Seung Sahn Soen Sa Nim's lineage chart

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Main article: Seung Sahn

The following list documents Seung-Sahn Haeng-Won's transmission lineage, starting with the Buddha and the First Patriarch.[1][2][3]

India

SANSKRT CHINESE VIETNAMESE JAPANESE KOREAN
1 Mahākāśyapa 摩訶迦葉 / Móhējiāyè Ma-Ha-Ca-Diếp Makakashyo 마하가섭 / Mahagasŏp
2 Ānanda 阿難陀 / Ānántuó A-Nan-Đà / A-Nan Anan 아난다 / Ananda
3 Śānavāsa 商那和修 / Shāngnàhéxiū Thương-Na-Hòa-Tu Shonawashu 상나화수 / Sanahwasa
4 Upagupta 優婆掬多 / Yōupójúduō Ưu-Ba-Cúc-Đa Ubakikuta 우바국다 / Ubagupta
5 Dhrtaka 提多迦 / Dīduōjiā Đề-Đa-Ca Daitaka 제다가 / Chedaga
6 Miccaka 彌遮迦 / Mízhējiā Di-Dá-Ca Mishaka 미차가 / Michaga
7 Vasumitra 婆須密 / Póxūmì Bà-Tu-Mật Bashumitsu 바수밀다 / Pasumilta
8 Buddhanandi 浮陀難提 / Fútuónándī Phật-Đà-Nan-Đề Buddanandai 불타난제 / Pŭltananje
9 Buddhamitra 浮陀密多 / Fútuómìduō Phục-Đà-Mật-Đa Buddamitta 복태밀다 / Puktaemilda
10 Pārśva 婆栗濕婆 / Pólìshīpó Bà-Lật-Thấp-Bà / Hiếp-Tôn-Giả Barishiba 협존자 / Hyŏpjonje
11 Punyayaśas 富那夜奢 / Fùnàyèshē Phú-Na-Dạ-Xa Funayasha 부나야사 / Punayasa
12 Ānabodhi / Aśvaghoṣa 阿那菩提 / Ānàpútí A-Na-Bồ-Đề / Mã-Minh Anabotei 마명 / Mamyŏng
13 Kapimala 迦毘摩羅 / Jiāpímóluó Ca-Tỳ-Ma-La Kabimara 가비마라 / Kabimara
14 Nāgārjuna 龍樹 / Lóngshù Long-Thọ Ryusho 용수 / Yongsu
15 Kānadeva 迦那提婆 / Jiānàtípó Ca-Na-Đề-Bà Kanadaiba 가나제바 / Kanajeba
16 Rāhulata 羅睺羅多 / Luóhóuluóduō La-Hầu-La-Đa Ragorata 라후라다 / Rahurada
17 Sanghānandi 僧伽難提 / Sēngqiénántí Tăng-Già-Nan-Đề Sōgyanandai 승가난제 / Sŭngsananje
18 Sanghayaśas 僧伽舍多 / Sēngqiéshèduō Tăng-Già-Da-Xá Sogyayasha 가야사다 / Kayasada
19 Kumārata 鳩摩羅多 / Jiūmóluóduō Cưu-Ma-La-Đa Kumarada 구마라다 / Kumarada
20 Śayata 闍夜多 / Shéyèduō Xà-Dạ-Đa Jayana 사야다 / Sayada
21 Vasubandhu 世親 / Shìqīn Bà-Tu-Bàn-Đầu Bashyubanzu 바수반두 / Pasubandu
22 Manorhita 摩拏羅 / Mónáluó Ma-Noa-La Manura 마나라 / Manara
23 Haklenayaśas 鶴勒夜那夜者 / Hèlèyènàyèzhě Hạc-Lặc-Na Kakurokuyasha 학륵나 / Haklŭkna
24 Simhabodhi 師子菩提 / Shīzǐpútí Sư-Tử-Bồ-Đề / Sư-Tử-Trí Shishibodai 사자 / Saja
25 Vasiasita 婆舍斯多 / Póshèsīduō Bà-Xá-Tư-Đa Bashashita 바사사다 / Pasasada
26 Punyamitra 不如密多 / Bùrúmìduō Bất-Như-Mật-Đa Funamitta 불여밀다 / Punyŏmilta
27 Prajñātāra 般若多羅 / Bānruòduōluó Bát-Nhã-Đa-La Hannyatara 반야다라 / Panyadara
28 धर्म / Dharma 達磨 / Dámó Đạt-Ma だるま / Daruma 달마 / Dalma

