Sestra River (Leningrad Oblast)

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Sestra
Сестра
Rajajoki
Белоостров ж.д.мост.JPG
The railway bridge over the Sestra in Beloostrov
Mouth Gulf of Finland
Basin countries Russia
Length 74 kilometres (46 mi)[1]
Basin area 399 square kilometres (154 sq mi)[1]
Sestra river/Rajajoki in the 1920s. To the left is Finland, to the right is Russia. In the background the railway line Helsinki-Viiipuri-St Petersburg.
A closer look at the border railway bridge.

The Sestra (Russian: Сестра; Finnish: Rajajoki or Siestarjoki; Swedish: Systerbäck) is a river in Vsevolozhsky and Vyborgsky Districts of Leningrad Oblast and Kurortny District of Saint Petersburg, Russia. The length of the Sestra is 74 kilometres (46 mi), and the area of its basin is 399 square kilometres (154 sq mi).[1]

The Sestra River flows over the Karelian Isthmus. The source of the river is in swamps west of the settlement of Vaskelovo, and the Sestra flows in the general direction south, having its mouth in the town of Sestroretsk. It used to fall into the Gulf of Finland until the early 18th century. After the construction of a dam for the needs of the munitions factory in Sestroretsk, a part of the river was turned into a reservoir called Sestroretsky Razliv (Sestroretsk Overflow) two meters (six feet) in depth with an area of 10.6 km² (4 mi²). Since then, the Sestra River has been flowing into this reservoir. The Sestroretsk Overflow is separated from the Gulf of Finland with a ridge of artificial sand dunes. Excess water is dumped into the Gulf of Finland through a canal, which is 4.8 km (3 mi) long.

The Sestra River served as a natural border between Russia and Sweden 1323–1617 and between Russia and Finland in 1812–1940. It currently serves as a border between Vsevolozhsky (east, formerly Soviet Union) and Vyborgsky (west, formerly Finland) districts of Leningrad Oblast.

References[edit]

Media related to Sestra River at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ a b c Река Сестра (Рая-Йоки) (in Russian). State Water Register of Russia. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 

Coordinates: 60°21′33″N 30°04′24″E / 60.35917°N 30.07333°E / 60.35917; 30.07333