergey Shoygu is married to Irina Shoygu, and has two daughters (Yuliya, born 1977 and Kseniya, born 1991). In his spare time, Shoygu enjoys sports such as football and horseback riding, and enjoys music of Vanessa Mae and The Ramones. He speaks nine languages, including English, Japanese and Turkish. He also has the largest collection of ancient samurai swords in Russia, worth over $40 million.
- Order of St Andrew with swords
- Hero of the Russian Federation
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland 2nd class
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland 3rd class
- Order of Honour
- Order for Personal Courage (USSR)
- Medal "For the Return of Crimea"
- Medal Defender of a Free Russia
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow"
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 300th Anniversary of Saint Petersburg"
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan"
- Three Medals "For Strengthening Military Cooperation" (Ministry of Defence)
- Medal "For Diligence in Engineering Tasks" (Ministry of Defence)
- Medal "200 Years of the Ministry of Defence" (Ministry of Defence)
- Medal "200 Years of the Ministry of Internal Affairs" (MVD)
- Medal "For Merit of the Stavropol Territory"
- Honoured Rescue Worker of the Russian Federation
- Order of "Merit of the Altai Territory"
- Honorary Citizen of the Kemerov Oblast
- Order "Danaker" (Kyrgyzstan)
- Order of the Serbian flag 2nd class
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sergey Shoigu.|
- "General information about Federation"
- Shoigu Tipped as Next Moscow Region Governor, The Moscow Times
- Emergencies Minister shortlisted for Moscow region governance, Russia Today
- Murmansk Governor Out, New Moscow Region Governor In
- Сергей Шойгу – биография
- Шойгу придется «воевать» на два фронта
- Новая летопись военного строительства Хроника
- Golts on Shoygu’s Tenure (Part II), September 2014, Russian Defense Policy Blog
- ria.ru: "Russia Seeks Several Military Bases Abroad – Defense Minister" 26 Feb 2014
- Inventor in Hot Water Over Use of Shoigu's Name Alexander Bratersky, Moscow Times. February 15, 2010.
- Russian minister's driver fired over threat to shoot motorist
|Minister of Defence of Russian Federation
|Governor of Moscow Oblast
|Ministry of Emergency Situations
|Party political offices|
|New office||Leader of United Russia