Serpukhov

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Serpukhov (English)
Серпухов (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Serpukhov Sovietskaya 31.jpg
Sovetskaya Street in Serpukhov
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Serpukhov is located in Moscow Oblast
Serpukhov
Serpukhov
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Serpukhov in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 54°55′N 37°24′E / 54.917°N 37.400°E / 54.917; 37.400Coordinates: 54°55′N 37°24′E / 54.917°N 37.400°E / 54.917; 37.400
Coat of Arms of Serpukhov (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Serpukhov (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Serpukhov City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Serpukhovsky District,[1] Serpukhov City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2006)
Urban okrug Serpukhov Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Serpukhov Urban Okrug,[2] Serpukhovsky Municipal District[3]
Head[citation needed] Pavel Zalesov[citation needed]
Statistics
Area (urban okrug) (December 2006) 37.516 km2 (14.485 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 127,041 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 129th
Density 3,386 /km2 (8,770 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded 1339[citation needed]
City status since 1374[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 142200
Dialing code(s) +7 4967[citation needed]
Official website
Serpukhov on WikiCommons

Serpukhov (Russian: Серпухов; IPA: [ˈsʲerpʊxəf]) is a city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Oka and the Nara Rivers, 99 kilometers (62 mi) south from Moscow on the Moscow—Simferopol highway. The Moscow—Tula railway passes through Serpukhov. Population: 127,041 (2010 Census);[4] 131,097 (2002 Census);[8] 143,618 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Serpukhov was established in 1339 to protect the southern approaches to Moscow.[citation needed] Two years later it was made a seat of the powerful princedom ruled by a cousin and close associate of Dmitry Donskoy, Vladimir the Bold. Town status was granted to it in 1374.[citation needed] The princedom continued until 1456, when the last prince escaped to Lithuania. The town frequently fell prey to the hordes of Tokhtamysh, Crimean Tatars, and other steppe conquerors. It was necessary to protect it with a stone citadel, or kremlin, which was completed by 1556 as part of the Great Abatis Belt.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Serpukhov serves as the administrative center of Serpukhovsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Serpukhov City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Serpukhov City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Serpukhov Urban Okrug.[2]

Landmarks[edit]

The citadel commands a steep hill where the small Serpeyka River enters the Nara. However, during the 19th century, parts of the citadel were demolished by the town's inhabitants, who used its limestone for their private residences. Even now the vast majority of basements in nearby houses are built from this material. In the kremlin, the chief monument is the Trinity cathedral, built in 1696 in Moscow Baroque style.

The Vysotsky Monastery features a cathedral and refectory dating from the late 16th century, as well as the allegedly miracle-working icon Inexhaustible Chalice. Another important cloister is called Vladychny, with the Presentation cathedral and a tent-like St. George's church, both erected during Boris Godunov's reign. The latter monastery is named after the honorary title of Russian bishops, as it was founded by the holy metropolitan Alexis in 1360.

Modern town[edit]

In modern times, Serpukhov has become a local industrial center with textile, mechanical engineering, furniture, and paper-producing industries. The SeAZ factory produces the Lada Oka microcar since the 1980s. The Prioksko-Terrasny Nature Reserve sprawls within 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from the city.

Transport[edit]

The city is linked by trains to Moscow and Tula and is on the M2 highway between Moscow and the Crimea. There are also river boat services along the Oka River.

Culture and education[edit]

Serpukhov is home to the Serpukhov Historical and Art Museum and the Serpukhov Art Gallery. The city is home to the Serpukhov Military Academy of Missile troops and branches of several Moscow based universities.

Sports[edit]

The city association football team FC Zvezda Serpukhov plays in the Russian second division.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Serpukhov is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Law #11/2005-OZ
  3. ^ Law #78/2005-OZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська". mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 7, 2010. 

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №24/2014-ОЗ от 21 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #24/2014-OZ of March 21, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2005-ОЗ от 17 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Серпухов», в ред. Закона №220/2006-ОЗ от 14 декабря 2006 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Серпухов"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №20, 4 февраля 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2005-OZ of January 17, 2005 On the Status and the Border of Serpukhov Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #220/2006-OZ of December 14, 2006 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Serpukhov Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №78/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Серпуховского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №159/2012-ОЗ от 26 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Серпуховского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №44, 12 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #78/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Serpukhovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #159/2012-OZ of October 26, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Serpukhovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]