Serra Negra

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Coordinates: 22°36′44″S 46°42′02″W / 22.61222°S 46.70056°W / -22.61222; -46.70056

Serra Negra
municipality
Municipality of the Hydromineral Spa of Serra Negra
A view of Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante
A view of Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante
Flag of Serra Negra
Flag
Coat of arms of Serra Negra
Coat of arms
Motto: Virtvte Pavlistarvm Florvi (Latin for I flourish thanks to the valor of the people of São Paulo)
Anthem: Serra Negra Meu Amor
Location in the state of São Paulo
Location in the state of São Paulo
Serra Negra is located in Brazil
Serra Negra
Serra Negra
Location of the city in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°36′43″S 46°42′03″W / 22.61194°S 46.70083°W / -22.61194; -46.70083
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State  São Paulo
Founded September 23, 1828
Government
 • Mayor Antônio Luigi Ítalo Franchi (DEM)
Area
 • Total 203.01 km2 (78.38 sq mi)
Elevation 925 m (3,035 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 25,912
 • Density 125.3/km2 (325/sq mi)
 • Demonym Serra-negrense
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal code 13930-000
Area code(s) 19
HDI (2000) 0.817 –high
Website Serra Negra

Serra Negra is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It belongs to the meso-region of Campinas. Population (2000) was 24,953 inhabitants. Total area: 203,5 km², demographic density: 112 inhab./km²

Statue of Christ the Redeemer at the top of a hill in the city of Serra Negra. Photo by Renato M.E. Sabbatini

The name of the city means black mountain range in the Portuguese language. It is located at an altitude of 925 m, in the Serra da Mantiqueira, a mountain range which runs mostly along the border of the state of São Paulo and Minas Gerais, and thus it has a mild climate, being also a busy tourism spot, similarly to its close neighbours, the cities of Lindóia and Águas de Lindóia.

History[edit]

Serra Negra was founded on 23 September 1828, but at least a century before that the region was already inhabited and was on the passageway between São Paulo and Minas Gerais. It was elevated to the status of city on 21 April 1885. At the end of the 19th century, the region received a large influx of European immigrants, mostly Italians, who came to work on coffee farms. Mineral water sources were discovered by Luiz Rielli in 1928 and the city became a much sought-after spa town (it is known as the "City of Health").

Population history[edit]

External links[edit]