Serhetabat

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For the nearby town in Afghanistan, see Kushk.
Serhetabat
Serhetabat is located in Turkmenistan
Serhetabat
Serhetabat
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 35°17′N 62°21′E / 35.283°N 62.350°E / 35.283; 62.350
Country Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Province Mary Province
Elevation[1] 747 m (2,454 ft)
Population (1991)
 • Total 5,200 (approximate)
Time zone TMT (UTC+5)

Serhetabat (formerly Guşgy in Turkmen, Kushka in Russian) is a small town in the Mary Province in Turkmenistan, located in the valley of the Kushka River. The population is 5,200 (1991). It is immediately opposite to Towraghondi in Afghanistan, with which it is connected by a road and a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) gauge railway.

Overview[edit]

In 1885, Serhetabat and the surrounding region was seized from Afghanistan by the Russian forces as a result of the Panjdeh Incident (also referred to as the Battle of Kushka), in which about 600 Afghan soldiers were overwhelmed by over 2500 Russian forces.[2]

The settlement was founded in 1890 as a Russian military outpost. A local rail line branching from Merv on the Central Asian Railway was inaugurated on 1 March 1901, causing some degree of international excitement.[3]

The town of Kushka used to be the southernmost point of the Russian Empire and Soviet Union. A 10-metre stone cross, installed to commemorate the tercentenary of the Romanov Dynasty in 1913, is a memorial to this fact.

Transport[edit]

The broad gauge former Soviet Railway crosses into Afghanistan at the station, Towraghondi being the railhead station on the other side. In 2007, this line was restored to use.[4]

Climate[edit]

Serhetabat has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh), with cool winters and very hot summers. Rainfall is moderate in summer and autumn, but summer is extremely dry.

Climate data for Serhetabat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
31.0
(87.8)
34.5
(94.1)
37.4
(99.3)
42.3
(108.1)
45.5
(113.9)
45.3
(113.5)
43.3
(109.9)
43.4
(110.1)
43.8
(110.8)
35.0
(95)
31.5
(88.7)
45.5
(113.9)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52)
16.0
(60.8)
22.6
(72.7)
29.2
(84.6)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
34.4
(93.9)
29.5
(85.1)
23.4
(74.1)
17.4
(63.3)
11.7
(53.1)
22.92
(73.27)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
4.5
(40.1)
9.0
(48.2)
15.1
(59.2)
20.9
(69.6)
26.1
(79)
28.4
(83.1)
25.9
(78.6)
19.8
(67.6)
13.4
(56.1)
8.3
(46.9)
4.4
(39.9)
14.86
(58.73)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.7
(38.7)
8.6
(47.5)
12.1
(53.8)
15.6
(60.1)
18.0
(64.4)
15.5
(59.9)
9.7
(49.5)
5.0
(41)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
7.16
(44.9)
Record low °C (°F) −33.8
(−28.8)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.1
(39.4)
9.7
(49.5)
5.5
(41.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−33.8
(−28.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 50.4
(1.984)
52.9
(2.083)
75.7
(2.98)
44.6
(1.756)
15.8
(0.622)
0.8
(0.031)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.012)
5.8
(0.228)
14.2
(0.559)
39.0
(1.535)
299.6
(11.794)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.7 10.3 9.0 5.4 1.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3 5.9 8.2 51.9
 % humidity 74.4 73.5 68.0 58.9 39.7 26.2 23.3 23.0 28.2 40.9 62.2 74.3 49.38
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135 132 156 210 323 371 384 365 314 265 186 136 2,977
Source #1: climatebase.ru[5]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kushka, Turkmenistan". Falling Rain Global Gazetteer. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Clements, Frank. Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia. pp 198. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  3. ^ "Russia's secret railroad: Unknown to the world, 220 miles of rails have been laid". The Deseret News. 1899-04-08. 
  4. ^ "Afghan rebuild underway". Railway Gazette International. 12 July 2007. 
  5. ^ "Kushka, Turkmentistan". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Climate Normals for Kuska". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 1 February 2013.