São Rico (fictitious): The Shooting Star (Tintin never actually visited this country, neither is anything more revealed about it except it is in South America. The country was adapted to replace the USA in post-war editions)
Borduria is the historical rival of Syldavia, and attempts a fascistannexation similar to the 1938 Anschluss of Austria in King Ottokar's Sceptre. Borduria is ruled by military dictator Marshal Kûrvi-Tasch, who in addition to oppressing his own people, attempts to influence Third World conflicts by sending "military advisors" to countries such as San Theodoros.
Most of the events of Flight 714 take place on the island of Pulau-Pulau Bompa ("pulau-pulau" is Indonesian for "islands") involving people Hergé calls the Sondonesians. Said to be undergoing a civil war or a war for independence and now rebels for hire, they may be based on separatist fighters of the Republic of South Maluku. This was a self-proclaimed republic of seismically active islands in the Molucca Sea, whose residents fought for independence from Indonesia in the 1950s and 1960s. The inclusion of Jakarta's Kemajoran airport and the radio message from Makassar just before the plane is hijacked suggests that the location is within the Malay/Indonesian archipelago. The Sondonesians' conversations in the album are spoken in Indonesian Malay. The Proboscis monkey which appears in the album is exclusive to Borneo.
San Theodoros in South America, a prototypical banana republic where US-based companies and Borduria (meant as an allusion to the USSR or Cuba) vie for power, with "advisors" of local generals. The capital is Los Dopicos, which is later renamed Tapiocapolis.
São Rico in South America. São Rico was added as a reference in a later versions of The Shooting Star. The original version had the villainous masterminds as stereotypical Jewish American puppet-masters — the later version darkens their skin tone and inserts Sao Rico as a reference.
El Chapo, after the South American Chaco region. The Broken Ear is set in a war inspired by the Chaco War.
Pilchardania and Poldavia are both mentioned in The Blue Lotus. Pilchardania is mentioned on a newsreel that Tintin views while hiding in a cinema from the police. The Poldavian consul gets mistaken for Tintin in a beard and wig in the Blue Lotus opium den.