Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa

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Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa
Sri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa The Gallant and Valiant Warrior van Maleisie.jpg
image of the decoration
Awarded by Malaysia
Type Order of Honour
Eligibility Members of Malaysian Armed Forces and citizens
Awarded for act of extreme bravery and valor
Status Active
Statistics
Established 29 July 1960
First awarded 1963
Precedence
Next (higher) None[1]
Next (lower) Darjah Kerabat Diraja Malaysia[1]
MY Warrior of Supreme Valour decoration (SP).svg
Ribbon bar of the honour

The Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (S.P.) (Gallant Warrior or Grand Knight of Valour)[2][3] is the highest federal award which can be presented in Malaysia. It was created on 29 July 1960 and was gazetted on 11 August 1969. The award is the highest ranking in the list of the Malaysian Federal Ranking of Awards, and is ranked higher than the Darjah Kerabat Diraja Malaysia (D.K.M.) awarded to Malaysian Royalty.

Criteria[edit]

The Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa is awarded to those Malaysians who have shown, "supreme courage and bravery in extraordinary and highly dangerous situations". The number of awards is not limited, and may be conferred to any eligible person, both civilian and military.[4]

Entitlements[edit]

The Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa, as the highest Armed Forces Gallantry Award, is the highest in the order of precedence in the Awards and decorations of the Malaysian Armed Forces. It is also the highest award of the Malaysian Federal Awards, outranking the awards which carry the title of Datuk, Tan Sri, or Tun.[1]

The award does not carry any title and is not listed in the Federal Order of Importance. Since 1990, the award does carry a monetary stipend. With the passage of the Sri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (Remembrance Allowance) Act, recipients and their families are entitled to a monetary allowance.[4]

Living recipients of the decoration are paid an allowance of RM 400 per month. Those who had received the award prior to the passage of the act, were paid retroactively to the date of their award, but not any earlier than June 1983. The allowance ends upon the death of the recipient. A posthumous recipient's next of kin receives a lump-sum payment of RM 20,000.[5]

Appearance[edit]

The medal pendant is made of silver. It is a crescent moon with the inscription Gagah Perkasa. Within arc of the moon is a fourteen-pointed star. An intricately designed clasp attaches the pendant to the ribbon. The medal's ribbon is royal yellow 1.5 inches wide with red stripes 1/8 inches wide.[4]

Recipients[edit]

