Sevan National Park
|Sevan National Park|
|Location||Gegharkunik Province, Armenia|
Sevan National Park in Armenia was established in 1978 to protect Lake Sevan and the surrounding areas. Sevan National Park falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Nature Protection, and is managed as a research center, which monitors the ecosystems, and undertakes various conservation measures. Licensed fishing on the lake is also regulated. Currently, Sevan National Park is one of two existing national parks in Armenia (see Dilijan National Park).
Sevan lake and its vicinities are rich in avifauna. Up to 267 bird species are registered in Sevan Basin. The existing avifauna can be grouped into podicipediformes, pelecaniformes, phoenicopteriformes, falconiformes, anseriformes, galliformes, gruiformes, charadriiformes, columbiformes, cuculiformes, strigiformes, caprimulgiformes, apodiformes, coraciiformes, piciformes, passeriformes. 39 species are included in the Red Book[disambiguation needed] of Armenia. There is also an endemic species Armenian gull (larus armenicus).
In the Masrik river valley, the following species of reptiles can be met: Bufo viridis Laurenti, Hyla arborea schelkownikowi, Rana ridibunda, Rana macrocnemis, Laudakia caucasia, Anguis Fragilis, Eremias arguta transcaucasica, Lacerta agilis brevicaudata, Lacerta strigata, Parvilacerta parva, Darevskia unsexualis, Darevskia valentini, Platiceps najadum, Hammerhois ravergieri, Coronella austriaca, Eirenis punctatolineatus, Natrix natrix, Natrix tesselata, Vipera (Pelias) eriwanensis.
Masrik river and its tributaries flow in the proximity of the urban areas. The river is of great importance, since its a spawning place for such endemic species as Gegharkunik trout (Salmo ishchan gegarkuni), Sevan koghak (Capoeta capoeta sevangi ) and Sevan beghlu (Barbus geokschaikus). Besides, the young fish of the aforementioned species also live in these rivers till 1 year of age. This period is very important for the future survival of the species. The Sevan trout (Salmo ischchan) and Sevan beghlu are included in the Red Book[disambiguation needed] of Armenia.
On the whole territory of Gegharkunik marz in general, there are 55 groups of invertebrates, mainly arthropoda, mollusks, crustacea, arachnida, etc. There are a few dozens of endemic species, of which 44 coleoptera, 2 lepidoptera, 2 оrthoptera, 2 mollusks. There is no Red Book in Armenia for the invertebrates. In the Red Book of the USSR, there were 12 species of arthropoda, of which 6 butterflies, 5 hymenoptera and 1 cricket. In the IUCN Red List, there are 4 invertebrate species, inhabiting Sevan Basin, on of which is included in the list of Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).
The basin of Lake Sevan is a crossroad for mezophile and Armenian-Iranian xerophile flora belts. In the territory of Sevan National Park 1145 species of vascular plants can be met, in the protection belt - 1587 species. The flora of the park is presented by 28 species of trees, 42 species of bushes, 866 perennial herbs and 307 species of annual and biennial plants. The territory of Sevan National Park and its protection belt, which also includes Vardenis, 23 plants, endemic for Armenia, can be met, of which 13 are endemic for Sevan floristic area. Only on the territory of Sevan National Park 3 Armenian endemic and 5 Sevan basin endemic plant species can be met. 17 species are included in the Red Book of Armenia (in the protection belt there are 48). In the territory of Sevan National Park and its protection belt, about 60 herbs can be used for officinal purposes. More than 100 are edible.
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- Khanjyan, Nazik. 2004. Specially protected nature areas of Armenia. Ministry of Nature Protection, Rep. Armenia. (downloadable from here)
- Հայկական սովետական հանրագիտարան. Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia
- REC Caucasus. 2009. Report on the Status of Environmental Situation in Vardenis.