China

CHINESE

NAME[4]

LIFE

DATES

VIỆT

NAME[5]

JAPANESE

NAME[6]

KOREAN

NAME[7]

28 / 1 達磨 / Ta-mo ? Đạt-Ma Daruma 달마 / Dal-Ma
29 / 2 慧可 / Hui-k'o 487–593 Huệ-Khả Eka 혜가 / Hye-Ga
30 / 3 僧璨 / Seng-ts'an ?–606 Tăng-Xán Sōsan 승찬 / Seung-Chan
31 / 4 道信 / Tao-hsin 580–651 Đạo-Tín Dōshin 도신 / Do-Shim
32 / 5 弘忍 / Hung-jen 601/2–674/5 Hoằng-Nhẫn Kōnin 홍인 / Hong-Ihn
33 / 6 慧能 / Hui-neng 638–713 Huệ-Năng Enō 혜능 / Hye-Neung
34 / 7 南嶽懷讓 /

Nan-yüeh Huai-jang

677–744 Nam-Nhạc

Hoài-Nhượng

Nangaku

Ejō

남악회양 /

Nam-Ak Hwe-Yang

35 / 8 馬祖道一 /

Ma-tsu Tao-i[8]

709–788 Mã-Tổ

Đạo-Nhất

Baso

Dōitsu

마조도일 /

Ma-Jo To-Il

36 / 9 百丈懷海 /

Pai-chang Huai-hai

720?/749?–814 Bách-Trượng

Hoài-Hải

Hyakujō

Ekai

백장회해 /

Paek-Chang Hwe-Hae

37 / 10 黃蘗希運 /

Huang-po Hsi-yün

?–850 Hoàng-Bá

Hy-Vận

Ōbaku

Kiun

황벽희운 /

Hwang-Byeok Heu-Iun

38 / 11 臨濟義玄 /

Lin-chi I-hsüan

?–866/7 Lâm-Tế

Nghĩa-Huyền

Rinzai

Gigen

임제의현 /

Im-Je Eui-Hyeon

39 / 12 興化存奬 /

Hsing-hua Tzun-chiang[9]

830–888 Hưng-Hóa

Tồn-Tương

Kōke

Sonshō

흥화존장 /

Heung-Hwa Chon-Jang

40 / 13 南院道癰 /

Nan-yüan Hui-yung[10]

d 930?/952? Nam-Viện

Huệ-Ngung

Nanin

Egyō

남원도옹 /

Nam-Weon To-Ong

41 / 14 風穴延沼 /

Feng-hsüeh Yen-chao

896–973 Phong-Huyệt

Diên-Chiểu

Fūketsu

Enshō

풍혈연소 /

Peung-Hyeol Yeon-So

42 / 15 首山省念 /

Shou-shan Shen-nien[11]

925/6–992/3 Thủ-Sơn

Tỉnh-Niệm

Shūzan

Shōnen

수산성념 /

Su-San Seong-Nyeom

43 / 16 汾陽善昭 /

Fen-yang Shan-chao[12][13]

947–1024 Phần-Dương

Thiện-Chiêu

Funyō

Zenshō

분양선소 /

Pun-Yang Seon-Jo

44 / 17 慈明楚圓 /

Tz'u-ming Ch'u-yüan[14]

986–1039 Thạch-Sương

Sở-Viên

Jimyō

Soen

자명초원 /

Cham-Yeong Cho-Weon

45 / 18 楊岐方會 /

Yang-ch'i Fang-hui[15]

