Capoeta capoeta

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Capoeta capoeta
Capoeta capoeta capoeta1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Capoeta
Species: C. capoeta
Binomial name
Capoeta capoeta
(Güldenstädt, 1773)[1]
Synonyms

Varicorhinus capoeta

Capoeta capoeta is a species of West Asian cyprinid fish, including forms called the Sevan khramulya and the Transcaucasian carp.

This species has two or three subspecies:

  • Capoeta capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt, 1773)
  • Capoeta capoeta gracilis (Keyserling, 1861) (from Iran)
  • Capoeta capoeta sevangi De Filippi, 1865 (the Sevan khramulya; it is controversial whether this is different from C. c. capoeta)[2]

Sevan khramulya in Lake Sevan[edit]

In Lake Sevan, Armenia, the Sevan khramulya previously dominated in the fish landings, along with the Sevan trout. Annual harvest could be 300-500 tonnes.[3]

Males reach maturity at 2–3 years and females in 5–7 years in females.[3] They spawn in the lake in June–July,[3] but there are also populations in the major rivers draining to the lake.[4] The fish feed on detritus and as adults also on aquatic vegetation.[3]

Since 1936, with the gradual deterioration of reproduction conditions due to the permanent exposure of many spawning grounds, and with many spawning grounds in rivers lost, khramulya stocks in Sevan have gradually declined,[4] then sharply decreased.[3]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Capoeta capoeta" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Capoeta capoeta+sevangi" in FishBase. April 2014 version.
  3. ^ a b c d e B. Gabrielyan: Sevan khramulya — Varicorhinus capoeta sevangi (Filippi, 1865) Red Book of Armenia www.mnp.am
  4. ^ a b Savvaitova & Peter: FISH AND FISHERIES IN LAKE SEVAN, ARMENIA, AND IN SOME OTHER HIGH ALTITUDE LAKES OF CAUCASUS www.fao.org