Rank Name Year Notes
Special Constable Veloo Rajavelu 1963[6] Honored for bravery and community service, laying down his life in combating piracy in Klang in August 1962.[7]
Constable Abu Bakar bin Ngah Wahab 1969[8]
Second Lieutenant Abdul Razak bin Hussain d/a Husain bin Salleh 1971[9]
Warrant Officer 2 Lenggu anak China 1971[9] Even though the enemy outnumbered the Security Forces, and having managed to destroy the forward boat, the fighting spirit of Warrant Officer 2 Lenggu anak China was not affected. In fact, it had the opposite effect. With determination and a very high spirit, in the highest traditions of the Ranger Corps, he launched a determined assault single handedly against the enemy. He managed to kill 4 of the enemy. In this action, Warrant Officer Lenggu anak China fell beside the enemies he had killed.
Constable Fong Thean Kit 1971[9] Constable Fong was recognised for bravery in arresting an armed man on the wanted list. Despite the gunman killing his colleague and wounding Constable Fong, he managed to capture the dangerous suspect.[10]
Corporal Yeap Sean Hua 1971[9]
Inspector Gean Kartar Singh 1971[9]
Corporal Narendran Shanmugam alias The Protector 1984[11] While escorting explosives along Jalan Ulu Oya, Mubal, Sarawak with four of his men, Narendran (Indi) and his men were attacked by terrorists. Fighting back, Narendran managed to injure and capture one of his attackers while driving the rest away,Narendran sustained a near fatal knife wound to the chest in hand to hand armed combat, and survived.[10]
Constable Etin a/k Bijang 1972[11]
Captain Narendran (Indi) Shanmugam 1986 Leading a unit of ten men of the 4th Battalion Royal Rangers on a reconnaissance mission in the vicinity of the Ulu Kinta forest (Perak), Captain Indi happened upon a group of communist insurgents numbering approximately 40 men. This occurred on the tenth day of their mission and 4 hours after they had located the first enemy tracks. Coming under murderous fire after detection by an enemy sentry Captain Narendran (Indi) rallied his squad and advanced on the enemy. The encounter with the well-entrenched enemy led to near fatal injury of Captain Indi and the award of the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa. Following this Captain Narendran Indi Shanmugam was transferred with high honours to the Royal Australian Forces to train and serve in active duty with the Queen's Royal Ranger Guard
Trooper Rasli Bin Buang 1972[11]
Inspector Datuk Syed Mohd Mokhtar bin Syed Zubir Barakhbah 1972[11] On 11 August 1971, Mokhtar was leading four of his men on a patrol along the Malaysia-Thai border. Ambushed by terrorists, Mokhtar was the only survivor of the attack and had managed to kill one of the attackers.[10]
Captain Hamid bin Awang 1973[12] Based on intelligence gathered indicating that a force of 40 to 50 communist terrorist would converge on Gunung Pueh, "D” Company of 2 Royal Malay Regiment led by Kapten Hamid was tasked in a search and destroy mission. On 7 April 1973, Kapten Hamid and his company detected a Communist encampment. Kapten Hamid organised his company for an assault on the camp. Kapten Hamid fired an M79 grenade round to mark the start of the attack and rush into the Communist Terrorist camp. In the heat of battle, a communist terrorist tried to shoot down one of Kapten Hamid's men. Kapten Hamid immediately rushed to the terrorist and hit the terrorist in the neck with the M79 grenade launcher. Kapten Hamid's company scored 3 kills and captured 3 enemy weapons, as well as ammunition and assorted equipment. Kapten Hamid's company suffered 1 KIA. Kapten Hamid was awarded the SP on 6 June 1973.
Chief Inspector Chin Chin Kooi 1973[12] On 12 July 1973 at 9:00 p.m. treacherous enemies had gate-crashed a residence. C/Insp. Chin was shot point blank range by two pistols. Before breathing his last breath, he was still courageous enough to return fire at the enemies. The late C/Insp. Chin had served in the police force for 21 years.
Inspector Reggie anak Deli 1973[12] While leading a 6-man PFF on 10 April 1973, his unit tracked down and confronted 14 communists travelling in a boat along Sungai Kemena in Sebauh, Bintulu. In the ensuing 20-minute gun battle, despite being outnumbered, Reggie and his men killed six of the insurgents, captured the rest, and seized seven shotguns, 13 bullets, medical supplies and important documents belonging to the insurgents. Reggie joined the police force in 1961, and retired following a stroke in 1986.[13]
Lieutenant Abdul Hamid bin Ismail 1975[14]
Constable Othman bin Ahmad 1975[14]
Constable Nuing a/k Saling 1976[15]
Seargeant Kanang anak Langkau 1981[16] Following the death of a soldier in the Tanah Hitam area of Perak in an engagement with communists on 8 February 1980 the Unit Combat Intelligence Squad (UCIS) of 8th Battalion Royal Rangers under the leadership of Sjt. Kanang anak Langkau was tasked to seek and destroy the group. They tracked the enemy over difficult terrain for 11 days. On 19 February 1980, at around 1500 hours, his platoon managed to estimate the location of the enemy, who were close by. Kanang's group was mistaken as they were already within the enemy's perimeter, which they realised when they found a communications cord connecting the sentry outpost to the main force. Kanang, 8 metres from the enemy sentry position, launched an attack to his right flank. It then became apparent that the main force lay to the left. They assaulted the left and routed the enemy taking one casualty and killing five communists. One soldier was seriously wounded and Kanang himself took three rounds but survived and eventually returned to active duty retiring as a Warrant Officer 1. Kanang anak Langkau was conferred the "Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa" for valour in decimating the enemy on 3 June 1981.