992–1049 Dương-Kỳ

Phương-Hội

Yōgi

Hōe

양기방회 /

Yang-Gi Pang-Hwe

46 / 19 白雲守端 /

Pai-yün Shou-tuan

1025–1072 Bạch-Vân

Thủ-Đoan

Hakuun

Shutan

백운수단 /

Pae-Gun Su-Dan

47 / 20 五祖法演 /

Wu-tsu Fa-yen[16]

1024–1104 Ngũ-Tổ

Pháp-Diễn

Goso

Hōen

오조법연 /

O-Jo Peob-Yeon

48 / 21 圓悟克勤 /

Yuan-wu K'o-ch'in

1063–1135 Viên-Ngộ

Khắc-Cần

Engo

Kokugon

원오극근 /

Hwe-O Keuk-Keun

49 / 22 虎丘紹隆 /

Hsü-ch’iu Shao-lung

1077–1136 Hổ-Khâu

Thiệu-Long

Kukyū

Jōryū

호구소융 /

Ho-Gu Sor-Yung

50 / 23 應庵曇華 /

Ying-an T'an-hua

1103–1163 Oan

Donge

응암담화 /

Eung-Am Tam-Hwa

51 / 24 密庵咸傑 /

Mi-an Hsi-chieh

1118?/1138?–1186 Mittan

Kanketsu

밀암함걸 /

Mir-Am Ham-Keol

52 / 25 破庵祖先 /

P'o-an Tsu-hsien

1136–1211 Hoan

Sosen

파암조선 /

Pa-Am Cho-Seon

53 / 26 Wu-chun Yuan-chao[17]

(Wu-chun Shih-fan[18])

1174/8–1249 (Vô-Chuẩn

Sư-Phạm)

(Mujun

Shiban)

무준원조 /

Mu-Jun Wen-Jo

54 / 27 雪巖惠朗 /

Hsüeh-yen Hui-lang

Setsugan 설암혜랑 /

Seon-Am Hye-Rang

55 / 28 及庵宗信 /

Chi-an Tsung-hsin

급암종신 /

Keu-Bam Chong-Sil

56 / 29 石屋淸珙 /

Shih-wu Ch'ing-kung[19]

1272–1352 석옥청공 /

Seo-Gok Cheong-Gong

Korea

CHINESE NAME[20] KOREAN NAME[21] LIFE DATES
57 / 30 / 1 太古普愚 (Tàigǔ Pǔyú) 태고보우 / Tae-Go Bo-Wu 1301–1382
58 / 31 / 2 幻庵混修 (Huànān Hùnxiū) 환암혼수 / Hwan-Am Hon-Su[22] 1320–1392
59 / 32 / 3 龜谷覺雲 (Guīgǔ Juéyún) 구곡각운 / Gu-Gok Gak-Un
60 / 33 / 4 碧溪淨心 (Bìxī Jìngxīn) 벽계정심 / Byeok-Ge Jeong-Shim
61 / 34 / 5 碧松智嚴 (Bìsōng Zhìyán) 벽송지엄 / Byeok-Song Ji-Eom[23] 1464–1534
62 / 35 / 6 芙蓉靈觀 (Fúróng Língguān) 부용영관 / Bu-Yong Yeong-Gwan 1485–1567/1571
63 / 36 / 7 淸虛休靜 (Qīngxū Xiūjìng) 청허휴정 / Cheong-Heo Hyu-Jeong

(서산대사 / Seo-San Dae-Sa)

