Lega Pro Prima Divisione
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Other club(s) from||San Marino|
|Founded||1935 as Serie C
1978 as Serie C1
2008 as Lega Pro Prima Divisione
|Number of teams||33 (17, 16 respectively for the group A, B)|
|Levels on pyramid||3|
|Promotion to||Serie B|
|Relegation to||Lega Pro Seconda Divisione|
|Domestic cup(s)||Coppa Italia Lega Pro
Supercoppa di Lega di Prima Divisione
|Current champions||Ternana (group A)
Spezia (group B)
(Lega Pro Prima Divisione 2011-12)
|2012–13 Lega Pro Prima Divisione|
Lega Pro Prima Divisione is the name of the third highest football league in Italy. It consists of 33 teams, divided geographically into two divisions of 17 and 16 teams respectively for group A and B. Until 2008 it was known as Serie C1.
Before the 1978-79 season there were only three leagues of professional football in Italy, the third being Serie C. In 1978, it was decided to split Serie C into Serie C1 and Serie C2. Serie C2, the fourth highest professional league in the Italian system, was also renamed in 2008 and is now called Lega Pro Seconda Divisione.
During the regular season, teams play only other teams in their own division. Each opponent is played twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 34 matches. Games are scheduled such that in the first 17 matches, every opponent is played once. In the last 17 matches, the same opponents are played in the same order with the only difference being that the venue changes.
Promotion and relegation 
In each division, two teams are promoted to Serie B, and three teams are relegated to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione. In total, the league promotes 4 teams to Serie B and relegates 6 teams to Seconda Divisione.
The team finishing first in the regular season is directly promoted to Serie B, while teams placing 2nd to 5th are entered into a play-off semi-final for the chance of gaining the second promotional spot for that particular division.
In the play-off phase that takes place after the regular season is completed, in each division the team placed 2nd will play the team placed 5th, and the team placed 3rd will play the team placed 4th in two double-leg promotional semi-final series with the higher classified team having home field advantage in the second leg. In case of an aggregate tie score, the away goals rule is not used, and the higher classified team is declared the winner without extra time being played nor penalty kicks being taken. The winning teams advance to the final in another double-leg series with similar rules. The only difference being that if an aggregate tie exists at the end of the second match, extra time is played. If the tie persists, again the higher classified team is declared the winner and no penalty kicks are taken. The winner becomes the second team promoted for that particular division to Serie B.
The team finishing last in the regular season is directly relegated to Seconda Divisione, while teams placing 14th to 17th are entered into a relegation playoff phase called play-out. There is only one round in the play-outs. In each division the team placed 14th will play the team placed 17th, and the team placed 15th will play the team placed 16th in a double-leg series with the higher classified team having home field advantage in the second leg. In case of an aggregate tie score, the rules are exactly the same as those for the promotional semi-finals. The two winning teams remain in Prima Divisione while the two losing teams become the second and third teams relegated for that particular division.
Play-off and play-out phases were first held in 1993-1994. Before then, the two top-placed teams were promoted to Serie B, whereas the three bottom-table ones were relegated to Serie C2, as it was known at that time.
Past champions 
Source for league winners:
Serie C1 
Lega Pro Prima Divisione 
Complete team list 
These are the 171 clubs which took part to the 34 Serie C1 and Lega Pro Prima Divisione editions played from 1978–79 to 2012–13. The teams in bold compete in Lega Pro Prima Divisione in the current season.
- 23 seasons: SPAL
- 21 seasons: Carrarese, Spezia
- 20 seasons: Benevento, Reggiana
- 19 seasons: Salernitana
- 17 seasons: Arezzo, Foggia, Prato
- 16 seasons: Como, Modena, Monza, Nocerina, Ternana
- 15 seasons: Casarano, Lucchese
- 14 seasons: Alessandria, Avellino, Giulianova, Livorno, Lumezzane, Padova, Siena, Taranto
- 13 seasons: Barletta, Cremonese, Pistoiese
- 12 seasons: Ancona, Carpi, Chieti, Empoli, Juve Stabia, Pavia, Pisa, Reggina, Sambenedettese
- 11 seasons: Andria BAT, Atletico Roma, Casertana, Catania, Cavese, Novara, Perugia, Piacenza, Rimini, Trento, Treviso, Triestina, Virtus Lanciano
- 10 seasons: Cosenza, Fano, Ischia, Lecco, Mantova, Pro Patria, Pro Sesto, Siracusa, Torres, Varese, Vicenza
- 9 seasons: Acireale, Fermana, Paganese, Palermo, Puteolana, Teramo
- 8 seasons: Atletico Catania, Cittadella, Massese, Monopoli, Montevarchi, Ravenna, Sorrento, Vis Pesaro
- 7 seasons: Ascoli, Francavilla, Martina, Sanremese, Sora
- 6 seasons: Alzano Virescit, Brescello, Campobasso, Casale, Cesena, Crotone, Foligno, Frosinone, Giarre, Gualdo, Legnano, Nola, Parma, Pescara, Turris
- 5 seasons: AlbinoLeffe, Brindisi, Castel di Sangro, Catanzaro, Chievo, Fiorenzuola, Forlì, Licata, Messina, Pergocrema, Potenza, R.M. Firenze, Rende, Trapani, Venezia, Viterbese
- 4 seasons: L'Aquila, Latina, Leffe, Palazzolo, Portogruaro, Sangiovannese, Saronno, Verona, Viareggio, Virescit Boccaleone
- 3 seasons: Battipagliese, Bologna, Brescia, Centese, Derthona, Gallipoli, Grosseto, Manfredonia, Matera, Real Marcianise, San Marino, Sant'Angelo, Südtirol
- 2 seasons: Akragas, Baracca Lugo, Bassano Virtus, Biellese, Cagliari, Civitanovese, FeralpiSalò, Gela, Gubbio, Lecce, Marsala, Napoli, Ospitaletto, Paternò, Pizzighettone, Sassuolo, Tritium
- 1 season: Asti, Atalanta, Avezzano, Bari, Crevalcore, Cuneo, Fanfulla, Figline, Genoa, Ivrea, Jesina, Leonzio, Mestre, Pescina V.d.G., Pontedera, Pro Vercelli, Rhodense, Sandonà, Virtus Entella, Vittoria
- Igor Kramarsic (17 July 2012 (updated)). "Italy - List of Third Division (Serie C) Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- Current season tables, fixtures and results at Soccerway
- List of Italian clubs showing the leagues they have played in
- Lega Pro Official Website (Italian)