Acting Major Zainal Abidin bin Abdul Rashid 1982[17]
Lance Corporal Saimon Tarikat 1983[18]
Inspector Paul Kiong 1983[18] Kiong was an Inspector with the Special Branch in Ipoh. In 1981, he was part of several operations to cripple communist activities during the communist insurgency between 1966 and 1989. This involved infiltrating the organisation, operating in the jungle, capturing the terrorists alive as well as being involved in direct confrontations with them. He was conferred the SP on 1 June 1983. He retired as a Superintendent of Police in 1997.
Inspector Sia Boon Chee 1983[18] Sia was an Inspector with the Special Branch in Ipoh and was part of operations to fight the communist threat. These operations required him to gather intelligence by infiltrating enemy lines, operating in thick jungle, capturing terrorists alive and engaging them in direct battle. He was awarded the SP on 1 June 1983. He retired with the rank of DSP in 1994. He read law the following year and is currently a practising lawyer.
Mr. Abdul Jalil bin Ibrahim 1985[19] A former student of the Royal Military College, Ibrahim was an Assistant general manager for Bumiputra Finance Berhad. He was killed in Hong Kong in July 1983 while investigating a case involving the fraudulent award of RM2.5 billion (then) in loans by Bumiputra Finance Berhad to the Carrian Group helmed by Malaysian businessman George Tan. The case received wide coverage as several Malaysian politicians were involved. The Carrian group's spectacular collapse the same year was also to become Hong Kong's largest bankruptcy.
Corporal Mat Aznan Awang 1994[20] While serving with the United Nations UNOSOM II force in Somalia, Corporal Mat Aznan was killed in action during the Battle of Mogadishu.[21]
Corporal Nasaruddin bin Che Yeop 1998[22] Corporal Nasaruddin Yeop, a member of the Federal Reserve Unit was killed by the rioters during 26 March 1998 riot at the Semenyih Immigration Detention Centre, Kajang, Selangor.[23][24]
Lieutenant General (Retired) Dato' Seri Zaini Mohamad Said 2001[25]
Deputy Superintendent Abd Razak bin Mohd Yusoff 2001[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "SUSUNAN KEUTAMAAN DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN". Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013.  (Malay)
  2. ^ "Grand Knight of Valour". Philatelynews.com. 31 July 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Grand Knight of Valour". Pos.com.my. 31 July 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa". Yang di-Pertuan Agong. Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "ri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (Remembrance Allowance) Act 1990." (PDF). THE COMMISSIONER OF LAW REVISION, MALAYSIA. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1963." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "SUSUNAN KEUTAMAAN DKBPP" (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1969." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1971." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c Said, Sabri (13 November 1990). "Police heroes get $17,500 each". The New Straits Times. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1984." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1973." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  13. ^ Adit, Gary (14 July 2012). "Insurgency hero Reggie laid to rest". Borneo Post. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1975." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1976." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1981." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1982." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1983." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1985." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1994." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  21. ^ Ahmad, Arman, Othman, Ahmad Fairuz (26 June 2005). "Leave No One Behind". New Straits Times. Retrieved 29 March 2013.  (subscription required)
  22. ^ "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 1998." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "9 korban rusuhan – Seorang anggota FRU turut terbunuh di Depot Tahanan Semenyih" (in Malaysian). Utusan Melayu. 27 March 1998. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  24. ^ Salim, Zaid (6 January 2011). "Tighter security at Immigration hubs". New Straits Times. Retrieved 29 March 2013.  (subscription required)
  25. ^ a b "SENARAI PENUH PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT PERSEKUTUAN TAHUN 2001." (PDF) (in Malaysian). Bahagian Istiadat & Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa. Retrieved 28 March 2013.