1520–1604
64 / 37 / 8 鞭羊彦機 (Biānyáng Yànjī) 편양언기 / Pyeon-Yang Eon-Gi 1581–1644
65 / 38 / 9 楓潭義諶 (Fēngtán Yìchén) 풍담의심 / Pung-Dam Eui-Sim[24] ?–1665
66 / 39 / 10 月潭雪霽 (Yuètán Xuějì) 월담설제 / Wol-Dam Seol-Je ?–1704
67 / 40 / 11 喚惺志安 (Huànxīng Zhìān) 환성지안 / Hwan-Seong Ji-An ?–1729
68 / 41 / 12 虎巖體淨 (Hǔyán Tǐjìng) 호암체정 / Ho-Am Che-Jeong ?–1748
69 / 42 / 13 靑峰巨岸 (Qīngfēng Jùàn) 청봉거안 / Cheong-Bong Geo-An
70 / 43 / 14 栗峰靑古 (Lìfēng Qīnggǔ) 율봉청고 / Yul-Bong Cheong-Kwa ?–1823
71 / 44 / 15 錦虛法沾 (Jǐnxū Fǎzhān) 금허법첨 / Geum-Heo Beop-Cheom
72 / 45 / 16 龍岩慧彦 (Lóngyán Huìyàn) 용암혜언 / Yong-Am Hye-Eon
73 / 46 / 17 永月奉律 (Yǒngyuè Fènglù) 영월봉율 / Yeong-Wol Bong-Yul
74 / 47 / 18 萬化普善 (Wànhuà Pǔshàn) 만화보선 / Man-Hwa Bo-Seon ?–1879
75 / 48 / 19 鏡虛惺牛 (Jìngxū Xīngniú) 경허성우 / Gyeong-Heo Seong-Wu 1849–1912
76 / 49 / 20 滿空月面 (Mǎnkòng Yuèmiàn) 만공월면 / Man-Gong Weol-Myeon 1871–1946
77 / 50 / 21 高峯 (Gāofēng) 고봉경욱 / Ko-Bong Gyeong-Uk 1890–1961/2
78 / 51 / 22 崇山行願 (Chóngshān Xíngyuàn) 숭산행원 / Seung-Sahn Haeng-Won 1927–2004

Footnotes and References[edit]

  1. ^ These charts expand from the basic list in "Zen Master Seung Sahn's Lineage" in: Seung-Sahn, 1997, The Compass of Zen, edited by Hyon Gak Sunim, Boston: Shambhala Dragon Editions, Shambhala Publications, pages 393–394. ISBN 1-57062-329-5
  2. ^ The same basic list is online in English at Kwan Um School of Zen and in Hangŭl (down to the 76th generation) at 조사 (불교).
  3. ^ For comparison, see Jinje Seonsa's lineage chart which is nearly identical with Seung-Sahn's list in The Compass of Zen down to the 75th master, after which the two lineages split up (to 만공월면 / Man-Gong Weol-Myeon in Seung-Sahn's and to 혜월혜명 / Hyewol Hyemyeong in Jinje's). There are five variations between the Seung-Sahn and Jinje lists: the renderings of the 40th, 43rd, 56th, 65th Masters' names, and the Latin spelling of the 58th's.
  4. ^ characters and Wade-Giles Romanization
  5. ^ See Thiền Sư Trung Quốc for a list of Chinese Zen Masters in Vietnamese.
  6. ^ Romaji
  7. ^ Hangeul and South Korean Revised Romanization
  8. ^ extensive article in Mazu Daoyi
  9. ^ pl:Xinghua Cunjiang
  10. ^ "Nan-yüan Hui-yü" in The Compass of Zen, and "Nanyuan Daoyong" in Jinje's lineage chart ("Dao" being the third character in the Chinese name).
  11. ^ The Wade-Giles "Shou-shan Hsing-nien" in The Compass of Zen, consistent with the Pīnyīn "Shoushan Xingnian" in Jinje's lineage chart.
  12. ^ Rendered as "T'ai-tzu Yüan-shan" in The Compass of Zen.
  13. ^ pl:Fenyang Shanzhao
  14. ^ pl:Shishuang Chuyuan
  15. ^ pl:Yangqi Fanghui
  16. ^ pl:Wuzu Fayan
  17. ^ 無準圓照
  18. ^ 無準師範
  19. ^ Rendered as "Shih-shih Ch'ing-kung" in The Compass of Zen.
  20. ^ characters and Pīnyīn Romanization
  21. ^ Hangeul and South Korean Revised Romanization
  22. ^ spelled as "Whan-Am Hon-Su" in The Compass of Zen.
  23. ^ pl:Pyŏksong Chiŏm
  24. ^ Rendered as "Pung-Joung Heon-Shim" in The Compass of Zen.